Conflict, War and Military History in the Great Lakes Region


The books and articles below are about War and military history in the Great Lakes. See the right column for more info about this website.


French & Indian War

Frontier Conflict with Indians

Revolutionary War

War of 1812



The Conquest of the Old Northwest and its Settlement by Americans

NY: American Book 1901
Baldwin, JamesGo to Book


Some Important Colonial Military Operations: the Sieges of Louisbourg in 1745 and 1758 …

Washington: Society of Colonial Wars 1914
Huidekoper, Frederic L.Go to Book

(title continued) “The Struggle between the French and English for the Valley of the Ohio, 1749-1758”

These two papers describing battles and military strategy originated as addresses to the Society of Colonial Wars in Washington, DC. in 1914. This edition contains a number of maps and illustrations of the military campaigns. The second paper begins on page 29 of the Viewer.

See also on this site: Parkman, Francis, Montcalm and Wolfe in Section 973.2 on U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

Siege of Louisburg, French and Indian War, Seven Years War, historical

Military Roads of the Mississippi Basin: the Conquest of the Old Northwest

Cleveland: Clark 1904
Hulbert, ArcherGo to Book


The Frontier Fort, or, Stirring Times in the North West Territory of British America

Toronto: Musson 188?
Kingston, William Henry GilesGo to Book



French & Indian War

The Fight with France for North America

NY: Dutton 1900
Bradley, A. G.Go to Book

This is a 400-page history by a British historian, drawing heavily upon British government records, of the war that is called in the U.S. the “French and Indian War”.

For works on the era of the French and Indian War, also see:
– Parkman, Francis, Montcalm and Wolfe in Section 973.2 in U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation
;
Fiske, John , New France and New England in Section 973.2 in U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

French and Indian War, Seven Years War, history book

Military History in the Great Lakes Region

The General History of the Late War …

London: 1763
Entick, JohnGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2|Go to Vol 3|Go to Vol 4|Go to Vol 5

(title continued) “Containing it’s Rise, Progress and Event, in Europe, Asia, Africa and America and exhibiting the state of the belligerent powers at the commencement of the war, their interests and objects in it’s continuation, and remarks on the measures, which led Great Britain to victory and conquest, interspersed with the characters … by sea and land”

This history of the Seven Years War between England and France, written by an Englishman for a London publisher, was published shortly after the war ended. The version of Volume 1 offered here is the third edition, published in 1766. Volumes 2, 3, 4 & 5 are from the first edition, published 1763-1764. This history is included on this website because the French and Indian War was the American theater of the Seven Years War.

For works on the era of the French and Indian War, also see:
– Parkman, Francis, Montcalm and Wolfe in Section 973.2 in U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation
;
Fiske, John , New France and New England in Section 973.2 in U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

Seven Years War, French and Indian War, military history, history book, free online books

The French War and the Revolution

NY: Scribner 1893
Sloane, William M.Go to Book

This is one volume in a four-volume history of the United States. Written by a Princeton history professor, it covers the period 1756 to 1783.

For works on the era of the French and Indian War, also see:
– Parkman, Francis, Montcalm and Wolfe in Section 973.2 in U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation
;
Fiske, John , New France and New England in Section 973.2 in U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

French and Indian War, Revolutionary War, military history, American history

Military History in the Great Lakes Region

A Complete History of the Present War: from its commencement in 1756, to the end of the campaign, 1760…

London: 1761
Unknown AuthorGo to Book

(title continued) “… in which all the battles, sieges, and sea-engagements, with every other transaction worthy of public attention, are faithfully recorded, with political and military observations”

This history by an anonymous author, apparently British, covers the Seven Years War between Great Britain and France. The French and Indian War in North America was one theater in that war.

For works on the era of the French and Indian War, also see:
– Parkman, Francis, Montcalm and Wolfe in Section 973.2 in U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation
;
Fiske, John , New France and New England in Section 973.2 in U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

French and Indian War, Seven Years War, History book


Revolutionary War

“The Haldimand Papers”

Historical Collections Vol. 9 2nd edition 1908 343-658; Vol. 10, 1st ed. 1888, 210-672; Vol. 11, 1st ed. 1888, 319-656; Vol. 19, 1st ed. 1892, 296-675; Vol. 20, 1st ed. 1892, 1-299

Lansing: Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society
Installment 1|Installment 2|Installment 3|Installment 4|Installment 5



The “Haldimand Papers” are documents that were initially preserved by Sir Frederick Haldimand, who served as the Governor of the Province of Quebec from 1778-1784. The collection was maintained in the archives of Canada at Ottawa in 1886 when representatives of the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society began visiting the archives to copy documents. The Society published the collection in five volumes of the Society’s publication, Historical Collections. Those volumes of Historical Collections (and many others) have been made available online by Internet Archives.

The papers printed in the Historical Collections – a total of nearly 1,800 pages – consist largely of correspondence among British commanders at western frontier posts from 1762 to 1799, and between post commanders and the commanding general at Quebec. This includes the entire period of the Revolutionary War. The papers portray not only military life and military issues, but also civil life of the times. Because British commanders in the west relied heavily on Indian allies, the papers contain a great deal of material about treaties and conferences with the Indians, the means employed to obtain alliances, and the influence of Indians on the war.

The Tables of Contents of the five volumes and the Prefaces contain only very brief guides to the Haldimand documents in that volume. Indexes at the back of every volume cover that installment of the Haldimand Papers as well as all other articles within.

See also on this site: Books on the American Revolution on U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

Revolutionary War, correspondence, British commanders, Governor General Haldimand, online free books

“Virginia and the West; An Interpretation”

Mississippi Valley Historical Review Vol III, 1916-17, 19-38

Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Mississippi Valley Historical Association
Alvord, Clarence W.Go to Article

At the outset of the American Revolution Virginia claimed a large portion of what would be known as the Northwest Territory, including a large part of the Illinois country. The author asserts that the actions of George Rogers Clark and other American initiatives in the Northwest during the Revolution can only be understood correctly as stemming from Virginia’s determination to make good her claims to territory there.

Washington-Irvine Correspondence : the Official Letters which Passed between Washington and Brig-Gen. William Irvine

Madison, WI: Atwood 1882
Butterfield, Consul Willshire, ed.Go to Book

(title continued) ” … and between Irvine and others concerning military affairs in the West from 1781 to 1783″


Conquest of the Country Northwest of the River Ohio, 1778-1783 and Life of Gen. George Rogers Clark …

Indianapolis: Bowen-Merrill 1896
English, William HaydenGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

(Title continued): “With numerous sketches of men who served under Clark and full list of those allotted lands in Clark’s grant for service in the campaigns against the British posts, showing exact land allotted each. Over 125 illustrations”

Author William English was the President of the Indiana Historical Society.
Note that the Table of Contents in Volume 1, which appears to be very thorough, actually omits mention of nearly 200 pages of appendices. Included in that portion are Clark’s “Memoir”, a number of letters, and portions of diaries.

See the resources on this site for: The Exploits of George Rogers Clark

See also on this site: Books on the American Revolution on U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

Revolutionary War, Ohio River Valley, George Rogers Clark, memoir, free ebooks

“Clark’s Conquest of the Northwest”

Ohio History XII, January 1903/Number 1, 67-94

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Randall, Emilius O.Go to Article

Emilius Randall (1850-1919) of Columbus, OH was a Law Professor at Ohio State University and the official reporter of the Ohio Supreme Court. Appointed by the Governor as a Trustee of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, he also served as Secretary and Editor. He edited 28 volumes and authored several books and numerous articles for the Society.

See the resources on this site for: The Exploits of George Rogers Clark

Revolutionary War, George Rogers Clark, military history, Ohio River Valley, free history

The Tories of the Upper Ohio

Charleston, W. Va, 1914
Siebert, Wilbur H. Go to Book

This is a short paper, published as a booklet. Other writers have noted that the Revolution was different in the west in that there was not a civil war there between patriots and loyalists. There were too few loyalists. This paper is about specific prominent loyalists in the west, their efforts to influence events on behalf of the British, and how they were generally forced to flee American towns early in the war.

Revolutionary War, Tories, Loyalists, Ohio Valley, online history

The Revolution on the Upper Ohio, 1775-1777

Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society 1908
Thwaites, Reuben G., Kellogg, Louise P., eds. Go to Book

Volume 2 of the Draper Series. Please see the note under Vol 1, Documentary History of Dunmore’s War, 1774, for more information about this series.

This volume of documents covers the first years of the Revolutionary War on the Ohio River frontier.

See also on this site: Books on the American Revolution on U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

Revolutionary War, Ohio River Valley, frontier, documentary history, documents, free books

Frontier Defense on the Upper Ohio, 1777-1778

Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society 1912
Thwaites, Reuben G., Kellogg, Louise P., eds. Go to Book

Volume 3 of the Draper Series. Please see the note under Vol 1, Documentary History of Dunmore’s War, 1774, for more information about this series.

Revolutionary War, Ohio River Valley, frontier, documentary history, documents, free books

Frontier Advance on the Upper Ohio, 1778-1779

Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin 1916
Kellogg, Louise P., ed.Go to Book

Volume 4 of the Draper Series. Please see the note under Vol 1, Documentary History of Dunmore’s War, 1774, for more information about this series.

This volume is a collection of historical documents for the Revolutionary War in the west from May, 1778 to July, 1779, described by editor Louise Kellogg as the most momentous period in that theater of war. Kellogg, an historian at the Wisconsin Historical Society, describes military events during this period in a 28-page introduction. Since there does not appear to be a list of the many documents in the volume, reading the introduction first would be a help in putting the documents into context. .

Revolutionary War, Ohio River Valley, frontier, documentary history, documents, free books

Military History in the Great Lakes Region

Frontier Retreat on the Upper Ohio, 1779-1781

Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin 1917
Kellogg, Louise P., ed.Go to Book

Volume 5 of the Draper Series. Please see the note under Vol 1, Documentary History of Dunmore’s War, 1774, for more information about this series.

Revolutionary War, Ohio River Valley, frontier, documentary history, documents, free books

The North-west during the Revolution: Annual Address before the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Tuesday evening, January 31, 1871

Madison, WI, 1871
Walker, Charles I. Go to Book

“Contains Historical Notes by Lyman C. Draper. This address contains much new matter relative to an interesting period in our frontier history, especially pertaining to the British and Indian forays, having their origin and stimulus at Detroit, the headquarters of British influence in the Northwest during the border warfare of the Revolution.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

Revolutionary War, Ohio River Valley, Northwest Territory, history lecture


“General Wayne’s Orderly Book”

Michigan Historical Collections Vol. 34 (1905): pp 341-733

Lansing: Michigan Historical Commission
Wayne, AnthonyGo to Book

For the period 1792-1797, this covers General Wayne’s expedition against the Indians in Ohio Territory. Includes short sketches of military officers, extracts from a diary of Lt. Boyer, and correspondence of Col. Hamtramck and Gen. Wilkinson.


Frontier Conflict with Indians

The Land of the Miamis

Fowler, IN: Benton Review 1922
Barce, ElmoreGo to Book

An account of the struggle to secure possession of the Northwest from the end of the Revolution until 1812. Chapter headings, with explanatory notes, are:

-A Brief Retrospect. Indian Wars of the Early Northwest.
-What the Virginians Gave Us. Topographical description of country north of the Ohio River.
-The Beaver Trade. At the Close of the Revolutionary War.
-The Prairie and the Buffalo. The Buffalo as main food supply of the Indians.
-The Wabash and the Maumee. The chief line of communication with tribes of Early Northwest.
-The Tribes of the Northwest. Description and Location of 7 Tribes opposing Settlement.
-Real Savages. From the standpoint of the Frontiersmen.
-Our Indian Policy. Indian right of Occupancy through liberal policy of Washington and Jefferson.
-The Kentuckians.
-The British Policies. Reluctance to Surrender Northwest, Influence with Indians.
-Josiah Harmar. First Military Invasion of Northwest by Federal Government.
-Scott and Wilkinson. Kentucky Raids on Miami Country 1791.
-St. Clair’s Defeat. First great Disaster for Federal Armies.
-Wayne and Fallen Timbers. Triumph of Federal Armies over Indians and British.
-The Treaty of Greenville. Submission of Miamis and Surrender of Ohio Lands.
-Governor Harrison and the Treaty. Purchase of Miami Lands, Rise of Tecumseh, Tippecanoe.
-Results of the Treaty. Struggle of Harrison’s Political Enemies.
-The Shawnee Brothers. Tecumseh and the Prophet.
-Prophet’s Town. Capital of Shawnee Confederacy.
-Harrison’s Vigilance. He saves the Frontier Capital.
-The Council at Vincennes. Dramatic meeting between Harrison and Tecumseh.
-The Second and Last Council. Last meeting before Harrison marches into Indian Country.
-The Muster and the March. Muster of Volunteers and Arrival of Federal Troops.
-The Battle of Tippecanoe. Destruction of Tecumseh Confederacy.
-Naylor’s Narrative. Description of Battle by Participant.

Indian Wars, American Indian Wars, Miami tribe, Shawnee tribe, Chief Tecumseh, William Henry Harrison, Battle of Tippecanoe, Battle of Fallen Timbers, Ohio Valley, historical

“Lewis Wetzel: Warfare Tactics on the Frontier”

West Virginia History 50 (1991) 79-90

West Virginia Archives and History
Carroll, GeorgeGo to Article

Lewis Wetzel was among the most famous Indian fighters on the frontier at the end of the 18th century, living near the future site of Wheeling, West Virginia at a time of frequent Indian attacks. He excelled at guerilla tactics and ruthlessly hunted Indians, often by himself. The author describes his manner of fighting, which was common among frontiersmen, and assesses the military value of such tactics.

Indian Wars, Frontier life, Ohio River Valley, tactics, history magazines

“William Clark’s Journal of General Wayne’s Campaign”

Mississippi Valley Historical Review Vol I, 1914-15, 418-44

Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Mississippi Valley Historical Association
Clark, William (Lieut.)Go to Article

Entitled by the author, “A Journal of Major-General Anthony Wayne’s Campaign Against the Shawanee Indians in Ohio in 1794-1795”. According to the editor, “the particular value of this journal is the light it throws on the conditions in Wayne’s army. The hostile feeling of the volunteers toward the regular army and the general atmosphere of discontent with Wayne’s management on the part of some of his subordinates are clearly brought out in the manuscript.”

History of the Early Settlement and Indian Wars of Western Virginia…

Wheeling: H. Hoblitzell 1851
DeHass, WillsGo to Book

(title continued) “… embracing an account of the various expeditions in the West, previous to 1795; also, biographical sketches”

“This most valuable work is not a mere compilation of facts, but a history drawn from sources original and reliable. The author says “all statements of doubtful authority have been discarded, and no evidence received but that of the most unquestionable character.” A distinctive feature of the work will be found in Part VII, containing biographical sketches of some of the most prominent actors in the border wars. Among the principal subjects relating to our topic, are, Indian Towns on the Ohio, French Claims on the Ohio, Bouquet’s Expedition, Capt. Cresap exonerated, Col. Angus McDonald’s Expedition against the Indians in Ohio, Battle of Point Pleasant, Dunmore’s Expedition, Massacre at Gnadenhutten, Crawford’s Campaign, etc.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

frontier life, pioneers, Ohio Valley, Gnadenhutten massacre, Indian wars, Battle of Point Pleasant, free history

Military History in the Great Lakes Region

Notes, on the Settlement and Indian Wars, of the Western Parts of Virginia & Pennsylvania …

Wellsburgh, Va. 1824
Doddridge, JosephGo to Book

(title continued) “From the Year 1763 Until the Year 1783 Inclusive; Together with a View, of the State of Society and Manners of the First Settlers of the Western Country”

“This work is the production of a gentleman, who was reared in the wilderness, and was intimately acquainted with the whole subject on which he writes; it is drawn from original sources, and almost entirely from personal observation. Brought up in the wilderness, the inmate of a cabin, Dr. Doddridge spent his whole life in the midst of those dangers and vicissitudes which made up the life of the borderer, and he has detailed a variety of minute circumstances, which render the book exceedingly valuable. It is one of the original authorities, and although erroneous in some respects, we have every reason to believe is in the main correct; and scarcely a subsequent production relating to Indian Wars, can be picked up, that does not give extracts, or make assertions based on ” Doddridge’s Notes,” and most frequently without acknowledgement of the source from which their valuable item is taken. This work and “Wither’s Chronicles,” a work of like character and equal merit, have long been considered of primary importance in collections of books relating to America, and especially to those relating to the Ohio Valley.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

frontier life, pioneers, Ohio Valley, Indian wars, personal narrative

Border Wars of the West …

NY: Miller, Orton. 1856
Frost, JohnGo to Book

(title continued) “… comprising the frontier wars of Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee, and Wisconsin; and embracing individual adventures among the Indians, and exploits of Boone, Kenton, Clark, Logan, Brady, Poe, Morgan, the Whetzels, and other border heroes of the West”

Section headings and Chapter summaries:

Border Wars of Pennsylvania
-Washington’s expedition, Braddock’s expedition
-Depredations of Indians on frontiers of Pennsylvania
-War on the frontier until fall of Fort Duquesne
-Pontiac’s War
-Expedition of Colonel Bouquet to the Muskingum
-Dunmore’s War
-Massacre of Wyoming
-Sullivan’s expedition

Border History of Virginia
-Introduction
-Pontiac’s War
-Dunmore’s War
-Murder of Cornstalk, siege of Fort Henry
-Indian hostilities from 1778 to 1791
-Second siege of Fort Henry and Indian depredations

History of the Border Wars of Kentucky
-Adventures of pioneers of Kentucky
-Capture of Boone, Attack on Boonesborough, Adventures of Kenton
-Hostilities of 1780-1, Elliot’s defeat, Battle of Blue Licks
-Clarke’s expedition

Border Wars of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois
-Explorations of French, Expeditions of Gen. Clarke, Col. Williamson and Col. Crawford
-Settlements of Ohio Company, Harmer’s expedition
-Attacks on Ohio settlers
-St. Clair’s expedition, depredations of Indians
-Wagner’s expedition
-Hostile movement of Tecumseh and Prophet, Frontier events of War of 1812
-Border wars of Tennessee
-Border war in Wisconsin

French and Indian War, Pontiac’s Rebellion, military history, Dunmore’s War, Fort Henry, Indian Wars, War of 1812, Chief Tecumseh, books online free

Military History in the Great Lakes Region

“General Anthony Wayne and the Battle of Fallen Timbers”

Ohio History IX, October 1900/Number 2, 214-37

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Hunt, Samuel F.Go to Article

This is a centennial oration by a Cincinnati judge, delivered on the battlefield site in 1894. He briefly describes conditions that led the U.S. Government to send General Wayne and his army on this expedition, then describes the campaign. As one would expect of a commemorative speech, the emphasis is on the heroism of the troops.

Mad Anthony Wayne, Battle of Fallen Timbers, military history, Indian wars, history magazines, Ohio history

The Remarkable Adventures of Jackson Johonnet, of Massachusetts

Greenfield, Mass: Phelps 1816
Johonnet, Jackson Go to Book

(title continued) ” … who served as a soldier in the western army, in the expedition under General Harmar and Gen. St. Clair, containing an account of his captivity, sufferings, and escape from the Kickappo Indians”


Our Western Border: Its Life, Combats, Adventures, Forays, Massacres, Captivities, Scouts, Red Chiefs, Pioneer Women, One Hundred Years Ago

Philadelphia: J.C. McCurdy 1875
McKnight, CharlesGo to Book

“The author seems to have carefully sifted Doddridge, Withers, Pritts, DeHass, McClung and McDonald, and has connected chronologically, the more salient and memorable of the Combats, Massacres and Captivities, chiefly embraced between Dunmore’s War of 1774, and the Battle of Fallen Timbers, in 1794, when the power of the Western Confederation was forever crushed by “Mad Anthony” Wayne.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

Ohio Valley, Frontier life, Indian Wars, Battle of Fallen Timbers, Dunmore’s War, pioneers, U.S. history

Military History in the Great Lakes Region

A Collection of Some of the Most Interesting Narratives of Indian Warfare in the West, Containing an Account of the Adventures of Colonel Daniel Boone

1821
Metcalfe, Samuel L. comp.Go to Book

The author explains that as he was traveling in 1820 he met a man who had been an early settler in Kentucky and told him some “interesting anecdotes of Indian warfare”. Metcalf decided to continue to collect such stories about the early settlement of the western countries before they would be “consigned to oblivion”.

Chapter headings are:

-Narrative of Colonel Daniel Boone
-Dr. Knight’s Narrative
-Narrative of John Slover
-Robert Benham’s Narrative
-Adam Poe’s contest with two Indians
-David Morgan’s remarkable encounter with 2 Indians
-Adventures of Jackson Johonnet
-Narrative of Mrs. Woods and a little Girl
-Attack of the Indians on Cooper’s Run
-Expedition and defeat of General Harmer
-Expedition of Generals Scott and Wilkinson
-Defeat of General St. Clair by the Indians
-Indians Defeated
-Depredations of the Indians on the frontiers in 1791, 1792 and 1793
-Escape of two boys from the Indians
-Narrative of Captain William Hubbell
-Defeat of the Indians by General Wayne
-Narrative of Colonel James Smith

Appendix
-Manners and Customs of the Indians
-Their Traditions and Religious Sentiments
-Their Police or Civil Government
-Discipline and Method of War

See also on this site: Thwaites, Reuben Gold, Daniel Boone on Century Past Biographies: A & B

Kentucky history, Daniel Boone, Indian wars, frontier wars, frontier life, Battle of Fallen Timbers, Native American customs, American history

“The Western Indians in the Revolution”

Ohio History XVI, July 1907/Number 3, 269-91

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Notestein, WallaceGo to Article

This was the prize-winning paper in a 1905 competition sponsored by the Ohio Sons of the Revolution, with the assigned topic of “The Western Indians in the Revolution”. The author covers the roles of the three groups in the west; the frontier settlers, the British military, and the Indians, explaining the relationship between the Indians and the British.

Revolutionary War, Ohio Valley, Indian wars, alliance of British and Indians, Ohio History magazine

The Conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian War after the Conquest of Canada

Boston: Little, Brown 1898
Parkman, FrancisGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2|Go to Vol 3

In the late 19th century Francis Parkman was America’s premier historian of French Canada and of the Northwest under French rule. His narrative of “Pontiac’s Conspiracy” (now referred to as ‘Pontiac’s War’ or ‘Pontiac’s Rebellion’) was for decades the standard interpretation of the many Indian attacks against British northwest forts in 1763. This is a 1898 edition of a history first published in 1851.

Pontiac’s Rebellion, Francis Parkman, French and Indian War, Fort Detroit, history book

The Ohio Country between the Years 1783 and 1815 …

New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons 1910
Slocum, Charles E.Go to Book

(title continued) “Including Military Operations That Twice Saved to the United States the Country West of the Alleghany Mountains After the Revolutionary War”

Chapter headings are:

-Introduction, Settling of the British and French in North America.
-British direct non-observance of Treaty of Paris, and then sign the Treaty.
-Development of the West checked by British influences.
-Continued nefarious work with the savages.
-Further culmination of the inefficient management of affairs.
-Overwhelming success of the enemy.
-Further nefarious work culminating.
-Retributive justice marches on against great opposition.
-Wayne’s army defeats a hydra of conspiracies.
-The taming of the broken savage spirit.
-The most important of all treaties with the savages.
-The West gains possession of part of its rights.
-Advancement of civil government, and extension of the West.
-Conspiracy of the British, Tecumseh, and the Prophet.
-Results of further remissness of the government.
-Sad beginning of the War for Independence.
-Slow progress in preparing to meet the enemy.
-Extreme sufferings of Kentucky soldiers.
-The second great disaster of the War of 1812.
-A third great disaster in the first year of the war.
-Second great effort of the enemy unavailing.
-Another signal repulse of the allied enemy.
-The entire force of the British on Lake Erie Captured.
-The Americans seek the British at Fort Malden.
-The British pursued and captured at the Thames.
-The Ohio country free from the savage alliance.
-Success of the War for Independence assured.

Indian wars, Battle of Fallen Timbers, Mad Anthony Wayne, Chief Tecumseh, War of 1812, Battle of the Thames, Battle of Lake Erie, American history online

An Historical Account of the Expedition against the Ohio Indians, in the Year 1764, Under the Command of Henry Bouquet …

Philadelphia: 1766
Smith, William, etc.Go to Book

(title continued) “Including His Transactions with the Indians, Relative to the Delivery of Their Prisoners, and the Preliminaries of Peace : with an Introductory Account of the Preceding Campaign, and Battle at Bushy-Run : to Which Are Annexed Military Papers, Containing Reflections on the War with the Savages : a Method of Forming Frontier Settlements : Some Account of the Indian Country : with a List of Nations, Fighting Men, Towns, Distances, and Different Routs : the Whole Illustrated with a Map and Copper-Plates”

“This book is an authentic and reliable narrative of one of the earliest British military expeditions into the Territory northwest of the Ohio River. It narrates the details of the first victory, gained over Indian forces, by English troops, after the savages had been taught the use of fire-arms. The whole narrative is most entertaining for the interest of the subject, and for the quaintness of that highly literary style of the last century.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

Bouquet’s Campaign, Indian Wars, military history, Ohio Territory, online books

Documentary History of Dunmore’s War, 1774

Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, 1905
Thwaites, Reuben G., Kellogg, Louise P., comp.Go to Book

Volume 1 of the Draper Series

Lyman Copeland Draper (1815-1891) began research in the late 1830s on frontier days and particularly on the Indian wars of the Ohio River Valley, collecting documents, writing notes, and corresponding with people who had experienced historical events there. He continued his research throughout his life, leaving behind at the Wisconsin Historical Society, which he directed, an enormous volume of materials that are referred to as the ‘Draper Manuscript Collection’.

The Draper Series consists of 5 volumes of documents selected from the Draper Collection, edited by staff of the Wisconsin Historical Society at the beginning of the 20th century. Volume 1 covers Lord Dunmore’s War in 1774, and the remaining four volumes, also found on this web page, cover the period of the American Revolution. The editors began this volume with a 20-page introduction that describes the increasing violence along the Ohio River frontier from 1763 to 1774 and gives a short narrative of Lord Dunmore’s War.

Dunmore’s War, documents, documentary history, Indian wars, Ohio Valley, online books free

To Compel with Armed Force : A Staff Ride Handbook for the Battle of Tippecanoe

Fort Leavenworth, KS: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College 2000
Tunnell, Harry Daniel IV, Major Go to Book


Advancing the Ohio Frontier: A Saga of the Old Northwest

Blanchester, OH: Brown 1937
Wilson, Frazer E.Go to Book

The subject of this history is military operations against Indians in Ohio country in the 40 years from the beginning of the French and Indian War until the signing of Wayne’s Treaty at Fort Greeneville in 1795. The four chapters are:

-Frontier Ohio
-Defeat on the Upper Wabash
-Victory at the Maumee Rapids
-Smoking the Calumet

Indian wars, Ohio Territory, French and Indian War, Battle of Fallen Timbers, Ohio frontier, online books

The Peace of Mad Anthony …

Greenville, OH: Kemble 1909
Wilson, Frazer EllsGo to Book

(title continued) “an account of the subjugation of the north-western Indian tribes and the treaty of Greenville by which the territory beyond the Ohio was opened for Anglo-Saxon settlement”

The four chapter headings are:

-The Old Northwest
-The Tribes Protest
-Mad Anthony Victorious
-The Great Peace

General Anthony Wayne, Battle of Fallen Timbers, Indian wars, Treaty of Greenville, Northwest Territory, U.S. history book

Chronicles of Border Warfare: or, a history of the settlement by the whites, of northwestern Virginia…

1831
Withers, Alexander S. Go to Book

(title continued) “… and of the Indian wars and massacres, in that section of the state: with reflections, anecdotes, &c”

“One of the best collections of narratives of frontier life and Indian warfare. It ranks favorably with “Doddridge’s Notes”.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

Indian wars, frontier life, Ohio country, West Virginia history, online book


War of 1812

Narrative of the Suffering and Defeat of the North-Western Army, under General Winchester …

Frankfort, Ky: A. G. Hodges 1842
Atherton, WilliamGo to Book

(title continued) “… Massacre of the Prisoners: Sixteen months Imprisonment of the Writer and others with the Indians and British”

“This work recounts the adventures of the Volunteers from Kentucky under the command of Cols. Allen, Lewis and Scott, who were called to the relief of Fort Wayne. Their route was from Georgetown, Ky , to Cincinnati, thence through theState of Ohio, by way of Piqua. It narrates the subsequent defeat of the Army at Raisin, their capture and experiences while imprisoned at Montreal and Quebec. In feeling and humanity, the author places the Indians above the British.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

For U.S. history of the War of 1812, see also on this site: Babcock, Kendric Charles, The Rise of American Nationality 1811-1819 in Section 973.5 on U.S. History; Constitutional Period to 1845

War of 1812, Battle of Frenchtown, military history, prisoners of war, books online

Military History in the Great Lakes Region

“The Siege of Fort Meigs Year 1813: An Eye-Witness Account by Colonel Alexander Bourne”

Northwest Ohio Quarterly Vol. 17, no. 4 (Oct 1945) 139-54; Vol. 18, no. 1 (Jan 1946) 39-48

Toledo’s Attic
Bourne, AlexanderGo to Part 1|Go to Part 2

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

Fort Meigs, War of 1812, history magazines, military history, personal narrative

An Authentic History of the Second War for Independence

Auburn, NY: Hathaway 1815
Brown, Samuel Go to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

This history of the war was apparently published several months after the end of the War of 1812. Volume 1 Chapter headings are:

-Exposition of the Causes of the War
-March of Gen. Hull to Detroit, &c.
-A View of the Michigan Territory, &c.
-Sketches of that part of Upper Canada, which was the scene of Gen. Hull’s military operations.
-Invasion of Canada
-Campaigns of Gen. Harrison
-Battle of the Moravian Town
-Naval Battle on Lake Erie
-Biographical Notice of General Harrison
-Indian Attacks and Massacres, in 1812
– Massacre of the Garrison of Fort Dearborn
– Attack of Fort Harrison
– Attack on Fort Belle Vue
-Expeditions against the Indians of the Wabash and Illinois
-Events on the Niagara Frontier in 1812
-Battle of Queenstown
-Further Operations on the Niagara, in 1812
-Biographical Notice of Col. R. M. Johnson
-Biographical Notice of Lieut. Col. George Croghan
-Appendix (containing 90 pages of correspondence)

Chapter headings for Volume 2 are:

-History, &c.
-Movements on the Northern Frontier, in 1812
-Movements on the Northern Frontier, in 1813
-Capture of York
-Battle of Fort George
-Attack on Sackett’s Harbor
-Affair of Stoney Creek
-Correspondence between General Wilkinson and the Secretary of War
-General Wilkinson’s Journal
-Gen. Boyd’s Account of the Battle at Chrysler’s Field
-Sketch of the Movements of the Division under General Hampton, on the Champlain Frontier
-Colonel Purdy’s Report of the Affair on the Chatauga
-Disastrous Events on the Niagara, at the Close of 1813
-Campaign of 1814, on the Northern Frontier
-Second Victory on the Thames
-Affair at La Cole
-Unsuccessful Attempt of the Enemy to Destroy the Superior, Building at Sackett’s Harbor
-Attack on Oswego
-Brilliant Affair at Sandy Creek
-Death of Colonel Forsyth
-Capture of a British Flotilla on Lake Ontario
-Operations on the Niagara in 1814
-Battle of Chippewa
-Battle of the Cateract
-Operations on Lake Ontario, in 1814
-Expedition against Michilimackinac
-General M’Arthur’s Expedition into Canada
-Expedition of Sir Geo. Prevost against Plattsburgh
-Naval Action on Lake Champlain
-Military Operations on the Maritime Frontier of the United States
-Battle of Bladensburgh – Capture of Washington City
-Attack on Baltimore
-Creek War
-Attack on Fort Boyer
-Entrance into Pensacola
-Naval Operations on the Ocean
-Appendix. (begins on page 265 and consists of a collection of correspondence, official reports, the peace treaty that ended the war, a register of officers in army units, and other documents.)

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

For U.S. history of the War of 1812, see also on this site: Babcock, Kendric Charles, The Rise of American Nationality 1811-1819 in Section 973.5 on U.S. History; Constitutional Period to 1845

War of 1812, Fort Detroit, Battle of Lake Erie, Indian Wars, Fort Dearborn, Battle of Fort George, Ohio Valley, Battle of the Thames, free history

Views of the Campaigns of the North-Western Army, &c: Comprising Sketches of the Campaigns of Generals Hull and Harrison …

Burlington, Vt, 1814
Brown, Samuel R. Go to Book

(title continued) “…a Minute and Interesting Account of the Naval Conflict on Lake Erie: Military Anecdotes: Abuses in the Army: Plan of a Military Settlement: View of the Lake Coast from Sandusky to Detroit”

This book was published in the same year that the War of 1812 ended. The author was a participant in the campaigns he describes, and most of the narrative is a first-person account, with some overview added occasionally. It is a very different approach than that taken by Brown in An Authentic History of the Second War for Independence, found on this same web page. The account concludes with the re-occupation of Detroit in late 1813.

War of 1812, Battle of Lake Erie, military history, Ohio Valley, Fort Detroit, online books

Military History in the Great Lakes Region

“Western Opinion and the War of 1812”

Ohio History XXXIII, July-October 1924/Number 3 & 4, 427-76

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Cady, John F.Go to Article

In the author’s own words, here is the subject of this article:

“The young Republican leaders in Congress, backed by insistent and urgent public opinion in the West forced the United States into a war with a powerful nation, a war to which large sections of the country were utterly hostile, and which was regarded with enthusiasm in none but the three sparsely settled States west of the Alleghanies. The difference in the attitude of the West is traceable in part to its pride in resenting national insults, and in part to the fact that the War of 1812 was coupled with a popular Indian war for which the West believed Great Britain responsible. This paper concerns itself primarily with a consideration of these two elements, nationalistic pride and patriotism, and the inevitable Indian struggle, as the factors furnishing the grounds for differences between Eastern and Western opinion…”

For U.S. history of the War of 1812, see also on this site: Babcock, Kendric Charles, The Rise of American Nationality 1811-1819 in Section 973.5 on U.S. History; Constitutional Period to 1845

War of 1812, Indian wars, history article online

Campaign of 1813 on the Ohio Frontier: Sortie at Fort Meigs, May 1813 …

1870
Christian, ThomasGo to Book

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

(title continued) “Address of Thomas Christian, a Volunteer in Col. Dudley’s Regiment”

War of 1812, personal narrative, military history, Fort Meigs, online history

“The Ohio Valley in the Preliminaries of the War of 1812”

Mississippi Valley Historical Review Vol VII, 1920-21, 39-50

Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Mississippi Valley Historical Association
Coleman, Christopher B.Go to Article

The author explains why he believes the War of 1812 began only because influential men in the Ohio Valley, aided by elements in the south, aimed for the conquest of Canada.

Documents Relating to the Invasion of Canada and the Surrender of Detroit; 1812

Ottawa: Govt Printing Bureau 1912
Cruikshank, E. A. Lieut. Colonel, ed.Go to Book

Mostly consists of correspondence of one or two pages in length from throughout the year of 1812; about 200 items in all.

“The Organization and Operational Administration of the Ohio Militia in the War of 1812”

Ohio State University Department of History

Columbus: Ohio State Museum 1958
Doyle, James T.Go to Article

Paper by a graduate student, in the series “Papers on the War of 1812 in the Northwest”; a joint effort of Ohio State University and the Anthony Wayne Parkway Board.

The War of 1812 in the Old Northwest

East Lansing: Michigan State University 1958
Gilpin, Alec Richard Go to Book

Chapter headings are:

1. Tippecanoe: Prelude to War
2. The Old Northwest Acquires an Army
3. War
4. Invasion of Upper Canada
5. A Problem in Logistics
6. The Surrender of Detroit
7. The Second North Western Army
8. Frontier Actions and the Battle of River Raisin
9. Siege of Fort Meigs
10. Frontier Expeditions; Battle of Lake Erie
11. Battle of the Thames
12. Mackinac Island; Minor Actions
13. Peace
Bibliography

“The British Invasions of Ohio – 1813”

Ohio State University Department of History

Columbus: Ohio State Museum 1958
Hallaman, EmanuelGo to Article

Paper by a graduate student, in the series “Papers on the War of 1812 in the Northwest”; a joint effort of Ohio State University and the Anthony Wayne Parkway Board.

History of the War of 1812 between Great Britain and the United States of America

Toronto: Morang 1905
Hannay, JamesGo to Book

This is a history of the War of 1812 from a Canadian perspective. These passages are from the author’s Preface:

“This book has been written for the purpose of placing before the people of Canada, in a single volume, the story of the defense of our country from foreign invasion during the last war between Great Britain and the United States of America.” “No doubt it will be said by some critics that in this book I have been too severe on the Americans who invaded our country, burnt our towns, ravaged our fields, slaughtered our people and tried to place us under a foreign flag.”

Chapter headings are:

-Causes which led to the war.
-War declared by President Madison.
-General Hull invades Canada.
-Surrender of Hull’s army.
-Battle of Queenston Heights.
-On the Niagara frontier.
-Failure of Dearborn’s campaign.
-Operations on the Detroit frontier.
-The capture of York.
-Fort George and Sacketts Harbour.
-Battle of Stoney Creek.
-Procter’s defeat on the Thames.
-Chateauguay and Chrystler’s Field.
-The burning of Newark.
-Wilkinson’s defeat at La Colle.
-Chippawa and Lundy’s Lane.
-The siege of Fort Erie.
-Plattsburg.
-The capture of Washington.

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

For U.S. history of the War of 1812, see also on this site: Babcock, Kendric Charles, The Rise of American Nationality 1811-1819 in Section 973.5 on U.S. History; Constitutional Period to 1845

War of 1812, Canada, Capture of York, Fort George, Lundy’s Lane, free history books

Document Transcriptions of the War of 1812 in the Northwest

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society 1957-1962
Knopf, Richard C. and others, transcribers

 
Vol 1|Vol 2|Vol 3|Vol 4|Vol 5 Part 1|Vol 5 Part 2 

 
Vol 6 Part 1|Vol 6 Part 2|Vol 6 Part 3|Vol 6 Part 4|Vol 9 

 
Vol 10 Part 1|Vol 10 Part 2|Finding List – Index

 
A 10-volume series of transcribed source materials. Each volume is limited to either a single collection of personal or public papers, or to a single topic.

Vol. 1. “William Henry Harrison and the War of 1812”. The official correspondence of William Henry Harrison with the War Office from Jan 7, 1812 to Dec. 30, 1813. 104 pages.

Vol. 2 “Return Jonathan Meigs Jr. and the War of 1812”. Items relevant to the prosecution of the War of 1812 in the Northwest as found in the Meigs Papers of the Ohio State Library and the Library of the Ohio State Museum. Calendar of items at the end. 242 pages.

Vol. 3 “Thomas Worthington and the War of 1812”. Items relevant to the prosecution of the War of 1812 in the Northwest as found in the Worthington Papers of the Library of Congress, with the exception of the Worthington diaries. Calendar of items at the end. 233 pages.

Vol. 4 “Anecdotes of the Lake Erie Area; War of 1812”. Several little-known but worthwhile items respecting the naval war on Lake Erie. 63 pages.

Vol. 5 “The National Intelligencer Reports; The War of 1812 in the Northwest”. All of the pertinent information on the War of 1812 in the Northwest for the period as found in the columns of the National Intelligencer, a Washington, D.C. “semi-official organ for reporting governmental business and a clearinghouse of news from throughout the country.” Part 1 (222 pages) covers Nov. 9, 1811 to Dec. 8, 1812. Part 2 (264 pages) includes all of 1813.

Vol. 6 “Letters to the Secretary of War 1812, Relating to the War of 1812 in the Northwest”. All of the pertinent information on the War of 1812 in the Northwest for the year 1812 as found in the records of incoming correspondence to the office of the Secretary of War. It covers almost all phases of the activity on the frontier, including military preparations and operations, Indian affairs, supplies, the building of defenses, morale, etc. The volume is divided into four parts:
– Part 1: January-May. 245 pages.
– Part 2: June-July. 144 pages.
– Part 3: August-September. 209 pages.
– Part 4: October-December. 155 pages.

Vol. 7 “Letters received by the War Office 1813” was not found online.

Vol. 8 “Letters originating in the War Office and sent to the Northwest” was not found online.

Vol. 9 “Fort Fayette Freight Book 1812-1813”. Reproduces a Freight Receipt Book containing invoices of military supplies shipped from Fort Fayette at Pittsburgh to the western frontier between May 27, 1812 and March 28, 1813. 81 pages.

Vol. 10 “Western Reserve Historical Society War of 1812 Collection”. All of the pertinent information on the War of 1812 in the Northwest for the years 1812 and 1813 as found in the records and manuscripts of the Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, OH, divided into two parts.
– Part 1: 246 pages.
– Part 2: 231 pages.

“Finding List and Index for Volumes 1 through 10”. 160 pages.

“Some Social Aspects on the Life and Organization of the Soldiers in the War of 1812”

Ohio State University Department of History

Columbus: Ohio State Museum 1958
Le Roy, PaulGo to Article

Paper by a graduate student, in the series “Papers on the War of 1812 in the Northwest”; a joint effort of Ohio State University and the Anthony Wayne Parkway Board.

“The Weakness of Discipline and its Consequent Results in the Northwest during the War of 1812”

Ohio State University Department of History

Columbus: Ohio State Museum 1958
Le Roy, PerryGo to Article

Paper by a graduate student, in the series “Papers on the War of 1812 in the Northwest”; a joint effort of Ohio State University and the Anthony Wayne Parkway Board.

History of the Late War in the Western Country

1816
McAfee, Robert B.Go to Book

[This volume] “… is the original authority from which later writers borrowed freely. It narrates, in detail, the causes of the war—Hull’s Campaign—Harrison’s Campaign—Battle of Lake Erie—and all the incidents of the War of 1812 in Ohio and the Northwest Territory are given with great minutia of detail.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

War of 1812, online history book

Sketches of the War between the United States and the British Isles …

Rutland, VT, 1815
Williams, SamuelGo to Book

(title continued) “intended as a faithful history of all the material events from the time of the declaration in 1812 to … the treaty of peace in 1815; interspersed with geographical [!] descriptions … and biographical notices of distinguished military and naval commanders”

“Originally published in eight numbers as the war progressed; these were afterward collected in one volume. Contains a full account of the events of the war in Ohio and the Northwest.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

War of 1812, American history book

Select British Documents of the Canadian War of 1812

Toronto: Champlain Society 1920-1926
Wood, William, ed.Vol 1|Vol 2|Vol 3, Part 1

Volume 1 begins with a 132-page Introduction that narrates the war. The documents are then presented in groups, as shown below. Volume 3, Part 2, which contains miscellaneous documents and an index to the set, was not found online.

Volume 1
1. Preparation. 1801-1812
2. Brock. 1812

Volume 2
3. Operations in the West: Frenchtown; and in the East: Ogdensburg. Winter of 1813
4. Operations in the West: The Maumee, Fort Meigs and Fort Stephenson, 1813
5. Operations on Lake Ontario, Spring of 1813
6. Operations on the Frontiers, Summer of 1813
7. Operations in the Lake Erie Region, 1813
8. Operations on the Montreal Frontier, 1813. Miscellaneous
9. Operations on the Niagara Frontier, December 1813

Volume 3, Part 1
10. Operations on the Frontiers, 1814
11. British Counter-Invasion of the United States, 1814
12. The End of the War, 1814-1815

The War With the United States : A Chronicle of 1812

Toronto: Glasgow, Brook 1915
Wood, WilliamGo to Book|Audio Book

Chapter titles are:

1. Opposing Claims
2. Opposing Forces
3. 1812: Off to the Front
4. 1812: Brock at Detroit and Queenston Heights
5. 1813: The Beaver Dams, Lake Erie, and Chateauguay
6. 1814: Lundy’s Lane, Plattsburg, and the Great Blockade
Bibliographical Note


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