Illinois Economic History


A variety of topics in Illinois economic history are included below, such as commerce, industry, transportation or farming. See the right column for more info about this website.


Fourth annual review of the commerce, railroads, and manufactures of Chicago for the year 1855…

Chicago: Democratic Press. 1856
Go to Book

(title continued) “… compiled from several articles published in the Daily Democratic Press”

This annual report contains a number of descriptive articles about economic activity in Chicago, then provides data-based reports on the following topics, as well as others:

-Quantities of the following commodities shipped to Chicago (among others): flour, wheat, corn, oats, rye, butter, hogs, beef, lumber, wool, coal.
-Great Lakes vessels arriving at the city, including names, type and tonnage.
-Value of manufactured items shipped from the city.
-A section with brief individual reports of production at dozens of manufacturing firms.
-Construction: Descriptions of significant building projects underway or prospective, at churches, schools, and businesses. Also public works and large residences.

-There is a separate report for the many railroads centered in Chicago or operating in the region, with descriptive info, freight data and financial data for each.

See works on Chicago history in: History of Illinois Cities, Counties & Regions

Chicago economic history

Illinois Economic History

The Great Canal Scrip Fraud. Minutes of proceedings, and report of evidence…

Springfield, ILL: Daily Journal. 1859
Go to Book

(title continued) “… in the investigation of the case by the grand jury of Sangamon County, Ill., at the April term of the court of said county”

Canals seemed to have been the bane of early state governments in most of the Great Lakes States, as the States accumulated huge debts for internal improvements that in most cases failed to live up to the economic benefits that had been predicted. Fraud and corruption were often associated with these projects.

The first half of this publication consists of a transcript of testimony taken by the Grand Jury, and the second half is a “Review of Testimony” by the Finance Committee of the Illinois State Senate and the Grand Jury of Sangamon County, Ill., which also provides an explanation of this particular scheme.

Also see: Harlow, Alvin F., Indiana’s Canal Heritage and Esarey, Logan, Internal Improvements in Early Indiana in Indiana Economic History

Illinois Public works, Canals

The Illinois Central Railroad Company offers for sale over 2,000,000 acres selected farming and wood lands…

NY: Amerman 1856
Go to Book

(title continued) “…in tracts of forty acres and upwards, to suit purchasers, on long credits and at low rates of interest, situated on each side of their railroad, extending all the way from the extreme north to the south of the state of Illinois”

This is one of many such sales of public lands to fund railroad construction. As is explained in this advertising booklet, the Federal Congress granted the State of Illinois 2.5 million acres of public lands to aid construction of a rail line in Illinois. The State legislature created the Illinois Central Railroad Company and in turn granted it the land. The route would run from the Northwest corner of Illinois to Cairo in the south, with a branch to Chicago. The lands that were granted were in the vicinity of the rail lines. The railroads were to sell most of the land (except land that would be used for the lines) and use the cash they received from sales for construction.

This advertising booklet seems mainly aimed at farmers or prospective farmers who might be interested in purchasing land, and provides over 60 pages of information for them.

Railroad land grants, Illinois land grants

Illinois Economic History

Early Illinois Railroads; a Paper read before the Chicago Historical Society, Tuesday evening, Feb. 20, 1883

Chicago: Fergus. 1884
Ackerman, William K. Go to Book

The author was the president of the Illinois-Central Railroad. This paper begins with a history of the first railroad in Great Britain, and then the first railroads in the U.S. The early history of Illinois railroads here includes State Government discussions, initiatives and acts for construction of railroads, and stories about building the first railroads. The article is followed by an appendix with correspondence on the inception and origin of the Illinois-Central Railroad, a revised article from the Chicago Tribune called “The Oldest Railroad in Illinois”, and a list of station names with explanations of their origins.

For more books on railroads in U.S. history, see: Section 385 Railroad transportation in Commerce, Communications & Transportation and Sections 625.1 Railroad engineering & 625.2 Rolling stock. Operations in Engineering – Mechanical, Electric, Civil & more

Illinois railroad history

United Illinois and Wabash Land Companies. The Illinois-Wabash Land Company Manuscript

Springfield: McCormick. 1915
Alvord, Clarence W. ed.Go to Book

This begins with an introduction by Professor Alvord of the History Department at the University of Illinois, who provides background information for the Illinois-Wabash Land Company. This company was a group of land speculators intent on purchasing large tracts of land on the Wabash River in southern Illinois for settlement. The time period was during British rule, just before the American Revolution began.

Note that the documents in this volume are copies of hand-written legal documents. The handwriting is clear and legible, but they are large digital files and slower to load than regular book pages.

Illinois Indians, Land grants

Illinois Economic History

Coal Mining in Illinois; Bulletin 13 of Illinois Coal Mining Investigations Co-operative Agreement

Urbana: University of Illinois 1915
Andros, S. O. Go to Book

This book is mostly concerned with mining practices at the beginning of the 20th century. Many of these practices had not changed much since the early 19th century. The volume also contains a brief history of the industry and information about the coal fields.

Illinois Coal mining

Drainage channel and waterway: a history of the effort to secure an effective and harmless method…

Chicago: Donnelley 1894
Brown, G. P. Go to Book

(title continued) “… for the disposal of the sewage of the city of Chicago, and to create a navigable channel between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River”

Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal

“Allons, Cowboys!”

Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society Vol 76, No. 4, Winter 1983, pp 273-282

Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society
Brown, Margaret KimballGo to Article

The author tells the story of one of the first known cattle drives in the U.S.; originating in southern Illinois in 1739. French voyageurs and Indians were employed as drovers.

Illinois economic history

Prairie Farming in America. With notes by the way on Canada and the United States

London: Longman. 1859
Caird, James Go to Book

Caird had been sent in by the London Times on a tour of certain counties in England to report on agriculture, and the resulting book in Great Britain made him by 1851 a well-known authority on agriculture. Other books about farming in Great Britain and Ireland soon followed. He was knighted and became a member of parliament.
This book was published in Great Britain in 1859, for the benefit of British people who were considering migrating to the U.S. to farm. It consists of letters written by the author as he traveled through Illinois and other locations in late 1858. Letters cover topics such as soil conditions, overseas markets for wheat, railroads, modern farming equipment in use, availability and cost of hired labor, crop prices and yields, bank operations and availability of credit, taxes, health issues, land prices and more.

See also: Settlers’ Guides for the Great Lakes Region

Illinois agriculture history, Mississippi River Valley, Old Northwest

Illinois Economic History

The Pullman Strike

Chicago: Kerr 1894
Carwardine, William H.Go to Book


The Romance of the Reaper

NY: Doubleday 1908
Casson, Herbert Go to Book

Illustrated from photographs. Popular account of the invention, perfection and manufacture of agricultural implements, one of Illinois’ most important industries. Chapter headings are:

-The Story of McCormick
-The Story of Deering
-The International Harvester Company
-The American Harvester Abroad
-The Harvester and the American Farmer

Also see: Gibson, Charles R., The Romance of Modern Manufacture; a Popular Account of the Marvels of Manufacturing in Section 670 Manufacturing in Manufacturing, Chemicals, Textiles & Handicrafts

Harvesting machinery, agricultural equipment, farming history

Trails to Rails; a Story of Transportation Progress in Illinois

Illinois Central Railroad. 1956
Corliss, Carlton J. Go to Book

This little booklet is a 40-page history with photos, produced by the Illinois Central Railroad and apparently distributed free. Chapter headings are:

-Native trails.
-Pioneer routes and modes of travel.
-Early trails to Chicago and Galena.
-Internal improvements.
-The stage coach era.
-Dawn of the railway era.
-Illinois is transformed.
-A great railway center.
-Growth of railroads.
-Railway progress.
-Epilogue.
-Bibliography.

See also: Section 625 Engineering of railroads, roads in Engineering – Mechanical, Electric, Civil & more and Section 385 Railroad transportation in Commerce, Communications & Transportation

Illinois transportation history, Illinois railroads

Illinois Economic History

“Public Health: Danville Women Take a Stand”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 13, No. 1, 2006, pp 17-20

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Cornelius, Janet DuitsmanGo to Article


“The Historical Development of Science, Technology, and Invention in Illinois History”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 6, No. 3, 1999, pp 59-61

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Daugherty, Michael K.Go to Article


The Development of Banking in Illinois, 1817-1863

Urbana: University of Illinois 1913
Dowrie, George William, PhDGo to Book

Chapter headings are:

-The Monetary Situation in Illinois previous to the establishment of Banks
-The Territorial Banks
-Banking a State Monopoly
-Banking and Internal Improvements
-The Free Bank System of Illinois

See also:
– Esarey, Logan, State Banking in Indiana, 1814-1873 in /indiana-economic-history/”>Indiana Economic History
;
Wendell, Emory, Wendell’s History of Banking & Banks & Bankers of Michigan in Michigan Economic History

banking history, Illinois financial history, Illinois internal improvements

“The Impact of John Deere’s Plow”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 8, No. 1, 2001, pp 2-7

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Drache, Hiram M.Go to Article


“The Illinois and Michigan Canal: The Long Route Between the Waters”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 16, No. 2, 2009, pp 11-14

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Duis, Perry R.Go to Article


“Remember Virden! The Coal Mine Wars of 1898-1900”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 13, No. 2, 2006, pp 10-15

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Feurer, RosemaryGo to Article


Transactions of the Illinois State Agricultural Society; with notices and proceedings of county societies, and kindred associations: 1857-’58

Springfield: Bailhache & Baer 1859
Francis, S. ed.Go to Book

This volume contains the proceedings of several agricultural societies, including the State Agricultural Society, county societies, Illinois Stock Importing Ass., Illinois Sugar Cane Convention, State Horticultural Society, Northwest Pomological Ass., and the State Natural History Society. It also contains papers and reports on many topics, including:

Raising horses and mules in Illinois.
Embellishment of a country home.
Culture of forest and ornamental trees on the prairies.
Cultivation of orchards.
Practical gardening in Illinois.
Culture of rice in Illinois.
Sorgho and Imphee sugar cane.
Domestic fowls.
Agriculture, as connected with schools.
Agricultural colleges in Illinois.
Meteorological observations.
Normal University.

Illustrations include several prize-winning farm animals, the Fawkes’ steam plow, Lindley’s seed sower, Ruggs reaper and mower, and Brown’s corn planter.

Illinois agricultural history

Illinois as It Is …

Chicago: Keen and Lee. 1857
Gerhard, Frederick Go to Book

(title continued) “… its History, Geography, Statistics, Constitution, Laws, Government, Finances, Climate, Soil, Plants, Animals, State of Health, Prairies, Agriculture, Cattle-Breeding, Orcharding, Cultivation of the Grape, Timber-Growing, Market-Prices, Lands and Land-Prices, Geology, Mining, Commerce, Banks, Railroads, Public Institutions, Newspapers, etc., etc.”

All chapter headings and some topics covered within are:

-Introduction
-History
-Constitution
-Government: Judiciary, Finances.
-Laws: Land Titles, Wills of Real Estate, The Probate and Recording of Wills, Homestead Exemption, etc. (over 20 laws here)
-Geography
-Statistics
-Climate, Soil, Plants, and Animals
-State of Health and Diseases
-The Prairies
-Agriculture: Amount of Bushels raised per Acre, Profits of Farming, Fencing, Indian Corn, Barley, etc. (over 20 topics here)
-Fruit Culture: Apple, Peach, Pear, Quince, Plum, Prune, Cherry, Berries.
-Grape Culture
-Growing of Timber
-The Maclura Hedge
-Maple Sugar
-Cattle Breeding
-Market Prices
-Geology and Mining
-Commerce and Manufactures of Chicago
-Lands and their Prices
-The Lands of the Illinois Central Railroad
-Banks
-Railroads
-Public Institutions
-Newspapers
-Weights and Measures
-Hints to Immigrants

Illinois history, economic development, Illinois farming

Illinois Economic History

“The Industrial Development of Illinois”

Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 1921, pp 55-72

Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society
Glenn, John M.Go to Article

A wide-ranging and brief economic history of Illinois.

Illinois industrialization, economic history

“Chicago: America’s Railroad Mecca”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 15, No. 1, 2008, pp 27-31

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Grant, H. RogerGo to Article


“The Iron Horse Comes to Illinois, 1835-1860”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 15, No. 1, 2008, pp 2-6

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Grant, H. RogerGo to Article


History of Chicago: its commercial and manufacturing interests and industry: …

Chicago: Church, Goodman and Cushing. 1862
Guyer, Isaac D. Go to Book

(title continued) “…together with sketches of manufacturers and men who have most contributed to its prosperity and advancement, with glances at some of the best hotels, also the principal railroads which center in Chicago”

This book consists mainly of brief articles of one or two papers that were submitted by companies, which paid for the privilege of having them included here. Articles generally seem to include a little background information about the industry or service the company is engaged in and some company history. Here is a sample from the Table of Contents, just through the letter ‘C’:

-Bookbinding
-American literature
-Artificial teeth and dental materials
-Agricultural machines,
-Architecture,
-Auctions and commission
-American proficiency in illustration
-Billiard table manufactory
-Brushes
-Caparisoning
-Confectionery
-Comedy in Chicago
-Civilizers
-Chicago & North-Western Railway
-Cincinnati & Chicago Air Line Railroad
-Coffee, Spices and Teas

See works on Chicago history in: History of Illinois Cities, Counties & Regions

Illinois manufacturing, commerce

The Annals of Labor and Industry in Illinois for January, February and March 1890

Chicago: 1939
Illinois Writers’ Project of the Work Projects Administration, comp.Go to Book

“Compiled from newspaper files, trade journals, legal enactments, and judicial decisions, the Annals … tell of the State’s industrial development and of her workers’ struggles for better working conditions, higher pay and shorter hours.”
– Editor’s Preface

Also see: Mitchell, John, Organized Labor, its Problems, Purposes and Ideals, and the Present and Future of American Wage Earners in Section 331 Labor economics in Political Science, Economics, Labor

Campbell, Helen, Woman Wage-earners: their Past, their Present and their Future in Section 331 Labor economics in Political Science, Economics, Labor

labor history, economic history

“Miners of the Prairie: The Days of Shaft Mining in Northern Illinois”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 13, No. 2, 2006, pp 2-4

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Joyce, Richard P.Go to Article


A Trip through the Union Stock Yards and Slaughter Houses

Chicago: Hamblin 1892
Lambert, George W. Go to Book

“Among the many interesting sights of Chicago, few are more interesting than a trip through the Union Stock Yards and Slaughter Houses. No one should fail to avail themselves of the opportunity to visit this great Stock Yards and Packing Town, which is a city in itself, there being between twenty and twenty-five thousand people employed here in the busy part of the year.”
– from the author’s Preface

See also: McDowell, Mary E., “A Quarter of a Century in the Stockyards District” in Illinois Social History

Chicago meat industry, stockyards

Illinois Economic History

“Transportation. A Factor in the Development of Northern Illinois Previous to 1860”

Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society Vol 10, April 1917 pp 17-85

Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society
Lee, Judson F.Go to Article

For works on boats and shipping, see: Navigation on the Great Lakes & the Region’s Rivers

economic development, railroads, water transport

On Relief in Illinois

Chicago: Pen and Hammer 1935?
Martin, JackGo to Book

Booklet about unemployment relief.

“The Historical Development of Industry and Manufacturing in Illinois”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 6, No. 3, 1999, pp 41-43

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Matejka, MikeGo to Article


“Speculation, Promotion, and the Panic of 1837 in Chicago”

Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society Vol. 62, no. 2, Summer 1969, pp. 135-46.

Springfield: the Society
McLear, Patrick EdwardGo to Article

This historical article describes the speculative mania in Chicago and Illinois in real estate, and also describes the rapid development of railroads and growth of trade there.

1837 depression, Financial crises

“Medicine in the Illinois Country”

Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Library 1925, 87-99

Springfield: Board of Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library
Nelson, C. S. Dr.Go to Article

Also see:
– Dittrick, Howard, “The Equipment, Instruments and Drugs of Pioneer Physicians of Ohio” in Ohio Economic History
;
Juettner, Otto, Daniel Drake and his Followers: Historical and Biographical Sketches, 1785-1909 in Biographies & Memoirs in Ohio History;
Kemper, G. W. H., A Medical History of the State of Indiana in Indiana Economic History;
Zeuch, Lucius H., M.D., compiled, History of Medical Practice in Illinois in Illinois Economic History;
Michigan State Medical Society, Medical History of Michigan (Volume 1) in Michigan Economic History
Frank, Louis Frederick (Dr.), The Medical History of Milwaukee: 1834-1914 in Wisconsin Economic History

Medical history Illinois

Through the Chicago Stock Yards; a Handy Guide to the Great Packing Industry

Chicago: Rand, McNally 1907
O’Brien, JohnGo to Book

Chapter headings:

-Importance of the Chicago Market
-Development of the Stock Yards
-Business Methods
-International Live-stock Exposition
-The Chicago Horse Market
-Government Inspection
-Cattle Butchering and Beef Preparations
-Hog Slaughtering and Port Preparations
-Sheep, Veal, and Poultry Dressing
-Scale of Wages. Dressing Records
-General Information about Chicago
-Practical Recipes

Meat industry and trade, Chicago stock yards

The Granger Movement in Illinois

Urbana: University Press 1904
Paine, Arthur Elijah Go to Book

This 50-page paper traces the rise of the Patrons of Husbandry, normally known as the Grange, from its beginnings soon after the Civil War.

See also: Buell, Jennie, One Woman’s Work for Farm Women; the Story of Mary A. Mayo’s Part in Rural Social Movements in Biographies & Memoirs in Michigan History

National Grange, Freight rates, Patrons of Husbandry, farmers organizations

The Story of Pullman

Chicago: Blakely & Rogers 1893?
Pullman CompanyGo to Book


The Western Farmer’s New and Universal Hand-book:…

Chicago: Keen & Lee. 1856
Practical AgriculturalistsGo to Book

(title continued) “…or, An improved and complete guide to the treatment of soils: the operations of productive field husbandry; kitchen gardening; dairy practice; fruit growing; management and diseases of animals, fowls and bees; culture of flowers, ornamental trees &c; construction of farm buildings; grafting, budding, pruning, training; the great diseases of trees and plants; insects injurious to animals, fruit-trees, grain, &c. the whole embodying a plain, practical, and comprehensive detail of agricultural economy, in all its departments, throughout the United States and the Canadas. Illustrated by upwards of three hundred splendidly executed engravings”

A 500-page volume with over 300 drawings, this was intended as a farmers’ comprehensive guide on every aspect of agricultural operations. It contains advice on a very wide range of grain crops, fruit, livestock, tools, equipment, construction of buildings, insect pests and more.

See also: Section 630: Agriculture in Agriculture, Forestry, Gardening & Animals
Halsted, Byron D., Barn Plans and Outbuildings in Section 728 Residential & related buildings in Architecture – Public and Residential Buildings

Agriculture, farming, gardening, horticulture

Illinois Economic History

The Illinois and Michigan Canal: A Study in Economic History

Chicago: University of Chicago 1917
Putnam, James W.Go to Book

In the early nineteenth century, before railroad construction was fully underway, canals were the most important infrastructure projects. Every state in the Great Lakes region spent enormous sums to build them on the assumption that they were essential to economic growth. The Illinois and Michigan Canal had possibly the most ambitious goal of any of the canals in the region; to enable freight to move from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River and then into the Gulf of Mexico.

This study of the entire project to build the Illinois and Michigan Canal was written by a professor of economics at Butler College. This volume was produced for the Illinois Centennial by the Chicago Historical Society. Chapter headings are:

-The project
-Finance and construction
-Management
-Economic influence
-Improvement and enlargement
-Conclusion
-Appendices
-Bibliography

Also see: Harlow, Alvin F., Indiana’s Canal Heritage and Esarey, Logan, Internal Improvements in Early Indiana in Indiana Economic History

For works on boats and shipping, see: Navigation on the Great Lakes & the Region’s Rivers

Also see: Harcourt, Leveson Francis V., A Treatise on Rivers and Canals relating to the Control and Improvement of Rivers and the Design, Construction, and Development of Canals (1882) in Section 627 Hydraulic engineering in Engineering

Illinois and Michigan Canal, Public works


Chicago’s Highways, Old and New, from Indian Trail to Motor Road

Chicago: Keller 1923
Quaife, Milo M. Go to Book

The author was a historian of the American Midwest, and served as Director of the Wisconsin Historical Society. Chapter headings include:

-The Vincennes Trace
-The road to Ottawa and the Southwest.
-The thoroughfares to the lead mines.
-The Green Bay Road.
-The plank road era.
-The commerce of the prairies.
-Stage coaches and travel.
-Taverns and tavern life.
-Dangers of the highway.
-A bridal tour in pioneer Illinois.
-Appendix: Guide to the chief points of historical interest within a day’s journey of Chicago.

Also see: Frost, Harwood, The Art of Roadmaking (1910) in Section 625.7 Highway engineering in Engineering

Transportation history, history of roads, stagecoach travel

“The Agricultural Resources of Southern Illinois”

Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society for the Year 1917 Publication 23, 1917, 141-160

Springfield: Illinois State Journal
Reynolds, JohnGo to Article

This article was reprinted from the 1856 edition of Transactions of the Illinois State Agricultural Society. It is divided into the following chapters:

-The soil, surface and agricultural capacities of southern Illinois.
-The first French settlements and the first French agriculture in southern Illinois.
-The first American settlements and the first American agriculture in south Illinois.
-The salines and mineral wealth of southern Illinois.
-The improvement of agriculture in southern Illinois since the War of 1812.
-The agricultural prospects and destiny of southern Illinois.

Illinois farming, Illinois French

“The Historical Development of Agriculture in Illinois”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 6, No. 3, 1999, pp 4-5

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Riney-Kehrberg, PamelaGo to Article


“The Historical Development of Transportation in Illinois”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 6, No. 3, 1999, pp 20-21

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Ryburn-LaMonte, TerriGo to Article


“When Worlds Collide: The 1894 Pullman Strike in Decatur, Illinois”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 13, No. 2, 2006, pp 23-27

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Sampson, Robert D.Go to Article


“The Salines of Southern Illinois”

Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 1904, 245-258

Board of Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library
Smith, George W.Go to Article

An account of salt making in Gallatin County.

Salt mining

The Reaper; A History of the Efforts of Those Who Justly May be Said to Have Made Bread Cheap

NY: Greenberg 1931
Steward, John F.Go to Book


“The Illinois and Michigan Canal and the Growth of Northeastern Illinois”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 16, No. 2, 2009, pp 2-5

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Vasile, Ronald S.Go to Article


“McLean County and the Influenza Epidemic of 1918-1919”

Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society Vol 74, No. 2, Summer 1981, pp 130-144

Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society
Walters, Karen A.Go to Article

medical history, Spanish Influenza

“Meatpacking in Illinois History”

Illinois History Teacher Vol 13, No. 2, 2006, pp 36-39

Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Warren, Wilson J.Go to Article


History of Medical Practice in Illinois

Chicago: Book Press. 1927
Zeuch, Lucius H., M.D., compiledGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

This 2-volume set was issued by the Illinois State Medical Society in commemoration of its diamond jubilee. Volume 1: Preceding 1850. Volume 2: 1850-1900. Much of this history is biographical, and there are long quotes excerpted from a variety of sources. The Table of Contents is 12 pages long, containing hundreds of topics listed under the chapter headings. Chapter headings and a very small sample of topics are:

-Introduction: Devonian age or age of larger fishes. Cliff-dwellers of the West.
-Coming of the White Man called for the Practice of Medicine: Father Marquette investigates an Indian remedy for snake-bite. A physician accompanies La Salle on his greatest expedition.
-Period of French Influence and Colonization: Priests practice blood-letting. Surgeons during the days of old Fort de Chartres.
-Fort de Chartres and the Infant Colonies as Found by the British: Smallpox in the Garrison. Wilkins writes of unsanitary conditions of the country surrounding the fort.
-The British lose the “American Bottom”: A revolutionary skirmish at the front door of Chicago. A surgeon’s narrative of his miraculous escape from torture and death. The court orders payment of a surgeon.
-Illinois Territory in the Early 19th Century: Dr. Truman Tuttle of the U.S. Army arrives. Dr. Lyle of Cahokia lacks good nature. Dr. James Rose imbibes more than his share. Comments on remedies in vogue.
-The Physicians of St. Louis, A Suburb of the American Bottom in the Early Days: Dr. Auguste Condde loses a distinguished patient as well as his fee. Lawsuit gives information about an early surgeon. Dr. Mercier emancipates a faithful slave upon his demise.
-The Medical History of Centers of Civilization on the Wabash, Ohio and Mississippi Rivers: A pioneer physician much given to practical joking. A physician helps to build a village, dies in an almshouse. Dr. Moses Meeker a mining promoter. Dodge advances on his laurels. The Mormons and their medical history.
-Dark Age of Chicago’s History: The sad end of Dr. Van Voorhis. Polygamy in the wilderness. One of the promoters of the Underground Railroad.
-Civilian Practitioners of New Chicago, 1836-1850: Schooner wreck renders a couple destitute. Post mortem reveals neoplasm. Rush Medical College. Dissection course not obligatory. Dr. Josiah Cosmore Goodhue, father of Chicago’s public school system.
-Homeopathy and its Early Adherents in Illinois: First homeopathic hospital established. George Elias Shipman founds a home for waifs.
-Medical History of Pioneers of the Interior of the State, Southern Section: Cholera makes five visits to White County. Bandits prey upon the traveling public. A physician heads Swiss colonization scheme. Witchcraft becomes a business of extortion.
-Interior of the State: Central Counties: Superstitious beliefs of backwoodsmen. School for the blind. A contributor to the literature of his time. Illinois College faculty.
-Interior of the State: Northern Counties: A great fruit magnate was this pioneer physician. Dr. Griffith casts doubt concerning his intentions, but proves a friend indeed. Erysipelas and scarlet fever decimate the ranks of the frontiersmen. Body-snatching proves to be the undoing of a zealous anatomist. A prophylactic dose which was worse than the disease it was to prevent.

Also see:
– Dittrick, Howard, “The Equipment, Instruments and Drugs of Pioneer Physicians of Ohio” in Ohio Economic History
;
Juettner, Otto, Daniel Drake and his Followers: Historical and Biographical Sketches, 1785-1909 in Biographies & Memoirs in Ohio History;
Kemper, G. W. H., A Medical History of the State of Indiana in Indiana Economic History;
Michigan State Medical Society, Medical History of Michigan (Volume 1) in Michigan Economic History
Frank, Louis Frederick (Dr.), The Medical History of Milwaukee: 1834-1914 in Wisconsin Economic History

History of Medicine, Fort De Chartres, Rush Medical College


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