Illinois Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers


The works below are in three sections; ‘Maps and Atlases’, online ‘Collections’ of Maps and Atlases and ‘Gazetteers’ (geographical directories); all from Illinois history. See the right column for more info about this website.


Illinois Maps & Atlases

Illinois

Baltimore: Lucas Jr. 1817
Rumsey Go to Map


Illinois Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

Map of Illinois

Philadelphia: Carey 1822
Rumsey CollectionGo to Map


Parts of Missouri, Illinois and Indiana

Great Britain: Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge 1833
Rumsey Go to Map


Map of Illinois

Squire. 1836
Rumsey Go to Map


Illinois Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

A New Map of Illinois with its Proposed Canals, Roads & Distances from Place to Place along the State & Steam Boat Routes

Philadelphia: Tanner. 1836
Lewis University Go to Map


Mitchell’s Map of Illinois Exhibiting its Internal Improvements, Counties, Towns, Roads

Mitchell 1837
Lewis University Go to Map


Map of Illinois

Morse and Breese 1845
Go to Map


Map of Illinois

Colton 1856
Go to Map

Includes a more detailed inset map of the vicinity of Chicago.

Map of the State of Illinois

Philadelphia: Bowen 1866
Go to Map


County & Township Map of the State of Illinois

Mitchell: 1880
Go to Map

Includes an inset map for the vicinity of Springfield.

City of Chicago

Cook Co., Illinois. Henry Hart. 1853
Harvard UniversityGo to Map


Illinois Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

Chicago

Chicago: Braunhold & Sonne, 1857
Library of Congress Go to Map

“Birds eye” view not drawn to scale. It shows all the buildings in the city in high detail, with a key at the bottom identifying important buildings. [Trivia] It appears to be the map on the wall behind the Chicago Mayor’s desk in the TV series “Boss”.

Blanchard’s Guide Map of Chicago

Chicago. 1864
University of Illinois Go to Map


Springfield, Illinois 1867

Chicago Lithographing 1867
Library of CongressGo to Map

“Birds eye” view not drawn to scale. It shows all the buildings in the city and street names, with a key at the bottom identifying important buildings.

Illinois Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

Birds eye view of the Chicago packing houses & union stock yards

Chicago: Charles Rascher 1890
Collection Go to Map

Detailed drawing showing all the buildings and other areas in the Chicago stockyards in 1890. Many of the buildings are identified by their function and the company that operated there.

Bird’s eye view of the World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Rand McNally 1893
Library of Congress Go to Map

A detailed drawing providing an excellent view of all the buildings of the exposition.

Map of Black Hawk War

Rose. 1832
University of Illinois Go to Map


Interactive Map of Illinois County Formation History

Map of US.org
Go to Map

Scroll part-way down this webpage for the interactive online map, which shows the changing county borders over time, from 1790 to 1869. You can also see the county boundaries in each census year from 1810 to 1930.

Counties of Illinois: their Origin and Evolution, with Twenty-three Maps Showing the Original and the Present Boundary Lines of each County of the State

Springfield: State of Illinois 1941
Hughes, Edward J., comp.Go to Book


Railroad Maps of Illinois

Various publishers and years of publication
Illinois Digital Archives Go to Collection

39 State-wide maps of Illinois’ rail transportation network, published from the late 19th through the late 20th centuries.


Collections

Illinois Historical Maps and Atlases

Historic MapWorks
Go to Collection

According to the Historic MapWorks website, the State of Illinois collection contains 3,149 atlases spanning the years 1696-2007. Within the atlases are 191,165 historical maps, illustrations and histories.

Historical Maps Online

University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and University of Illinois Press
Go to Collection

The intent of the Historical Maps Online project is to electronically publish the images of maps charting the last 400 years of historical development in Illinois and the Northwest Territory.

Old Maps Online

Go to Collection

This is a collaborative portal for accessing a number of online map collections worldwide. U.S. collections include;
The David Rumsey Collection
Harvard Library Collection
New York Public Library Collection
Leventhal Map Center at Boston Public Library
North Carolina Digital Heritage Center

Illinois Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

60 Panoramic maps or Birds-eye views of various Illinois cities and towns

Various publishers and years of publication
Library of Congress Go to Collection

Many of these are highly detailed pictures showing all buildings. The viewer at this site enables high-resolution zooms.

Federal Township Plats of Illinois (1804-1891)

Illinois State Archives
Go to Collection

The Illinois State Archives digitized its 3,457 federal township plats of Illinois. These are hand drawn plats that show Illinois’ landscape as it was before American settlement as well as legal surveying measurements. Occasionally the plats indicate man-made features, both Indian and European. The U.S. Surveyor General and his deputy surveyors drew these maps of “six miles square” townships or fractional townships in preparation for the Federal government’s sale of public lands.


Gazetteers

A Gazetteer of the States of Illinois and Missouri, containing a general view of their counties, and a particular description of their towns, villages, rivers, &c: with a map, and other engravings

Albany: Webster. 1823
Beck, Lewis C.Go to Book


Gazetteer of Illinois, in Three Parts …

Philadelphia: Grigg & Elliot 1837
Peck, John Mason Go to Book

(title continued) ” …containing a general view of the State, a general view of each county, and a particular description of each town, settlement, stream, prairie, bottom, bluff, etc.; alphabetically arranged”


Illinois Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

Illinois State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1858 and 1859

Chicago: 1858
Hawes, George Go to Book


Rand, McNally & Co.’s Bird’s-eye Views and Guide to Chicago

Chicago: Rand, McNally 1893
Rand, McNally Go to Book

(title continued) ” … Indispensable to every visitor. Containing innumerable details of business and residence localities; the most charming drives, the various means of transportation, including routes t the exposition, depots, etc.; together with a complete directory of churches, clubs, hotels, cafes’ theaters, amusements, public buildings, parks, and monuments- a graphic description, in short, of every object of any interest in the city”



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