Century Past Biographies: G & H


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920 Biography G & H

Galileo, His Life and Work

Murray 1903
Fahie, J. J.Go to Book

DDC: Biography

Best biography of the great Florentine.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1904

Italy, Science, Astronomer, Renaissance, 17th century, ebooks free, European history

Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642)

Albert Gallatin (American Statesmen series)

Houghton, Mifflin 1886
Stevens, John Austin Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“Carefully prepared biography of the man who chiefly influenced United States financial policy during the first 30 years of national history.”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries : Biography Section (1927)

New York, Swiss-American, ethnologist, U.S. Senator, Secretary of Treasury, 19th century, online books free, American history

Gallatin, Albert (1761-1849)

Gambetta

Dodd 1920
Deschanel, Paul Eugene LouisGo to Book

DDC: Biography

The contents are In four parts: Before the war (1838-1870); The war (1870-1871); The national assembly and the establishment of the republic (1871-1875); The early stages of the parliamentary republic (1876-1882).
“Ex-President Deschanel writes with the blend of lucidity and enthusiasm characteristic of the best French political literature.”
“This volume is full-blooded and vital in every chapter and in every paragraph. It is no fulsome panegyric, no noisy advertisement, but a balanced and critical, a knowing and a sympathetic portrait.”
– The Book Review Digest

France, political leader, 19th century, free books, French history

Gambetta, Leon Michel (1838-1882)

Reminiscences of James A. Garfield

Cincinnati: Standard 1887
Fuller, Corydon E. Go to Book

(title continued) ” … with notes preliminary and collateral”

Garfield, James A., U.S. President (1831-1881)

William Lloyd Garrison. (American crisis biographies)

Macrae-Smith 1911
Swift, LindsayGo to Book

DDC: Biography

“A brief biography which throws little new light on either Garrison or the abolition movement, but presents a clearly outlined picture of the man and his times. Garrison, Letters and Memorials contains a biographical sketch, selected letters to contributors, characteristic editorials and essays, and a few poems, representing Garrison’s forty-one years as editor of The Nation.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

For biographies of people in the American abolition movement, see:
– Stowe, Harriet Beecher, Life of Harriet Beecher Stowe in Biographies & Memoirs in Ohio History
;
Coffin, Levi, Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, the Reputed President of the Underground Railroad in Biographies & Memoirs in Indiana History;
Washington, Booker Taliaferro, Frederick Douglass in Century Past Biographies: D, E & F;
Haviland, Laura S. , A Woman’s Life-Work in Biographies & Memoirs in Michigan History

Massachusetts, journalist, reformer, abolitionist, woman suffrage, 19th century, books online

Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879)

Paul Gauguin

Frank-Maurice 1921
Fletcher, John Gould Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“An interpretation of the life of this strange painter, whose mixed French, Spanish, and Peruvian ancestry seemed to destine him to a life of unconventionality and revolt. It traces his bohemian life in Paris, Brittany, and the South Seas, where he sought a refuge from the restraints and artificialities of modern life. Illustrations from Gauguin’s paintings. Will interest readers who were fascinated by Noa Noa (Adelphi 1919), Gauguin’s own account of his life in the South Sea Islands.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
“Within its small compass the author has contrived to include not only the salient features of Gauguin’s life, but a full exposition of Gauguin‘s ideas, showing their relation to the general ideas of his day, and an ample discussion of Gauguin’s art with its subtle relationships to the work of other great painters, past and present. The true story is an unhappy one. Gauguin had a rough savage nature; to most of his associates he must have seemed just such an inhuman and overbearing egoist as the novelist represents.”
“A straightforward and competent account of one of the least understood artists of his day.”
– The Book Review Digest

For works about other artists, see:
– Herrick, Francis Hobart, Audubon the Naturalist in Century Past Biographies: A & B
;
Downes, William Howe, The Life and Works of Winslow Homer in Century Past Biographies: G & H;
Trowbridge, John, Samuel Finley Breese Morse in Century Past Biographies: M, N & O;
Cary, Elisabeth Lather, The Rossettis: Dante Gabriel and Christina in Century Past Biographies: P, Q & R;
Harrison, Frederic, John Ruskin in Century Past Biographies: P, Q & R;
Gronau, Georg, Titian in Century Past Biographies: T, U & V;
Caffin, Charles Henry, American Masters of Painting, being Brief Appreciations of some American Painters in Century Past Collective Biographies – Authors A–F

France, painter, 19th century, art history, online book

Gauguin, Paul (1848-1903)

Life of Henry George

Doubleday 1900
George, Henry Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“A detailed biography of the political economist who advocated most strenuously the single tax movement, by his son. As a sailor before the mast, a typesetter, reporter, and editor of the San Francisco Times, he led a varied and active life.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

USA, writer, economist, “land-value tax”, “Progress and Poverty”, 19th century, free book, American history

George, Henry (1839-1897)

Geronimo’s story of his life

Duffield 1912
Barrett, S. M., ed. Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“The narrative of the fierce old chief’s bloody career in his struggle with the invading whites is a moving one, and is as full of exciting and picturesque incident as any of Cooper’s novels. It is told with that wealth of imagery for which the Indian is noted.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

American Southwest, Apache Indian, guerrilla fighter, 19th century, online book, western history

Geronimo, Apache Chief (1829-1909)

Life of William Ewart Gladstone

Macmillan
Morley, John MorleyGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

“A masterpiece of historical writing, in which the interest is absorbing, the authority indisputable, and the skill consummate.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
“A grand portraiture of a grand subject on a great scale, and in a worthy style. . . A biography which is, from the nature of the case, a ‘history of our times,’ as well as a life of their great protagonist. . . A faithful, skilful, and admirably developed account of the evolution of Mr Gladstone’s character and career …”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries : Biography Section (1927)

Great Britain, politician, Prime Minister, Liberal Party leader, 19th century, British history

Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-1898)

Goethe

Holt 1917
Thomas, Calvin Go to Book

DDC: Biography

The first chapters, about one half of the volume, sketch Goethe’s life. The remainder of the book is critical, with chapters devoted to: The philosopher; The evolutionist; The believer; The poet; The dramatist; The novelist; The critic; Faust.
“A very thoughtful and sympathetic study.”
“It is possible now for an American scholar to put aside the trivial and ephemeral and concentrate attention on those aspects of Goethe’s life and work that ‘belong to the ages.’ That is what Professor Thomas has done in this volume.”
– The Book Review Digest

German, author, poet, “Faust”, 18th century, 19th century, literature

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832)

Oliver Goldsmith, a biography

Putnam1912
Irving, Washington Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“One of the best biographies in the whole range of English literature—just, full, brilliant.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

Great Britain, Irish, author, “Vicar of Wakefield”, 18th century, literature, online book

Goldsmith, Oliver (1728-1774)

Charles George Gordon (English men of action)

Macmillan 1891
Butler, Sir William FrancisGo to Book

DDC: Biography

“The stirring record of “Chinese” Gordon’s adventurous and heroic life. This brief sketch recounts his activities and accomplishments in Crimea, China, Gravesend, and the Sudan.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
“Nothing in the record of half a century is so heroic as the death of Gordon, nothing is so full of the spirit of self-abnegation and devotion to mankind. … Sir William Butler was a friend, a brother soldier, and a member of the ‘too late’ relief expedition. . . . Above all he is in sympathy with the ideals and chivalrous thoughts that guided his hero. None can read this book without feeling that Gordon’s spirit inspires it.”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries : Biography Section (1927)

British, Army General, defense of Khartoum, 19th century, British history, free book

Gordon, Charles George (1833-1885)

Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant

Century 1909
Grant, F. D., ed. Go to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

“Grant’s simple record of his own life is a true classic. Covers his life to the close of the Civil War.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
When one considers that the writer was a man of action, altogether without experience in literary work, one is surprised at the remarkable skill with which the narrative is written. The sentences often have the same pithy directness and brevity that marked his despatches from the field of battle. As a general he mastered details but was not overwhelmed by them: so here, he sees the whole field and leads the reader easily along from one principal event to another. The native simplicity and lack of affectation so characteristic of the author are noticeable features of the work.”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries : Biography Section (1927)

For books on U.S. history in the late 19th century, see on this site: Section 973.8 Reconstruction Period on U.S. History; 1865 to 1920

For biographies of Civil War Generals, see:
– White, Henry Alexander, Robert E. Lee and the Southern Confederacy, 1807-1870 in Century Past Biographies: I, J, K & L
;
Sherman, William Tecumseh, Personal Memoirs in Century Past Biographies: S;
Johnston, Robert M., Leading American Soldiers in Century Past Collective Biography G – P;
Bradford, Gamaliel, Confederate portraits in Century Past Collective Biography A – F;
Bradford, Gamaliel, Union portraits in Century Past Collective Biography A – F

American, Civil War general, U.S. President, 19th century, American history

Grant, Ulysses Simpson, U. S. President (1822-1885)

A New England Boyhood and other bits of autobiography

Little 1905
Hale, Edward EverettGo to Book
DDC: Biography Y

Autobiography describing a boy’s life in Boston from 1826-35 and at Harvard for 4 following years. An excellent picture of Boston and vicinity at that time.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1904

Massachusetts, author, “Man without a Country”, 19th century, literature, free ebooks

Hale, Edward Everett (1822-1909)

The Conqueror; Being the True and Romantic Story of Alexander Hamilton

Macmillan 1902
Atherton, Gertrude FranklinGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Hamilton, Alexander (1757-1804)

Alexander Hamilton (American statesmen)

Houghton 1917
Lodge, Henry Cabot Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“Brings into strong relief the salient features of Hamilton’s character and work. Well adapted to kindle an intelligent interest in American history.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

New York, statesman, Secretary of Treasury, “Federalist Papers”, 18th century, American history

Hamilton, Alexander (1757-1804)

Hannibal, soldier, statesman, patriot; and the crisis of the struggle between Carthage and Rome (Heroes of nations)

Putnam 1897
Morris, William O’ConnorGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Carthage, army general, Italy campaign, 3rd century BC, ancient history, online free books

Hannibal (247-182? B.C.)

J. Keir Hardie, A Biography

Cassell 1921
Stewart, WilliamGo to Book

DDC: Biography

A Scottish coal miner from childhood, Hardie became a national labor leader and the first independent Labour Member of Parliament in the U.K., with a major role in forming the Labour Party.

Hardie, James Keir (1856-1915)

Warren G. Harding – The Man

Boston: Chapple 1920
Chapple, Joe MitchellGo to Book

Harding, Warren G., U.S. President (1865-1923)

Thomas Hardy, poet and novelist

Longmans 1921
Chew, Samuel Claggett Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“A thoughtful, comprehensive study of Hardy’s work, marked by modesty, good sense, knowledge and sympathy.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

British, author, poet, “Tess of the d’Urbervilles”, 19th century, literature, free book

Hardy, Thomas (1840-1928)

The Complete Journal of Townsend Harris; First American Consul General and Minister to Japan

Japan Society, NY 1930
Harris, TownsendGo to Book
DDC: Biography

Includes an Introduction, five journals spanning the period from May 1855 to February 1858, and appendices. Illustrated.

Harris, Townsend (1804-1878)

Life of Bret Harte, with some account of the California pioneers

Houghton 1911
Merwin, Henry ChildsGo to Book

DDC: Biography

“A detailed, authoritative biography, dealing less with Harte’s personality than with his work and the social and economic conditions under which it was produced. Full analyses of his style, vocabulary, verse forms and methods of work.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

American, author, editor, 19th century, literature, online book

Harte, Bret (1839-1902)

Nathaniel Hawthorne and his Wife

Houghton 1897
Hawthorne, JulianGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

“This standard life, by his son, is called by Richardson the best biography in America. Woodberry’s Nathaniel Hawthorne (1902) is a valuable appreciative criticism of his writings.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

Massachusetts, author, “The Scarlet Letter”, 19th century, literature, books free

Hawthorne, Nathaniel (1804-1864)

The Life of Rutherford Birchard Hayes

Boston: Houghton Mifflin 1914
Williams, Charles RichardGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

(title continued) ” … Nineteenth President of the United States”

Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, U.S. President (1822-1893)

In the Courts of Memory

Harper 1912
Hegermann-Lindencrone, Lillie deGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Delightfully spontaneous letters home describing with pleasant details the author’s social and musical life in Paris, the celebrities she met, among them Liszt, Auber, Gounod, Rossini, Merimee, Prince Metternich, etc., and her visits to the court of Napoleon. (Also see The Sunny Side of Diplomatic Life on this web page)
— A.L.A. Catalog 1912-1921

American, singer, diplomatic spouse, memoir, 19th century, history

Hegermann-Lindencrone, Lillie de (1844-1928)

The Sunny Side of Diplomatic Life

Harper 1914
Hegermann-Lindencrone, Lillie deGo to Book

DDC: Biography

The author continues her interesting account of life in Washington, Rome, Stockholm, Paris and Berlin from In the Courts of Memory (also on this web page).
— A.L.A. Catalog 1912-1921
Includes interesting intimate sketches, not only of royalty and the distinguished personages of her social world, but also of great musicians with whom she associated as a fellow artist.”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries : Biography Section (1927)

American, singer, diplomatic spouse, memoir, 19th century, history

Hegermann-Lindencrone, Lillie de (1844-1928)

Prince Henry the Navigator; the hero of Portugal and of modern discovery 1349-1460

Putnam 1895
Beazley, C. RaymondGo to Book

DDC: Biography

An account not only of the stirring events that characterized Prince Henry’s time, but of the centuries of preparation preceding.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1904

Portuguese, political leader, naval exploration, 15th century, European history

Henry the Navigator (1394-1460)

The True Patrick Henry

Lippincott 1907
Morgan, GeorgeGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Virginia, political leader, Revolutionary War, 18th century, US. history

Henry, Patrick (1736-1799)

Rhine Roamings

Lee and Shepard 1880
Hill, Lucy AnnGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Memoir of time spent in about 1850 as a teenager living in the mansion of a German widow with 5 other girls from various countries.

Hill, Lucy Ann (? – ?)

Life and letters of Oliver Wendell Holmes

Houghton 1897
Morse, John TorreyGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

“Letters full of wit, humor, and intimate revelations, connected by incriminating biographical narrative.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
“Taken together the memoir and the letters form a complete and most engaging literary portraiture,—one which the reader finishes with a gratified sense of having learned all that one needs to know, and has a right to know of the career and personality of the kindly ‘Autocrat.’ ”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries : Biography Section (1927)

Massachusetts, jurist, Supreme Court justice, 19th century, 20th century, Constitutional history

Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1809-1894)

The Life and works of Winslow Homer

Houghton 1911
Downes, William Howe Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“A very full and appreciative biography and descriptions of the larger number of his paintings, often with the circumstances attending their execution. Reproductions in sepia of over one hundred paintings and sketches.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

For works about other artists, see:
– Herrick, Francis Hobart, Audubon the Naturalist in Century Past Biographies: A & B
;
Fletcher, John Gould, Paul Gauguin in Century Past Biographies: G & H;
Trowbridge, John, Samuel Finley Breese Morse in Century Past Biographies: M, N & O;
Cary, Elisabeth Lather, The Rossettis: Dante Gabriel and Christina in Century Past Biographies: P, Q & R;
Harrison, Frederic, John Ruskin in Century Past Biographies: P, Q & R;
Gronau, Georg, Titian in Century Past Biographies: T, U & V;
Caffin, Charles Henry, American Masters of Painting, being Brief Appreciations of some American Painters in Century Past Collective Biographies – Authors A–F

Northeastern U.S., painter, 19th century, American art, books online free

Homer, Winslow (1836-1910)

The Intimate Papers of Colonel House Arranged as a Narrative

Houghton 1926
Seymour, Charles, ed.Go to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography


Colonel House was a close aide to President Woodrow Wilson, and these papers are about his years in the White House.
“This absorbing work ranks with those of Grey and Ludendorf as a war record indispensable to the future historian. It is perhaps more valuable than the others since it embraces a wider field.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
“Here is a unique book, full of astounding revelations. It reads like a romance written by an historical society. It is well-nigh incredible, yet it seems to be composed of the truth and nothing but the truth. More than any memoir that I have read since 1914 it perturbs my conceptions of history. I do not see what we can do with it except to read it; believe what it sets before us with adequate evidence; for the present, readjust our ideas of the political universe in accordance with it, and call for publication of the intimate papers of Woodrow Wilson.”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries : Biography Section (1927)

For background histories, see also on this site: U.S. History; 1865 to 1920

American, diplomat, memoir, aide to President Woodrow Wilson, 20th century, American history

House, Edward Mandell (1858-1938)


Wilson, Woodrow, U. S. President (1856-1924)

Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910

Houghton 1925
Richards, Laura Elizabeth Howe and othersGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

“Written by her three daughters, it shows the gifted author of the “Battle hymn of the republic” from her girlhood in New York through a long life of literary activity and connection with reform movements, revealing much of her wisdom and philosophy through quotations of her own words.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
“Mrs Howe’s daughters have wisely made of their two volumes practically an autobiographical record of their mother’s life. . . We have the story of her wonderful years told mainly by herself through the medium of letters or of intimate recollections from her birth in 1819 until her death in 1910. It is a story of infinite appeal.”
“The literary work qualifies it in view of the fame of its subject, to rank as a classic American biography.”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries : Biography Section (1927)

American, abolitionist, social activist, poet, “Battle Hymn of the Republic”, 19th century, U.S. history

Howe, Julia (Ward) (1819-1910)

Sam Houston and the War of Independence in Texas

Houghton 1893
Williams, Alfred MasonGo to Book

DDC: Biography

“Based on a study of Texan archives, extensive knowledge of existing works on the subject, and personal acquaintance with Texans who knew Houston.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

American, soldier, politician, Texas independence from Mexico, 19th century, American history

Houston, Samuel (1793-1863)

Life of Victor Hugo (Great writers)

Scott 1888
Marzials, Frank Thomas Go to Book

DDC: Biography

French, poet, author, “Les Miserables”, 19th century, Literature, books online

Hugo, Victor (1802-1885)

The Record of an Adventurous Life

Macmillan 1911
Hyndman, Henry MayersGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Hyndman was the first important British Marxist and very influential in the British socialist movement.

Hyndman, Henry Mayers (1842-1921)


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