Century Past Biographies: M, N & O


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920 Biography M, N & O

Sir John A. MacDonald (Makers of Canada)

Toronto: Morang 1910
Parkin, George R.Go to Book

DDC: Biography

A Scottish-born Canadian politician and father of Confederation who was the first Prime Minister of Canada. His political career spanned nearly half a century; 19 years as Prime Minister.
Chapter headings are:

1. Early life and training, 1815 to 1844
2. First ten years of political life, 1844 to 1854
3. The clergy reserves and Seigniorial Tenure – The Coalition of 1854 
4. Deadlock, 1854 to 1864
5. Coalition to carry Confederation, 1864 to 1865
6. The Birth of the Dominion, 1865 to 1867
7. First Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada, 1867 to 1872
8. The Washington Treaty, 1871
9. The General Election of 1872
10. The National Policy, 1873 to 1878
11. The Canadian Pacific Railway and the Northwest
12. Provincial rights
13. A long lease of Power, 1878 to 1891
14. The last election – Commercial union – Unrestricted reciprocity, 1891
15. Closing days – Contemporary estimates – Characteristics

annexation movement, Robert Baldwin, Lower Canadian institutions, Grand Trunk Railway, Upper Canada Conservatives, Montreal & Portland Railway, Intercolonial and Candadian Pacific Railways, Pacific scandal, Canadian history, Confederation of British provinces, Manitoba Bill, Joseph Cauchon, Pierre J. O. Chauveau, Civil code of Lower Canada, Constitution of 1791, Antoine Aime Dorion, Sir Louis Jette, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Manitoba School Law, Macdonald-Cartier alliance, North-West Rebellion, John MacDonald, Prime Minister MacDonald, Papineau, Parti National, Le Parti Catholique, Canadian Pacific Railway Incorporation Bill, seigniorial tenure, Poulett Thomson, Sir Charles Tupper, Union of Lower Canada, Denis Benjamin Viger

MacDonald, John Alexander (1815-1891)

Life and times of Niccolo Machiavelli

Unwin 1898
Villari, Pasquale Go to Book

DDC: Biography

Florentine historian and philosopher during the Renaissance. His masterpiece The Prince, an amoral guide to achieving and maintaining political power, is still widely read.
“A fascinating life of the great secretary of the Florentine republic which strives “to describe him as he really was, with all his merits and demerits, his vices and his virtues.” The biography proper is prefaced by some two hundred pages on the Renaissance. The work is based on original source material.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

Machiavelli, Niccolo (1469-1527)

Memoirs and letters of Dolly Madison, wife of James Madison, President of the United States

Houghton 1886
Madison, Dorothy PayneGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Letters written by the wife of the fourth president, a bright intelligent woman who took a lively interest in what was passing about her. Sprightly and entertaining, giving valuable accounts of important historical events. Short narrative statements by editor connect letters and explains allusions.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1904

history book, American history, U.S. history, history online, online books, free online books, Dolly Madison, First Lady Dolley Madison, free book, ebook, books online free, book, history, biographies, free online biographies, free biography, memoir, women in history, famous American women

Madison, Dolley Payne Todd (1768-1849)

James Madison (American statesmen)

Houghton 1884
Gay, Sydney HowardGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Study of the statesman and of the political movement in which he took part; critical and generous. From federalist standpoint; specially full on origin of federal convention.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1904
Chapter headings are:

1. The Virginia Madisons
2. The Young Statesman
3. In Congress
4. In the State Assembly
5. In the Virginia Legislature
6. Public Disturbances and Anxieties
7. The Constitutional Convention
8. “The Compromises”
9. Adoption of the Constitution
10. The First Congress
11. National Finances. – Slavery
12. Federalists and Republicans
13. French Politics
14. His Latest Years in Congress
15. At Home. – ” Resolutions of ’98 and ’99 ”
16. Secretary of State
17. The Embargo
18. Madison as President
19. “War with England
20. Conclusion

Alien and Sedition Laws, John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Fisher Ames, Bank of United States, Barbary States, Joel Barlow, Berlin decree, John C. Calhoun, George Canning, frigate Chesapeake, Henry Clay, De Witt Clinton, adoption of Constitution, Constitutional convention, threats of disunion, Lyman C. Draper, Oliver Ellsworth, Essex Junto, Federalists, Catherine Floyd, Benjamin Franklin, Philip Freneau, abolition of slavery, Albert Gallatin, Elbridge Gerry, Treaty of 1783, Monroe-Pinkney treaty, Alexander Hamilton, Hartford Convention, Patrick Henry, impressment of seamen, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, Kentucky resolutions, Shays’s Rebellion, religious liberty, man-of-war Leopard, Lewis and Clarke expedition, Little Belt, purchase of Louisiana, slave representation, slavery, Luther Martin, James Madison, President Madison, James Madison, George Mason, War of 1812, navigation of Mississippi, James Monroe, Governeur Morris, Robert Morris, Napoleon Bonaparte, George Nicholas, Non-importation Act, nullification, importation of slaves, Robert Peel, Charles C. Pinckney, William Pinkney, Potomac Company, Quakers, Josiah Quincy, Rambouillet decree, John Randolph, basis of representation in Congress, Federalist party, William C. Rives, Roger Sherman, debate on slavery, slave-trade, abolition of slave trade, Robert Smith, tariff, Dolly Todd, Dolly Madison, ratification of Constitution, gerrymandering, Daniel Webster, James Wilson, Frances Wright, free ebook, online biography

Madison, James Jr., U.S. President (1751-1836)

The Life of Ferdinand Magellan and the first circumnavigation of the globe, 1480-1521 (World’s great explorers and explorations)

Dodd 1890
Guillemard, Francis Henry Hill Go to Book

DDC: Biography

“Relates with spirit the heroic adventures of the first circumnavigator of the globe. Based on a critical study of all the sources accessible, printed and unprinted.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. Introductory
2. Early Life and Indian Service
3. Service with Albuquerque and in Morocco – Denaturalisation
4. Magellan’s Project and its Adoption by Charles V
5. Preparations for the Voyage
6. The Last Voyage. I. South-east America and the Mutiny in Port St. Julian
7. The Last Voyage. II. The Discovery of the Strait
8. The Last Voyage. III. The Passage of the Strait
9. The Last Voyage. IV. The Ladrones and the Philippine Islands
10. The Last Voyage. V. Battle of Mactan and Death of Magellan
11. The Last Voyage. VI. Arrival at the Moluccas and Return to Spain
12. The Last Voyage. VII. The Fate of the “Trinidad”
Appendices

Adrian of Utrecht, Affonso Albuquerque, Alexander VI, Dom Francisco Almeida, Juan de Aranda, Magellan’s Armada, astrolabes, Azamor expedition, Beatriz Barbosa, Diogo Barbosa, Antonio de Brito, Fonseca Burgos, Sebastian Cabot, Ferdinand Magellan, Sebastian del Cano, Juan de Cartagena, Joao Lopez Carvalho, cession of the Moluccas, Charles V, circumnavigators, explorers, Ferdinand Magellan, Antonio de Coca, Columbus, Casa de Contratacion, Alvaro de Costa, Francisco Faleiro, Estevao da Gama, Vasco da Gama, Visconde de Fonte Arcada, Christopher de Haro, Prince Henry, Joao II, line of demarcation, Dom Lourenco, Dom Manoel, nautical instruments, Antonio Pigafetta, Prester John, Prince Henry the Navigator, Diego Lopes de Sequeira, Francisco Serrao, Joao Serrao, Strait of Magellan, flagship Trinidad

Magellan, Ferdinand (d. 1521)

Horace Mann and the Common School Revival in the United States (Great Educators series)

Scribner 1898
Hinsdale, Burke A.Go to Book

DDC: Biography

Resume of prior history of elementary education in America and summary of results of Mann’s work.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1904
Chapter headings are:

1. Two Centuries of Common Schools
2. Horace Mann’s Forerunners
3. Horace Mann’s Schools and Schoolmasters
4. Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education
5. The Secretaryship in Outline
6. The Massachusetts Normal Schools
7. The Reports to the Board of Education
8. The Controversy with Boston Schoolmasters
9. The Controversy with Religious Sectaries
10. Mr. Mann a Member of Congress
11. Horace Mann President of Antioch College
12. Horace Mann’s Character and Work
13. The Progress of the Common School Revival
Bibliography

founding of Antioch College, Dr. Henry Barnard, American Journal of Education, Dr. Andrew Bell, J. G. Carter, The Shorter Catechism, The Christian Connection, George Combe, Common School Revival, general survey of common schools, Dame school, Horace Mann, Edmund Dwight, Dr. Timothy Dwight, free schools, The Common School Journal, The New England Primer, Edward A. Newton, Denison Olmstead, Pestalozzian, Phrenology, Prof. C. E. Stowe

Mann, Horace (1796-1859)

Father Marquette (Appleton’s Life Histories)

Appleton 1902
Thwaites, Reuben GoldGo to Book

DDC: Biography

A French Jesuit missionary to the Native American tribes of the present-day Upper Peninsula of Michigan. In 1673 he and explorer Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to discover and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River.
“The historian is thoroughly familiar with the facts concerning the Jesuit hero’s services as missionary and explorer of the Mississippi.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. Laon and the Marquettes
2. The Training of a Man of Action
3. Arrival in Canada
4. Two Years of Apprenticeship
5. The Indians and the Missions
6. Arrival at the Ottawa Mission
7. The Sault and its People
8. At La Pointe Mission
9. Lake Superior Abandoned
10. Arrival at Mackinac
11. A Strenuous Life
12. Joliet Arrives as Mackinac
13. The Expedition Starts
14. Arrival at De Pere
15. The Mission of St. Francois Xavier
16. At the Mascouten Village
17. Discovery of the Mississippi
18. The Limit of the Journey
19. A Winter at St. Francois Xavier
20. Relief in Death
21. Marquette’s Place in History

Also see:
Verwyst, Chrysostom, Missionary Labors of Fathers Marquette, Menard and Allouez, in the Lake Superior Region in Wisconsin Religious History;

Kellogg, Louise P., ed., “Last Voyage of Jacques Marquette 1674-1675” in Explorers and Travelers in Wisconsin History

Abenake Indians, Jesuits, Jesuit missionaries, fur trade, Algonkin Indians, Claude Jean Allouez, Louis Andre, Arkansas Indians, Black robe, Jesuit Relations, Samuel de Champlain, Chickasaw Indians, Cree Indians, copper mines on Lake Superior, Claude Dablon, Jesuit mission at DePere, Gabriel Druillettes, Five Nations, Fox Indians, Jacques Marquette, Father Jacques Marquette, Father Marquette, Louis de Buade Frontenac, Green Bay, Medard Chouart Groseilliers, Huron country, Illinois, Iroquuois Indians, Three Rivers mission, Ottawa mission, St. Ignace, Mackinac, Radisson and Groseilliers, Jean Baptiste de La Salle, Mackinac straits, Mascouten Indians, Rene Menard, Menomonee Indians, Miami Indians, Montagnais Indians, New France, Jean Nicolet, Northwest passage, Ojibwa Indians, Ottawa Indians, Pottawattomie Indians, Point St. Ignace, Quebec, Pierre Esprit Radisson, Sault de Ste. Marie, Sulpitian missionaries, voyageurs, Winnebago Indians

Marquette, Jacques (1637—1675)

The Life of John Marshall (4 volumes)

Houghton 1919-1922
Beveridge, Albert JeremiahGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2|Go to Vol 3|Go to Vol 4

DDC: Biography

Served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1801-1835, playing an important role in the development of the American legal system.
“A full and accurate biography, with historic background, well documented and based on wide research.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
“Among the great judicial cases which come up for treatment in the two volumes are the case of Marbury versus Madison, which established the right of the Supreme court to declare legislation unconstitutional, and the Burr conspiracy and trial which established the American law of treason.”
“Never before have the great Judicial decisions, through which Marshall molded American institutions in a way that changed our entire history, been so dramatically presented with their entire historical background.”
– The Book Review Digest
Chapter headings are:

Vol 1: Frontiersman, soldier, lawmaker, 1755-1788
1. Ancestry and Environment
2. A Frontier Education
3. A Soldier of the Revolution
4. Valley Forge and After
5. Marriage and Law Beginnings
6. In the Legislature and Council of State
7. Life of the People: Community Isolation
8. Popular Antagonism to Government
9. The Struggle for Ratification
10. In the Great Convention
11. The Supreme Debate
12. The Strategy of Victory
Appendix

Vol 2: Politician, diplomat, statesman, 1789-1801
1. Influence of the French Revolution on America
2. A Virginia Nationalist
3. Leading the Virginia Federalists
4. Washington’s Defender
5. The Man and the Lawyer
6. Envoy to France
7. Facing Talleyrand
8. The American Memorial
9. The Triumphant Return
10. Candidate for Congress
11. Independence in Congress
12. Chief Justice of the United States
Appendix

Vol 3: Conflict and construction, 1800-1915
1. Democracy Judiciary
2. The Assault on the Judiciary
3. Marbury versus Madison
4. Impeachment
5. Biographer
6. The Burr Conspiracy
7. The Capture and Arraignment
8. Administration versus Court
9. What is Treason?
10. Fraud and Contract
Appendix

Vol 4: The building of the nation, 1815-1835
1. The Period of Americanization
2. Marshall and Story
3. International Law
4. Financial and Moral Chaos
5. The Dartmouth College Case
6. Vitalizing the Constitution
7. The Threats of War
8. Commerce Made Free
9. The Supreme Conservative
10. The Final Conflict

Potowmack Company, Thomas Paine, Society of the Cincinnati, Shay’s Rebellion, Thomas Jefferson, Convention of 1788, George Mason, Anti-Constitutionalists, Edmund Pendleton, Light Horse Harry Lee, James Madison, Gouverneur Morris, Eleazer Oswald, French Revolution, Alexander Hamilton, Anti-Nationalist, implied powers, Whiskey Rebellion, Jay Treaty, Freemason, William Wirt, Talleyrand, Madame de Villette, Elbridge Gerry, Alien and Sedition laws, X. Y.Z. dispatches, John Randolph, Bankruptcy Law, campaign of 1800, Aaron Burr, trial of Matthew Lyon, trial of Thomas and Abijah Adams, Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, assault on the Judiciary, Federalist Judiciary Act of 1801, John Marshall, Chief Justice John Marshall, Senator John Breckenridge, secession, impeachment, trial of Judge Addison, biography of Washington, Parson Weems, Burr intrigues, Blennerhassett, trial of Burr, corruption of Georgia legislature, origins of War of 1812, Force Act, U.S. vs. Judge Peters, Oak Hill, Quoit Club, Joseph Story, Constitutional law, Fairfax estate, First Bank of the United States, Sturges vs. Crowninshield, Dartmouth College case, M’Culloch vs. Maryland, Tyranny Unmasked, internal improvements, protective tariff, Clermont steamboat, Gibbons vs. Ogden, Brown vs. Maryland, Worcester vs. Georgia, Hayne-Wesbster debate, nullification

Marshall, John (1755-1835)

Karl Marx, his life and work

Huebsch 1910
Spargo, JohnGo to Book

DDC: Biography

“The first adequate biography of the founder of socialism, presenting an admirably clear and on the whole unprejudiced, though sympathetic, survey of his life and labors.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. His Parents
2. Boyhood and Youth
3. The Young Hegelians
4. Journalism – Politics – Socialism
5. The Birth-cry of Modern Socialism
6. The “Communist Manifesto”
7. Crowing of the Gallican Cock
8. The Mother of Exiles
9. Domestic and Political Struggles
10. “Das Kapital”
11. The International Working Men’s Association
12. The International Working Men’s Association (continued)
13. The Last Phase
14. His Achievements

Michael Bakunin, Barthelmy, M. Maltman Barrie, Albert Brisbane, Gotha Programme, John Philip Becker, August Bebel, Ernest Belfort Bax, Bruno Bauer, Lothar Bucher, Etienne Cabet, George Eccarius, Commune of Paris, Chartism, Communist League, Minister of Education Eichhorn, Friedrich Engels, Communist Manifesto, Cooperative Societies, Charles Darwin, Helene Demuth, Deutsche-Franzosische Jahrbucher, Ludwig Feurerbach, Ferdinand Flocon, Francois Fourier, Karl Marx, Marxist, Franco-Prussian War, Ferdinand Freiligrath, Georg Herwegh, Moses Hess, Alexander Herzen, George Howell, Alexander von Humboldt, Wilhelm Fritzsche, Giuseppe Garibaldi, H. M. Hyndman, Revolution of 1848 William Gladstone, James Guillaume, The International, G. W. F. Hegel, Heinrich Heine, Ernest Jones, Herman Jung, Karl Kautsky, Gottfried Kinkel, Frederick Lessner, Wilhelm Liebknecht, L. Kugelmann, Ferdinand Lassalle, Eleanor Marx, Heinrich Marx, Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin, Jenny Marx, Karl Marx, post-Hegelian philosophy, critique of Political Economy, surplus value, Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, Laura Marx, Giuseppe Mazzini, Franz Mehring, Caesar de Paepe, Pierre Joseph Proudhon, Arnold Ruge, Feargus O’Connor, George Odger, Saint-Simon, Karl Schapper, Carl Schurz, ebooks, Wilhelm Weitling, Edgar von Westphalen, Jenny von Westphalen, David Strauss, trades unions, August von Willich, Universal German Workingmen’s Association, Young Hegelians

Marx, Karl (1818-1883)

Cotton Mather, The Puritan Priest

Dodd, Mead 1891
Wendell, BarrettGo to Book
DDC: Biography

From the series Makers of America.

The Life of William McKinley

Houghton 1916
Olcott, Charles Sumner Go to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

Ohio politician and governor who was U.S. President from 1897 until his assassination in September 1901.
“The official biography based on correspondence and memoranda, devoted primarily to his political career.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

Volume I
1. Ancestry and Environment
2. Boyhood Days
3. The Volunteer
4. The Lawyer
5. Courtship and Marriage
6. Early Political Campaigns
7. The Tariff
8. The Protectionist
9. The McKinley Bill
10. The Currency
11. Sectionalism
12. Other Congressional Affairs
13. A National Figure
14. Governor of Ohio
15. The Presidential Campaign
16. Choosing the Cabinet
17. The Inauguration
18. The Dingley Tariff
19. The Currency
20. Civil-Service Reform
21. The Isthmian Canal
22. Hawaii
23. Cuba

Volume II
24. Intervention
25. The Spanish-American War
26. The End of the War
27. A Wave of Criticism
28. The Peace Negotiations
29. The Making of the Philippines
30. The New Government in the Antilles
31. China
32. Renomination and Reelection
33. Looking Forward
34. The Tragedy at Buffalo
35. Conclusion
Appendix

For background histories, see also on this site: U.S. History; 1865 to 1920

Emilio Aguinaldo, Nelson W. Aldrich, Russell A. Alger, Duc d’ Almodovar del Rio, battle of Antietam, Chester A. Arthur, bimetallism, James G. Blaine, National Convention of 1884, the “Burchard” incident, Cornelius N. Bliss, the Boxers in China, John R. Brooke, William Jennings Bryan, free coinage of silver, Imperialism, Julius C. Burrows, John C. Calhoun, Jules Cambon, James E. Campbell, Canton OH, John G. Carlisle, free silver, Admiral Cervera, French E. Chadwick, Adna R. Chaffee, spoliation of China, Shantung, open door policy, relief of Peking, civil service reform, William McKinley, President McKinley, McKinley Administration, American System, Grover Cleveland, annexation of Hawaii, Edwin H. Conger, Boxer movement, Henry C. Corbin, George B. Cortelyou, revolt of Cuba, occupation of Cuba, intervention in Cuba, Shelby M. Cullom, Blaand-Allison Bill, Sherman Law, bonds payable in silver, Leon F. Czolgosz, Cushman K. Davis, Charles G. Dawes, William R. Day, Mills Tariff Bill, Gold Democrats, George Dewey, fleet at Manila, Nelson Dingley Jr., Hay-Pauncefote, Jonathan Dolliver, Charles W. Fairbanks, Maine incident, Joseph B. Foraker, Foraker Act, Porto Rico Tariff, William P. Frye, James Garfield, Baron von Ketteler shot, gold standard, Maximo Gomez, Ulysses S. Grant, Protective Tariff, Francis V. Greene, John W. Griggs, Marcus A. Hanna, Benjamin Harrison, McKinley Tariff, U.S. protectorate in Hawaii, Hawaii annexed, John Hay, Rutherford B. Hayes, greenback craze, Myron Herrick, George F. Hoar, Garret A. Hobart, Isthmian Canal, William D. Kelley, protectionists, Fitzhugh Lee, Miguel Lopez de Legaspe, Abraham Lincoln, Henry Cabot Lodge, John D. Long, Joseph McKenna, Helen McKinley, Ida Saxton McKinley, punishment of Boxers, U.S.S. Maine, Spanish fleet Manila, Roger Q. Mills, Tomas Estrada Palma, Boxers in Peking, Poland OH, campaign in Porto Rico, Thomas B. Reed, Whitelaw Reid, Theodore Roosevelt, Elihu Root, William T. Sampson, William R. Shafter, John Sherman, Silver Senators, Spanish-American War, victory at Manila, Sampson’s blockade of Santiago, Spanish fleet destroyed, John C. Spooner, William Howard Taft, Clay’s American System, Wood Bill, Count von Waldersee, General Weyler, General Wheeler, Leonard Wood, Stewart L. Woodford

McKinley, William, U. S. President (1843-1901)

Catherine de Medicis

Scribner 1922
Van Dyke, PaulGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

Italian noblewoman of the 16th century who became Queen of France.
“A biography that has all of the interesting qualities of good fiction, based on first-hand evidence. It makes no effort “to coincide with the popular belief in her extreme wickedness or to serve as a special pleader in maintaining the contrary.”
Bibliography (19p.)”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

Volume 1
1. Birth and Childhood
2. Marriage
3. Wife of the Heir Apparent
4. Queen of France
5. The First Taste of Real Power
6. Disaster and Sorrow
7. The Great European Convulsion
8. The Illegal Establishment of “the Reformed Church” in France
9. Under the Thumb of the Guise. The Conspiracy of Amboise. “The Huguenots”
10. Catherine Launches her Policy of Conciliation. The Conspiracy of Conde Puts the Guise again in Control
11. The Death of Francis II. Catherine Regent of France
12. Catherine Defends her Authority by Politics
13. Forming Factions. The Huguenots support Catherine, who favors them.
14. Riot and Murder. The Edict of January Legalizes the Reformed Worship
15. The Line Drawn for Civil War. Catherine between Guise and Conde
16. The First Civil War about Religion. Catherine the Peacemaker. The Huguenots Force the Peace of Amboise.
17. Peace and Politics. England and Spain
18. Catherine’s Plans for France and Christendom
19. The Interview of Bayonne and the Council of Trent
20. Feuds and Quarrels. Heresy in the Netherlands. Hatred and Suspicion of Spain
21. The Huguenots Renew Civil War. Their Army
22. Catherine Makes Peace. The Politiques. Catherine Renews Civil War

Volume II
23. The Third Civil War. The Guise again Influential
24. The Defeated Huguenots Win. The Fall of the Guise. Catherine’s Patronage of Letters and Art
25. Catherine the Matchmaker
26. Catherine’s Children Grow Restive under her Control
27. Catherine Defends her Influence by the Massacre of St. Bartholomew
28. Catherine’s Web of Diplomatic Falsehoods and the World’s Opinions
29. “The Catherine Legend.” Her Youngest Son becomes a Traitor
30. The Crown of Poland and Catherine’s Grandiose Plans for the Family
31. A Brothers’ Quarrel. The La Mole Conspiracy. The King’s Death
32. Catherine again Regent. The New King returns from Poland
33. Family Hatreds. The King’s Brother Heads Revolt. Catherine Reconciles her Sons
34. Catherine Brings Pressure on Spain. Beginnings of “The Holy League”
35. The Estates General Orthodox. The Huguenots again Compel Toleration
36. The Character and Policy of Henry III. Catherine Struggles Vainly against the Jealousies of her Children
37. Catherine’s Journeys of Pacification
38. The Great Matchmaker again at Work. The Salcede Conspiracy Prophesies a New Danger
39. Catherine and her Children’s Folly. The Treachery of her Younger Son. Margaret and her Husband. The King and his “Mignons”
40. The Death of Anjou Leaves a Huguenot Heir-Apparent. Henry of Guise Conspires with Spain. Catherine Makes with him the Peace of Nemours
41. The Holy League Forces Civil War against the Huguenots. Catherine’s Vain Efforts for Peace. The King Takes the Field
42. Catherine again Regent. Her Personal Affairs
43. Guise made “King of Paris” by “The Barricades.” Catherine Ambassadress for her Fleeing Son
44. Catherine’s Fall from Power. The Duel between Guise and the King. Catherine’s Death
Bibliography

Catherine de Medicis, Queen of Henry II, King of France (1519-1589)

Herman Melville, mariner and mystic

Doran 1921
Weaver, Raymond MelbourneGo to Book

DDC: Biography

“Herman Melville, 1819-1891, the literary discoverer of the South seas, spent his youth and early manhood in the forecastle of a merchant-man, on Whalers and a man-of-war, and lived for four months among the cannibals of the Marquesas. All his best known books, including “Typee,” “Omoo” and “Moby Dick” were written before he was thirty-two and at the time received little recognition. The rest of his long life was lived in obscurity, his last thirty years in New York city. This long period, on which his biography has little data, is disposed of in the concluding chapter “The long quietus.” The early part of his life is treated with considerable detail.”
“Mr Weaver has done his work with enthusiasm, with ample materials at his command, and with a healthy consciousness of its importance. Here is God’s plenty for readers and lovers of Melville. . . Given this biography and Melville’s works, we have the man, vigorous, observant, eloquent, but torn by unending speculations, baffled by sad defeats. To him all those will turn who love the tingle and tang of life yet who do not fear to think.”
– The Book Review Digest
Chapter headings are:

1. Devil’s Advocate
2. Ghosts
3. Parents and Early Years
4. A Substitute for Pistol and Ball
5. Discoveries on Two Continents
6. Pedagogy, Pugilism and Letters
7. Blubber and Mysticism
8. Leviathan
9. The Pacific
10. Man-Eating Epicures – The Marquesas
11. Mutiny and Missionaries – Tahiti
12. On Board a Man-of-War
13. Into the Racing Tide
14. Across the Atlantic Again
15. A Neighbour of Hawthorne’s
16. The Great Refusal
17. The Long Quietus

The Acushnet, Captain Ahab, Richard Bentley, Billy Budd, The Bounty, Sir Thomas Browne, Thomas Carlyle, Jack Chase, Clarel, The Confidence Man, Joseph Conrad, Captain James Cook, James Fenimore Cooper, George Duyckinck, The Daedalus, Richard Henry Dana, Dante, The Duff, Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Encantadas, Fayaway, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Julian Hawthorne, The Highlander, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Ishmael, Israel Potter, The Julia, The Leviathan, Liverpool, London Missionary Society, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Doctor Long Ghost, James Russell Lowell, Mardi, Marquesas Islands, Allan Melville, Elizabeth Shaw Melville, Gansevoort Melville, Malcolm Melville, online books, free online biography, Herman Melville, John Milton, Moby Dick, Moby-Dick, New Bedford, Nantucket, Omoo, Nukuheva, The Pequod, Piazza Tales, Pierre, Pittsfield, Redburn, The Reine Blanche, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Sir Walter Scott, South Seas, Robert Louis Stevenson, Tahiti, Toby, Typee, White-Jacket

Melville, Herman (1819-1891)

Milton (English men of letters)

Macmillan 1919
Pattison, Mark Go to Book

DDC: Biography

An English poet, man of letters and civil servant of the 17th century who is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost.
“An able monograph, invaluable to students of Milton and his times.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

First Period. 1608-1639.
1. Family – School – College
2. Residence at Horton – L’Allegro – Il Penseroso – Arcades – Comus – Lycidas
3. Journey to Italy

Second Period. 1640-1660.
4. Educational Theory – Teaching
5. Marriage and pamphlet on Divorce
6. Pamphlets
7. Biographical. 1640-1649
8. The Latin Secretaryship
9. Milton and Salmasius – Blindness
10. Milton and Morus – The Second Defence – The Defence for Himself
11. Latin Secretaryship comes to an End – Milton’s Friends

Third Period. 1660-1674.
12. Biographical – Literary Occupation – Religious Opinions
13. Paradise Lost – Paradise Regained – Samson Agonistes

Milton, John (1608-1674)

James Monroe (American statesmen)

Houghton 1917
Gilman, Daniel CoitGo to Book

DDC: Biography

A Virginia veteran of the Revolutionary War who was elected to the new U.S. Senate in 1790 and later served as Secretaries of War and State prior to becoming U.S. President (1817-1825).
“A short, simple account of the most important events in Monroe’s life. Contains a thorough bibliography of Monroe and the Monroe doctrine.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

Annals of Monroe’s Life
1. Student and Soldier
2. Legislator and Governor of Virginia
3. Envoy in France
4. Envoy in France, Spain, and England
5. Secretary of State and of War
6. President of the United States
7. The Monroe Doctrine
8. Synopsis of Monroe’s Presidential Messages
9. Personal Aspect and Domestic Relations
10. Retrospect. – Reputation
Appendix

John Adams, John Quincy Adams, annexation of Florida, Spanish colonies, Monroe doctrine, John Armstrong, Battle of Bladensburg, Napoleon Bonaparte, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Articles of Confederation, Mississippi navigation, Seminole affair, Minister to France, William H. Crawford, William Eustis, War of 1812, Albert Gallatin, Samuel L. Gouverneur, Alexander Hamilton, internal improvements, Andrew Jackson, John Jay, Jay treaty, Thomas Jefferson, President Jefferson, Louisiana purchase, Rufus King, Eliza Kortwright, Marquis de Lafayette, Richard Henry Lee, Robert R. Livingston, John T. McLean, James Monroe, President Monroe, James Madison, President Madison, Barbe Marbois, John Marshall, George Mason, Northwest Territory, Cumberland Road bill, Missouri Compromise, spanish colonies, Gouverneur Morris, Charles C. Pinckney, William Pinkney, Edmund Randolph, John Randolph, Richard Rush, Seminole war, Prince Talleyrand, Virginia governor, Elihu B. Washburne, George Washington, Constitutional Convention, William Wirt, General William H. Winder

Monroe, James, U. S. President (1758-1831)

Recollections of a Rebel Reefer

Houghton 1917
Morgan, James MorrisGo to Book

DDC: Biography

“A humorous and zestful narrative of the events of an unusually varied life. Colonel Morgan was a fifteen year-old midshipman on a Confederate raider, was an officer in the army of the Khedive of Egypt, lived in South Carolina during reconstruction days, and visited Mexico, Australia and Panama in different capacities.”
“Few men could possibly set down such a record of their activities as this book affords. Not every man would care to tell so freely all his escapades as Mr Morgan has told his. Taken as a whole, his story may not inspire the reader to nobler ambitions or a loftier purpose, but it is a positive change from the customary ‘Recollections’ and ‘Reminiscences’ that so many have written, and it reads almost like a romance.”
“Throughout Mr Morgan enlivens his book by witty anecdotes mostly concerning persons famous during the Civil war.”
– The Book Review Digest

Morgan, James Morris (1845-1928)

Gouverneur Morris (American Statesmen series)

Houghton, Mifflin 1891
Roosevelt, TheodoreGo to Book

DDC: Biography

American statesman and Founding Father, who authored sections of the U.S. Constitution.
“Outline sketch, vivid enough to make the man comprehensible and to offer a lively view of his habits, tendencies, deeds and thoughts. Some new material and many anecdotes.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. His Youth: Colonial New York
2. The Outbreak of the Revolution: Morris in the Provincial Congress
3. Independence: Forming the State Constitution
4. In the Continental Congress
5. Finances: The Treaty of Peace
6. The Formation of the national Constitution
7. First Stay in France
8. Life in Paris
9. Mission to England: Return to Paris
10. Minister to France
11. Stay in Europe
12. Service in the United States Senate
13. The Northern Disunion Movement among the Federalists

Morris, Gouverneur (1752-1816)

William Morris, his work and influence

Holt 1914
Clutton-Brock, Arthur Go to Book

DDC: Biography

An English poet, activist and designer who was influential in the arts as well as the socialist reform movement of late-19th century England.
“A good short biography treating of his life, friends, interests and activities in literature, craftsmanship and socialism.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. Introduction
2. Childhood and Youth
3. The Influence of Rossetti
4. The Founding of the Firm
5. Morris as a Romantic Poet
6. The Revival of Arts and Crafts
7. The Sagas and ‘Sigurd’
8. Morris as a Socialist
9. The Prose Romances and Later Poems
10. Last Years and Character
11. The Ideas of William Morris
Note on Books

Morris, William (1834-1896)

Samuel Finley Breese Morse (Beacon biographies of eminent Americans)

Small 1901
Trowbridge, JohnGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Best known as an inventor (i.e. of the telegraph) he was also one of the most notable American painters of his time.

For works about other artists, see:
– Herrick, Francis Hobart, Audubon the Naturalist in Century Past Biographies: A & B
;
Fletcher, John Gould, Paul Gauguin in Century Past Biographies: G & H;
Downes, William Howe, The Life and Works of Winslow Homer in Century Past Biographies: G & H;
Cary, Elisabeth Lather, The Rossettis: Dante Gabriel and Christina in Century Past Biographies: P, Q & R;
Harrison, Frederic, John Ruskin in Century Past Biographies: P, Q & R;
Gronau, Georg, Titian in Century Past Biographies: T, U & V;
Caffin, Charles Henry, American Masters of Painting, being Brief Appreciations of some American Painters in Century Past Collective Biographies – Authors A–F

Morse, Samuel Finley Breese (1791-1872)

The Letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1769-1791)

Hurd 1866
Wallace, Grace, LadyGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

A child prodigy as a musician in mid-18th century Austria, he became one of the greatest classical composers before dying at the age of 35.
“Letters written with the wit, charm and characteristic energy of the master.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

Mozart, Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)

The Story of my Boyhood and Youth

Houghton 1913
Muir, John Go to Book

DDC: Biography

A naturalist who became a founder of the movement to preserve wilderness areas in the U.S.
“A notable piece of autobiographic writing. The story of an unusually interesting boyhood and youth told with an energy and an eye for the diverting and significant that distinguish it at once from the slipshod garrulity of most books of the kind. The first fifty pages are devoted to the author’s boyhood in Dunbar, beside the North sea. At the age of eleven he accompanied his family to Wisconsin, and the chapters that form the bulk of the volume describe the joys of those early days in a new land.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. A Boyhood in Scotland
2. A New World
3. Life on a Wisconsin Farm
4. A Paradise of Birds
5. Young Hunters
6. The Ploughboy
7. Knowledge and Inventions
8. The World and the University

Muir, John (1838-1914)

Napoleon the First

Holt 1903
Fournier, AugustGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Rose to prominence as a military leader during the French Revolution, becoming Emperor of the French, 1804-1815. He led French armies to numerous victories, conquering much of continental Europe before his final defeat at Waterloo.
“One of the more important of the shorter biographies; based on thorough research, and giving a good view of the general historical situation.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. The Bonapartes in Corsica. Napoleon’s Birth and Early Training, 1769-1788
2. The Revolution. Napoleon’s Corsican Adventures, 1789-1793
3. The Siege of Toulon, and the Defense of the Convention, 1793-1795
4. Josephine, 1796
5. The Campaigns in Italy and the Peace of Campo Formio, 1796-1797
6. Egypt, 1798-1799
7. The Coup d’état and the Consulate, 1799
8. War and Peace, 1800-1802
9. The New France and her Sovereign, 1802
10. The Last Years of the Consulate. The Emperor, 1802-1804
11. The War of 1805
12. Napoleonic Creations. Breach with Prussia, 1806
13. From Jena to Tilsit, 1806-1807
14. The Situation of Affairs in France. Bayonne and Erfurt, 1808
15. The Campaigns in Spain and Austria. Marie Louise, 1808-1810
16. At the Zenith, 1810-1812
17. Moscow, 1812
18. Leipzig, 1813
19. Elba, 1814
20. Waterloo, 1815
21. St. Helena, 1815-1821
Bibliography

Napoleon I, Emperor of the French (1769-1821)

The Rise of Louis Napoleon

Longmans 1909
Simpson, Frederick Arthur Go to Book

DDC: Biography

A nephew of Napoleon I, he led France as President and then as Emperor, 1848-1870.
“A realistic, authoritative account of the first forty years of Louis Napoleon’s dramatic life, from his birth to his election as President of the French assembly. Louis Napoleon and the recovery of France continues the record of this fascinating career.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. The Birth of the Napoleonic Legend
2. The Birth of Louis Napoleon
3. Exile and Education
4. The First Attempt to Deliver Italy
5. Louis Napoleon a Political Apprentice
6. The First Claim to the Inheritance
7. Louis Napoleon a Political Pretender
8. The Second Claim to the Inheritance
9. Louis Napoleon a Political Prisoner
10. Louis Napoleon Regains his Liberty
11. Louis Napoleon Regains his Citizenship
12. After Many Days
Appendix A
Appendix B

Napoleon III, Emperor of the French (1808-1873)

Louis Napoleon and the recovery of France

Longmans 1923
Simpson, Frederick Arthur Go to Book

DDC: Biography

The sequel to Frederick Simpson’s Rise of Louis Napoleon.
Chapter headings are:

1. False Dawn
2. The Gordian Knot
3. The Road to Rome
4. Attempted Unravelment
5. Cutting the Cords
6. The Empire and the Empress
7. The Sowers
8. The Reapers
9. The Aftermath
10. The Prince and the Peace
Bibliography

return from Elba, Napoleonic Legend, Napoleon at St. Helena, triumph of Meternich, the Reaction, King Louis of Holland, Queen Hortense, banishment of Hortense, July Revolution, Louis Philippe, the Bonaparte family, death of Pius VIII, Italian Nationalists, Revolt of Bologna, Escape from Ancona, Talleyrand, Strasburg insurrection, Louis Napoleon as Pretender, arrival in America, the Eastern Question, sentenced to imprisonment, fortress of Ham, July Monarchy, Guizot’s administration, National Convention, Cavaignac’s dictatorship, intervention of Lamartine, Prince Albert, Crimean War, Odilon Barrot, Earl of Aberdeen, Alexander I, General Canrobert, Camillo Benso Cavour, Comte de Chambord, General Chanarnier, Earl of Clarendon, Empress Eugenie, Comte de Falloux, the coup d’etat, Louis Kossuth, King Louis Philippe, Napoleon, Count de Montalembert, Prince A. S. Menschikoff, Marseilles, Orleanists, Suez Canal, Czar Nicholas I, Viscount Palmerston, The Extinction of Pauperism, Danubian Principalities, Baron Seebach, Louis Adolphe Thiers, Alexis de Tocqueville, Marquis de Turgot, Victor Emmanuel II, Queen Victoria, Congress of Vienna, Count A. Walewski

Napoleon III, Emperor of the French (1808-1873)

Life of Nelson, the embodiment of the sea power of Great Britain

Little 1918
Mahan, Alfred ThayerGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Vice Admiral in the British Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars at the beginning of the 19th century, where he became Great Britain’s greatest naval hero.
“Formerly an officer in the United States navy, the writer became, after his retirement, an authority in naval history. His exposition of Nelson the seaman in this work is unequaled.”
“An authoritative biography which treats with full competence the three aspects involved: personal, professional and political. It makes Nelson describe himself as far as possible, and tell the story of his own inner life as well as of his external actions.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926

Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount (1758-1805)

Life of John Henry, Cardinal Newman, based on his Private Journals and Correspondence

Longmans 1912
Ward, Wilfrid PhilipGo to Book|Go to Book

DDC: Biography

An Anglican priest who converted to Catholicism in 1845, and was eventually made a Cardinal by the Pope for his service to the Catholic Church.
“A careful selection from original sources makes the work almost autobiography while the admirable introduction prepares the reader for the treatment of Newman not only as an ecclesiast but as a writer, thinker and a force in the intellectual life of England.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

Volume I
1. Introductory
2. Life in the Church of England (1801-1845)
3. Last Days at Littlemore (1845-1846)
4. Maryvale (1846)
5. Milan and Rome (1845-1846)
6. The Oratorian Noviciate (1846-1847)
7. The English Oratory (1848-1850)
8. The King William Street Lectures (1850)
9. The Papal Aggression (1850-1851)
10. The Achilli Trial (1851-1853)
11. The Catholic University of Ireland (1851-1854)
12. Progress of the university (1855-1857)
13. University Lectures (1854-1858)
14. New Undertakings (1857-1859)
15. Liberal Catholicism
16. Catholic Reviews (1858-1859)
17. The ‘Rambler’ and Rome (1859-1862)
18. ‘The Home and Foreign Review’ (1862-1864)
19. Sad Days (1859-1864)
Pedigree
Appendices

Volume II
20. The Writing of the ‘Apologia’ (1864)
221. Catholics at Oxford (1864-1865)
22. A New Archbishop (1865-1866)
23. The ‘Eirenicon’ (1865-1866)
24. Oxford Again (1866-1867)
25. The Appeal to Rome (1867)
26. The Deadlock in Higher Education (1867)
27. Papal Infallibility (1867-1868)
28. ‘The Grammar of Assent’
29. The Vatican Council (1869-1870)
30. Life at the Oratory
31. After the Council (1871-1874)
32. The Gladstone Controversy (1874-1878)
33. The Cardinalate (1879)
34. Final Tasks (1880-1886)
35. Last Years (1881-1890)
Appendices

Newman, John Henry, Cardinal (1801-1890)

Life of Florence Nightingale

Macmillan 1905
Tooley, Sarah A. (Southall)Go to Book

DDC: Biography

A founder of the nursing profession, Nightingale came to prominence when she organized medical care for British soldiers during the Crimean war of the 1850s.
“An enthusiastic biography, giving a full account of Miss Nightingale’s training, work in the Crimea, and of her life, friendships and literary work to 1905.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. Birth and Ancestry
2. Earliest Associations
3. Lea Hurst
4. The Days of Childhood
5. The Squire’s Daughter
6. Florence Nightingale’s Alma Mater and its Founder
7. Enters Kaiserswerth: A Plea for Deaconesses
8. A Period of Waiting
9. Sidney, Lord Herbert of Lea
10. The Crimean War and Call to Service
11. Preparation and Departure for Scutari
12. The Lady-in-Chief
13. At Work in the Barrack Hospital
14. Grappling with Cholera and Fever
15. Timely Help
16. The Angel of Death
17. Sails for the Crimea and goes under Fire
18. Stricken by Fever
19. Close of the War
20. The Return of the Heroine
21. The Soldier’s Friend at Home
22. Wisdom from the Queen of Nurses
23. The Nursing of the Sick Poor
24. Later Years
25. At Eventide

Nightingale, Florence (1820-1910)

Daniel O’Connell and the revival of national life in Ireland (Heroes of nations)

Putnam 1900
Dunlop, RobertGo to Book

DDC: Biography

Irish political leader in the early 19th century who worked for Irish independence from Great Britain and for equal rights for Catholics.
Expansion of article in Dictionary of national biography; contains an account of O’Connell’s public career, relation to Catholic association 1823-25, Thomas Drummond, repeal agitation, etc. from sympathetic point of view.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1904
Chapter headings are:

1. Early Life and Marriage (1775-1802)
2. Ireland after the Union (1803-1812)
3. Parliament and the Catholic Claims (1812-1813)
4. In Defense of the Liberty of the Press (1813)
5. Duels and Disappointments (1814-1820)
6. The King’s Visit (1821-1822)
7. Foundation of the Catholic Association (1823-1824)
8. The Attack on the Catholic Association (1824-1825)
9. The Awakening of the Nation (1825-1828)
10. Emancipation (1828-1829)
11. Parliamentary Reform and Tithes (1830-1832)
12. Whigs and Coercion (1832-1835)
13. Ireland under Thomas Drummond (1835-1840)
14. Repeal Agitation (1840-1843)
15. Collapse of the Repeal Agitation (1843-1847)

O’Connell, Daniel (1775-1847)

Robert Owen

Appleton 1907
Podmore, FrankGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2

DDC: Biography

He grew rich managing textile mills in England at the beginning of the 19th century. He then dedicated his efforts and his fortune to social reform, founding a model community at New Harmony, Indiana.
“A well balanced biography, of interest to students of present social conditions. Contains a good account of the settlement at New Harmony, Indiana.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

Volume I
1. Boyhood
2. The Industrial Revolution
3. Life in Manchester
4. The Factory System
5. New Lanark
6. A New View of Society
7. The New Lanark Schools
8. New Lanark (continued)
9. The First Factory Act
10. For the Unemployed
11. 1817-1819
12. Report to the County of Lanark
13. New Harmony
14. The End of New Harmony

Volume II
15. Orbiston
16. Early Co-operators
17. Labour Exchanges
18. Trade Unions and Reforms
19. Redeunt Saturnia Regna
20. The New Moral World
21. The Holy War
22. Queenwood
23. 1848
25. Last Days
26. Conclusion

Also see: Bakken, Dawn E., “A Full Supply of the Necessaries and Comforts of Life”: The Owenite Community of Blue Spring, Indiana ,
– Bestor, Arthur E., Education and Reform at New Harmony: Correspondence of William Maclure and Marie Duclos Fretageot, 1820-1833 ,
– Lockwood, George B., The New Harmony Movement, all in Indiana Social History

Owen, Robert (1771-1858)


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