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970 General history of North America

Basis of American History 1500-1900

NY: Harper & Brothers 1904
Farrand, LivingstonGo to Book
DDC: 970

Vol 2 in the series The American Nation: A History. Chapter headings:

1. General Physiography of North America (1500-1900)
2. Waterways, Portages, Trails, and Mountain-Passes (1500-1800)
3. Timber and Agricultural Products of North America (1500-1900)
4. Animal Life of North America (1500-1900)
5. Antiquity of Man in North America
6. Classification and Distribution of the American Indians (1500-1900)
7. The Eskimo and the North Pacific Indians (1500-1900)
8. Indians of the Northern Interior and of the Lower Pacific Coast (1800-1900)
9. The Indians of the Great Plains (1700-1900)
10. Northern Tribes of the Eastern Woodlands (1600-1900)
11. Southern Tribes of the Eastern Woodlands (1600-1900)
12. Indian Tribes of the Eastern Woodlands (1600-1900)
13. Social Organization of the Indians (1500-1900)
14. Indian Houses, House Life, and Food Quest (1500-1900)
15. Indian Industrial Life and Warfare (1500-1900)
16. Indian Religion, Mythology, and Art (1500-1900)
17. Character and Future of the Indians (1904)
18. Critical Essay on Authorities

History of the New World called America

Oxford: Clarendon 1892
Payne, Edward John Go to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2
DDC: 970

Narrative and Critical History of America (8 vols)

Houghton, Mifflin 1889
Winsor, JustinVol 1|Vol 2|Vol 3|Vol 4|Vol 5|Vol 6 Part 1|Vol 6 Part 2

Vol 7 Part 1|Vol 7 Part 2|Vol 8 Part 1|Vol 8 Part 2


DDC: 970

Each volume has about nine chapters by different historians. Most chapters are followed by “Critical Essays”, about sources of information. Volume titles are:

Vol 1 – Aboriginal America
Vol 2 – Spanish Explorations and Settlements in America from the Fifteenth to the Seventeenth Century
Vol 3 – English Explorations and Settlements in North America 1497-1689
Vol 4 – French Explorations and Settlements in North America and those of the Portuguese, Dutch, and Swedes 1500-1700
Vol 5 – The English and French in North America 1689-1763
Vol 6 – The United States of North America Part I
Vol 7 – The United States of North America Part II
Vol 8 – The Later History of British, Spanish and Portuguese America

970.1 Indians of North America

The Indian in Early American Literature

Boston: Boston University 1941
Carney, Ruth Arline Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

A Master’s Thesis.

North American Indians (2 Volumes)

Catlin, GeorgeGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2
DDC: 970.1

(subtitle) “Being Letters and Notes on their Manners, Customs, and Condition, Written during Eight Years’ Travel amongst the Wildest Tribes of Indians in North America, 1832-1839”
These were first published in 1841. The two volumes featured here are from later editions, with color illustrations. Together they contain 58 letters, three appendices, and 180 plates.

Also useful is: Encyclopedias, Encyclopedia Guides & Year Books
Buy the print version (2 vols in 1): North American Indians (Penguin Classics)

Snow Bird and the Water Tiger and other American Indian Tales

NY: Dodd, Mead 1895
Compton, MargaretGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Buy the print version: Snow Bird and the Water Tiger and Other American Indian Tales

Desert Drums; the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico 1540-1928

Crane, Leo Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

“Mr Crane has been agent for the government on four Indian reservations. . . The present volume, which is a history of the Pueblo Indian of New Mexico from 1540 to 1928, contains many interesting and amusing reminiscences from his own experiences. Book Review Digest
” ‘Desert Drums’ is a splendid picture of the New Mexican Pueblos, a picture painted skillfully upon the background of almost four centuries of history. . . Mr. Crane’s style is vivid and forceful. His narrative is frequently flavored with
episodes drawn from his rich store of personal experience.” Nation
— Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History (H.W. Wilson) 1929
Chapter headings are:

1. The Pioneer Official, James S. Calhoun
2. The City of the Holy Faith
3. Laguna: on the Feast of San Jose
4. Laguna: the Landed Proprietors
5. The Man in the Golden Helmet
6. Chauffeurs and Colonists
7. A Mystery at Acoma
8. Christmas Revels
9. Conquistadors!
10. The Crusader
11. The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico
12. “Infernal Affairs”
13. Friends at Court
14. The Riddle, the Bunk, and the Bursum Bill
15. The People of the Little Island
16. Legends and Leases
17. The Indian who Got Away
18. “Manana, and Manana, and Manana”

Pueblo Indians, Pueblo tribe, Pueblo history, New Mexico Native Americans, Native American culture, free online books

Buy the print version: Desert Drums: The Pueblo Indians Of New Mexico 1540-1928

Indians of the Enchanted Desert

Crane, Leo Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

An entertaining account of the problems of an Indian agent who lived more than a decade among the Navaho and Hopi Indians of Arizona. The Indian lore and Indian characters are full of life. The book is colored by bitter criticism of the methods of the Indian bureau.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. Nolens Volens
2. Across the Plains
3. Into “Indian Country”
4. Old Trails and Desert Fare
5. Desert Life and Literature
6. A Northern Wonderland
7. The First Ball of the Season
8. Old Oraibi
9. The Making and Breaking of Chiefs
10. The Provinces of the “Mohoce or Mohoqui”
11. The Law of the Realm
12. Comments and Complaints
13. A Desert Vendee
14. Soldiers, Indians, and Schools
15. An Echo of the Dawn-Men
16. Fiddles and Drums
17. Service Tradition
18. Buttons and Bonds
19. Our Friends, the Tourists
20. The Great Snake-Ceremony
21. Desert Belascos
22. On the Heels of Adventure
23. The Red Bootleggers
24. Held for Ransom
25. Wanted at Court
26. Hopi Annals
27. L’Envoi

Navajo Indians, Hopi Indians, Navaho, Hopi, Arizona Native Americans, Indian bureau, Native American folklore, online book

The North American Indian (20 volumes)

Curtis, Edward SheriffGo to Set
DDC: 970.1

“Edward Sheriff Curtis published The North American Indian between 1907 and 1930 with the intent to record traditional Indian cultures. The work comprises twenty volumes of narrative text and photogravure images. Each volume is accompanied by a portfolio of large photogravure plates.”
– Northwestern University Digital Library Collections
Volume contents are:

Vol.1. The Apache. The Jicarillas. The Navaho.
Vol.2. The Pima. The Papago. The Qahatika. The Mohave. The Yuma. The Maricopa. The Walapai. The Havasupai. The Apache-Mohave, or Yavapai.
Vol.3. The Teton Sioux. The Yanktonai. The Assiniboin.
Vol.4. The Apsaroke, or Crows. The Hidatsa.
Vol.5. The Mandan. The Arikara. The Atsina.
Vol.6. The Piegan. The Cheyenne. The Arapaho.
Vol.7. The Yakima. The Klickitat. Salishan tribes of the interior. The Kutenai.
Vol.8. The Nez Perces. Wallawalla. Umatilla. Cayuse. The Chinookan tribes.
Vol.9. The Salishan tribes of the coast. The Chimakum and the Quilliute. The Willapa.
Vol.10. The Kwakiutl.
Vol.11. The Nootka. The Haida.
Vol.12. The Hopi.
Vol.13. The Hupa. The Yurok. The Karok. The Wiyot. Tolowa and Tututni. The Shasta. The Achomawi. The Klamath.
Vol.14. The Kato. The Wailaki. The Yuki. The Pomo. The Wintun. The Maidu. The Miwok. The Yokuts.
Vol.15. Southern California Shoshoneans. The Diegueños. Plateau Shoshoneans. The Washo.
Vol.16. The Tiwa. The Keres.
Vol.17. The Tewa. The Zuñi.
Vol.18. The Chipewyan. The Western Woods Cree. The Sarsi.
Vol.19. The Indians of Oklahoma. The Wichita. The Southern Cheyenne. The Oto. The Comanche. The Peyote Cult.
Vol.20. The Alaskan Eskimo. The Nunivak. The Eskimo of Hooper Bay. The Eskimo of King Island. The Eskimo of Little Diomede Island. The Eskimo of Cape Prince of Wales. The Kotzebue Eskimo. The Noatak. The Kobuk. The Selawik.

The Indians’ Book

Curtis, NatalieGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

A treasury of Indian lore, with interesting drawings and excellent photographs. The compiler describes it as “an offering by the American Indians of Indian lore, musical and narrative, to form a record of the songs and legends of their race. The Indians are the authors of this volume. The songs and stories are theirs; the drawings, cover-design, and title pages were made by them.”
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

– Eastern Indians

– Plains Indians
Organizations of the Plains Indians
The Holy Man or “Medicine Man”

– Lake Indians

– Northwestern Indians

– Southwestern Indians

– Pueblo Indians
The Pueblo Indians
San Juan


Indians of North America, Native Americans, First Peoples, Folklore, books online, Native American music, Native American culture

Buy the print version: The Indians’ Book: An Offering by the American Indians of Indian Lore, Musical and Narrative, to Form a Record of the Songs and Legends of Their Race

Native Americans of North America

Indians of the Northwest Coast

Drucker, Philip Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings are:

1. Introduction
The Land
The People
Physical Anthropology
History of European Contacts

2. Economy

3. Material Culture
Technology and Materials

4. Society
The Structure of Society
The Potlatch
Wars and Feuds

5. Religion

6. Ceremonials

7. The Cycle of Life

8. Art
Totem Poles

9. Subareas and Cultural Relationships


Northwest Native Americans, British Columbia Indians, Alaska Indians, First Peoples, anthropology, Tlingit, totem pole, harpoon, Kwakiutl, Haida, Karok, Yurok, Klamath, Bella Coola, Chilkat, Tsimshian, Hupa, Nootkan

Buy the print version: Indians Of The Northwest Coast

The Indian Today; the Past and Future of the First American

Eastman, Charles AlexanderGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

A well-known Sioux presents in simple, forceful style his view of the problems of the Indian. He compares former conditions, social and industrial, with those of 1915, and criticizes the agency system and the injustices of the government, while recognizing all efforts to help the Indian to independence.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. The Indian as He Was
2. The How and the Why of Indian Wars
3. The Agency System: Its Uses and Abuses
4. The New Indian Policy
5. The Indian in School
6. The Indian at Home
7. The Indian in College and the Professions
9. The Indian’s Health Problem
10. Native Arts and Industries
11. The Indian’s Gifts to the Nation
Table of Indian Reservations

Sioux, Indian bureau, Native American history, Charles Alexander Eastman, Teton tribe, books online, history free

Buy the print version: The Indian Today: The Past And Future Of The First American (1915)

Old Indian Days

Eastman, Charles AlexanderGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

“The chivalry of the Indian warrior and the womanliness of the Indian woman are subjects which Mr. Eastman sets forth with authority and sentiment. In an idealized sense his tales become more ‘than mere narrations of savage exploits and records of the legends and traditions, beliefs and practices, of a primitive people.’ ” Book Review Digest
— Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History (H.W. Wilson) 1929
Chapter headings are:

Part I. The Warrior
1. The Love of Antelope
2. The Madness of Bald Eagle
3. The Singing Spirit
4. The Famine
5. The Chief Soldier
6. The White Man’s Errand
7. The Grave of the Dog

Part II. The Woman
1. Winona, the Woman-Child
2. Winona, the Child-Woman
3. Snana’s Fawn
4. She-Who-Has-a-Soul
5. The Peace-Maker
6. Blue Sky
7. The Faithfulness of Long Ears
8. The War Maiden

Dakota Indians, Dakotas, Native American customs, Dakota folklore, Santee, Yankton, Yanktonai, legends, American history

Buy the print version: Old Indian Days: (Charles Alexander Eastman Classics Collection)

Native Americans of North America

The Soul of the Indian; an Interpretation

Eastman, Charles Alexander Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

An interesting though somewhat idealized account of Indian religious and ethical life before the advent of the white man, which is of value as an aid to the understanding of Indian nature.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. The Great Mystery
2. The Family Altar
3. Ceremonial and Symbolic Worship
4. Barbarism and the Moral Code
5. The Unwritten Scriptures
6. On the Border-land of Spirits

Santee Indians, Sioux, Social life and customs, Santee mythology, Native American religion, free ebooks

Buy the print version: The Soul of the Indian (Native American)

Ancient Lovers of Peace

Boston: 1959
Estabrook, Emma FranklinGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

About the Pueblo Indians of the American southwest.
Buy the print version: Ancient Lovers Of Peace

Indians of the Northwest Coast

Goddard, Pliny Earle Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings are:

1. Introduction
2. Material Culture
3. Social and Political Organization
4. Religion and Ceremonial Life
5. Art

Northwest Native Americans, Native American culture, anthropology, natural history, material culture, Salish peoples, Chilkat, Nootka, Kwakiutl, Haida, Bella Coola, potlatch, totem pole, shamanism, raven myths, canoe burial, tree burial, American Museum of Natural History

Buy the print version: Indians of the Northwest Coast

Indians of the Southwest

Goddard, Pliny EarleGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings are:

1. The Ancient Peoples
2. The Pueblo Dwellers
3. The Village Dwellers
4. The Camp Dwellers
5. Conclusion. Bibliography

Southwest Native Americans, anthropology, archaeology, Native American culture, Pueblo tribe, Apache, Navajo, Hopi, Zuni, Acoma, Pima, Papago, Rio Grande Pueblos, American Museum of Natural History, free book

Buy the print version: Indians of the Southwest, handbook series No. 2

Native Americans of North America

The Cheyenne Indians; their History and Ways of Life

Grinnell, George Bird Go to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2
DDC: 970.1

Recounts briefly their early history and pictures in great detail their manner of life, religious, social and industrial. Many excellent illustrations and an index “Mr. Grinnell has, through vast industry, collected and put into excellent form much valuable information concerning this vanishing people who, in the lapse of another century, will have perished or become absorbed into our civilization.” Boston Transcript
— Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History (H.W. Wilson) 1929
Chapter headings are:

Volume 1
Early Cheyenne History
Old-Time Ways
Village Life
Certain Camp Customs
Social Organization
The Boy and the Girl
Woman and Her Place
Women’s Societies
Subsistence and Hunting
Games and Amusements
Tribal Government

Volume II
War and Its Ways
Warrior Societies
Religious Beliefs
Disease, Healing, Death
Useful Plants
Medicine Lodge
Massaum Ceremony
The Culture Heroes

Cheyenne Indians, Cheyenne nation, Social life and customs, Native American history, ebooks free, U.S. history

Buy the print version: The Cheyenne Indians: Their History and Ways of Life (2 Volumes)

The Story of the Indian

NY: Appleton 1909
Grinnell, George BirdGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings:

1. His Home
2. Recreations
3. A Marriage
4. Subsistence
5. His Hunting
6. The War Trail
7. Fortunes of War
8. Prairie Battlefields
9. Implements and Industries
10. Man and Nature
11. His Creation
12. The World of the Dead
13. Pawnee Religion
14. The Old Faith and the New
15. The Coming of the White Man

Buy the print version: The Story of the Indian

Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico

Hodge, Frederick Webb Go to Part 1|Go to Part 2
DDC: 970.1

Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30
“Contains a descriptive list of the stocks, confederacies, tribes, tribal divisions and settlements north of Mexico, accompanied with the various names by which these have been known, together with biographies of Indians of note, sketches of their history, archeology, manners, arts, customs and institutions, and the aboriginal words incorporated in the English language. . . Accompanying each synonym (the earliest known date always being given) a reference to the authority is noted, and these references form practically a bibliography of the tribe for those who wish to pursue the subject further.” Preface
— Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History (H.W. Wilson) 1929

Also useful is: Encyclopedias, Encyclopedia Guides & Year Books

Native Americans, Encyclopedias, Ethnology, Anthropology, Native American tribes, free online books

Buy the print version: HANDBOOK Of AMERICAN INDIANS North of Mexico. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30. In Two Parts. Part I. Part 2.

The Hopi Indians

Hough, WalterGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings are:

The Country, Towns, and Peoples
Social Life
Food and Rearing
The Workers
Birth, Marriage and Death
Religious Life
Traditions and History
Brief Biographies
The Ancient People

Hopi Indians, Hopis, Native American culture, ethnology, American Indians, Arizona Indians, ebooks free

Buy the print version: The Hopi Indians – Scholar’s Choice Edition

Native Americans of North America

Our Debt to the Red Man; The French-Indians in the Development of the United States

Boston: Stratford 1918
Houghton, Louise SeymourGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings:

1. Introducing the Subject
2. The Original American
3. Indians of Mixed Blood – A General View
4. French Mixed-Bloods of the Middle West
5. Metis of Noble Blood on Both Sides
6. French-Indians as Mediators
7. Metis Loyalty
8. The Gift of Tongues
9. The Metis as a Trader
10. French Indians and Exploration
11. French Indians in the Settlement of the West
12. French Indians as Farmers
13. The Metis as an Industrial Worker
14. The Metis Intellect
15. The French Indian in the Learned Professions
16. In Literature and Art
17. The Present Situation
18. French Mixed-Bloods and Our Indian Problem

Buy the print version: Our debt to the red man; the French-Indians in the development of the United States

Indian Silversmithing

Milwaukee: Bruce 1952
Hunt, Walter BenGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Ben Hunt of Hales Corners, Wisconsin studied and popularized Indian culture and crafts throughout the middle of the 20th century, and also played an important role in promoting the Boy Scouts of America. In this book Hunt employs his drawing skills and his experience as a craftsman to demonstrate in detail how the Indians of the American Southwest designed and crafted silverwork.
Buy the print version: INDIAN SILVER-SMITHING

The Red Man’s Continent; A Chronicle of Aboriginal America

Toronto: Glasgow 1919
Huntington, EllsworthGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

A volume in the Yale Chronicles of America Series. Chapter headings are:

1. The Approaches to America
2. The Form of the Continent
3. The Geographic Provinces of North America
4. The Garment of Vegetation
5. The Red Man in America
Bibliographical Note

Buy the print version: The Red Man’s Continent: a chronicle of aboriginal America

A Century of Dishonor …

Roberts Brothers 1888
Jackson, Helen Maria Fiske HuntGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

(title continued) ” …A Sketch of the United States Government’s Dealings with Some of the Indian Tribes”

This was originally published in 1881. In 1884 the author published a best-selling novel Ramona about the difficult life of a half-Indian orphan girl. Chapter headings are:

1. Introductory
2. The Delawares
3. The Cheyennes
4. The Nez Perces
5. The Sioux
6. The Poncas
7. The Winnebagoes
8. The Cherokees
9. Massacres of Indians by Whites [I. The Conestoga Massacre, II. The Gnadenhutten Massacre, III. Massacres of Apaches]
10. Conclusion

Also see: Jackson, Helen Hunt, Ramona in Fiction – Novels from Authors I, J, K & L
Buy the print version: A Century of Dishonor: A Sketch of the United States Government’s Dealings with Some Indian Tribes

Famous Indian Chiefs

Boston: Page 1909
Johnston, Charles Haven LaddGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

(title continued) ” … Their battles, treaties, sieges, and struggles with the whites for the possession of America”

Buy the print version: Famous Indian chiefs

Ethnography of the Fox Indians

Jones, William Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 12. Chapter headings are:

Traditional history
– Manitou
– Nature beliefs
– Medicine
– Color symbolism
– Witches, evil spirits, and ghosts
Daily life…
– Everyday life
– Costume
Social observances
– Marriage
– Divorce
– Birth customs
– Menstrual customs
– Mortuary customs
Social organization
– Fox gentes
– The dual division
– Political organization
– Crime and punishment
Ceremonies and games
– The sacred feast
– Feasts of thanksgiving
– Notes on gens feast dances
– Other ceremonies
– Ceremonial paraphernalia and related data
– Games
Bibliography of Jones’ publications
Appendix A.—Miscellaneous social data
Appendix B.—Genealogies
Appendix C.—Lists of gens names
Appendix D.—Ceremonial data

Fox Indians, Fox tribe, ethnography, Native American religion, Sauk and Fox, books online free, First Nations

Buy the print version: Ethnography of the Fox Indians

Wigwam Stories Told by North American Indians

Boston: Ginn 1901
Judd, Mary Catherine, comp.Go to Book
DDC: 970.1


Handbook of the Indians of California

Kroeber, Alfred L. Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 78.
Chapter headings are:

1. The Yurok: land and civilization
2. The Yurok: law and custom
3. The Yurok: religion
4. The Yurok: arts
5. The Karok
6. The Chimariko and Wiyot
7. Athabascans: the Tolowa
8. Athabascans: the Hupa, Chilula, and Whilkut
9. Athabascans: southern groups
10. The Yuki: ethnic geography
11. The Yuki: culture
12. The Yuki: religion
13. The Huchnom and Coast Yuki
14. The Wappo
15. The Pomo: geography and politics
16. The Pomo: civilization
17. The Pomo: religion
18. The Coast and Lake Miwok
19. The Shastan group
20. The Shasta
21. The Achomawi and Atsugewi
22. The Modoc
23. The Yana and Yahi
24. The Penutian Family
25. The Wintun: geography and culture
26. The Wintun: Kuksu cult
27. The Maidu: land and society
28. The Maidu: arts and implements
29. The Maidu: religion and knowledge
30. The Miwok
31. The Costanoans
32. The Yokuts: geography
33. The Yokuts: social institutions
34. The Yokuts: cults
35. The Yokuts: the concrete basis of life
36. The Esselen and Salinans
37. The Chumash
38. The Washo
39. The Shoshonean stock
40. The Paiute, Mono, and Koso
41. The Chemehuevi
42. The Kawaiisu and Tubatulabal
43. Serrano divisions
44. The Gabrielino
45. The Juaneno
46. The Luiseno: elements of civilization
47. The Luiseno: organization of civilization
48. The Cupeno and Cahuilla
49. The Diegueno and Kamia
50. The Mohave: concrete life
51. The Mohave: dream life
52. The Yuma
53. Other Yuman tribes
54. Arts of life
55. Society
56. Religion and knowledge
57. Population
58. Place names
59. Culture provinces
60. Prehistory
Appendix: Pronunciation of native words
Classification of titles by subject
Classified subject index
General index

California Native Americans, anthropology, Yurok, Karok, Chimariko, Wiyot, Athabascans, Tolowa, Hupa, Chilula, Whilkut, Yuki, Huchnom, Wappo, Pomo, Shasta, Achomawi, Atsudewi, Modoc, Yana, Yahi, Penutian, Wintun, Maidu, Miwok, Costanoans, Yokuts, Esselen, Salinans, Chumash, Washo, Shoshonean, Paiute, Mono, Koso, Chemehuevi, Kawaiisu, Tubatulabal, Serrano, Gabrielino, Juaneno, Luiseno, Cupeno, Cahuilla, Diegueno, Kamia, Mohave, Uyma

Buy the print version: Handbook of the Indians of California, with 419 Illustrations and 40 Maps (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin No. 78)

American Indian Fairy Tales

NY: Volland 1921
Larned, William Trowbridge Go to Book|Go to Audio Book
DDC: 970.1

These were stories collected by Henry R. Schoolcraft, mainly among Indians living near Lake Superior.
Buy the print version: American Indian Fairy Tales: Stories Gathered from The Lake Superior Region During the 1830s

In Red Man’s Land: A Study of the American Indian

NY: Revell 1914
Leupp, Francis Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings:

1. The Aboriginal Red Man
2. The Red Man and the Government
3. The Red Man and His White Neighbor
4. The Red Man and Our Social Order
5. Aborigines Who Are Not Red Men
6. The Red Man as Teacher and Learner
7. Supplemental: “Missions to the Red Man”, by Rev. A. F. Beard, D.D.

Buy the print version: In Red Man’s Land: A Study of the American Indian

The Indian and his Problem

Leupp, Francis E.Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

An authoritative and unbiased work which contains an appreciation of Indian character, a review of past government dealings with the Indian, and suggestions for future policies. The author was at one time Commissioner of Indian affairs.
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. The Indian as He Was
2. What Happened to the Indian
3. The Problem, and a Way Out
4. Working of the Burke Law
5. Disposing of the Surplus
6. The Indian Service
7. Theory and Fact in Education
8. Time for a Turning
9. The Indian at Work
10. The Indian as a Capitalist
11. Legislating for Dependent Race
12. Liberty and Discipline
13. A Few Illustrative Cases
14. Missionaries and their Methods
15. Philanthropy and Criticism
16. The Indian Territory Experiment
17. As the New Day Nears its Noon

Bureau of Indian Affairs, government policy for Native Americans, Native American reservations, tribal councils, Indian service, Indian Agents, Board of Indian Commissioners, reservation schools, employment, Indian territory

Buy the print version: The Indian and his problem

Native Americans of North America

The Navajos

Lipps, Oscar H.Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Little Histories of North American Indians series.
Chapter headings are:

1. Their Discovery
2. Their Country
3. The People
4. Their Manners and Customs
5. Wars and Treaties
6. Their Religion and Morals
7. Navajo Mythology
8. Ceremonies
9. Their Arts and Crafts
10. Civilization

Navajos, Navajo tribe, Navajo history, Native American culture, free ebooks, Native American history

Buy the print version: The Navajos (Classic Reprint)

Old Indian Trails

McClintock, Walter Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

An unusual record of Indian lore by an adopted son of Chief Mad Wolf. It is an interesting record of fifteen years’ close association with the old Blackfoot chiefs, medicine men, and common people, and recounts much of value concerning their customs, religious beliefs, and legends. Siksika Indians
— A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Chapter headings are:

1. My Indian Guide
2. Crossing the Rocky Mountains
3. Our Camp near the Summit
4. Home of the Scout
5. Stories by the Scout’s Mother-in-Law
6. My Adoption by Mad Wolf
7. Mad Wolf Tells the Legend of the Beaver Bundle
8. I am Given an Indian Name and Made a Member of the Blackfoot Tribe
9. Home of Mad Wolf
10. Marriage Customs
11. The Head-Chief and his Wife
12. Legend of the Smoking Star
13. My Night Experience with a Grizzly Bear
14. Indian Summer
15. A Frontier Dance
16. Hunting Rocky Mountain Goats
17. The Blizzard
18. Snow-Bound
19. The Mad Indian
20. Coming of the Chinook
21. Beginning of Spring
22. Our Camp in the Mountains
23. Our North Expedition
24. Onesta and his Sacred Bear Spear
25. Camp of the Blood Indians
26. Country of the North Piegans
27. Camp of Brings-Down-the-Sun
28. Onesta Gives his Crow Water Ceremony
29. The Rival Medicine Men
30. Brings-Down-the-Sun Tells about his Father
31. Brings-Down-the-Sun Tells about Men’s Societies
32. Brings-Down-the-Sun Tells about the Birds and the Stars
33. Legends of Star Boy and Scarface
34. Beginning of the Sun Dance
35. Forming the Great Circle Camp
36. Life in the Circle Camp
37. Painted Tepees and Picture Writing
38. A Native Doctor and his Patient
39. Dance of the Hair-Parters (Grass Dance)
40. Society of Brave Dogs
41. A Medicine-Pipe Ceremony
42. A Sacred Ceremony in Mad Wolf’s Tepee
43. The Tribal Dancing-Lodge
44. End of the Sun Dance and Farewell of my Indian Father
Appendix: Medicinal and Useful Plants of the Blackfoot Indians

Siksika Indians, Blackfoot tribe, Old North Trail, Blackfoot culture, Blackfoot folklore, Chief Mad Wolf, Montana Indians, Blackfoot customs, Montana travel, free ebooks, personal narrative

Buy the print version: Old Indian Trails

Indian Nights

Toronto: McClelland & Stewart 1930
Mackay, Isabel Ecclestone MacphersonGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Collection of legends.
Buy the print version: Indian Nights

The Indians of Canada: Their Manners and Customs

London: Kelly 1892
McLean, JohnGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Buy the print version: The Indians of Canada Their Manners & Customs

The American Indian Frontier

MacLeod, William ChristieGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

“This volume represents the first attempt at an analysis of American frontier history made particularly from the view-point of the Indian side of the frontier development.” Preface
“Historians, as well as anthropologists and sociologists, may benefit from its chapters which should stimulate the reconstruction of many conventional narratives of the contacts between the whites and the Indians.” Outlook
— Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History (H.W. Wilson) 1929
Chapter headings are:

Part I – The Indians
1. The Origin of the Indian
2. How the Indian Lived
3. How the Indian Tried Prohibition but Drank
4. Smallpox and other Diseases among the Indians
5. The Pre-Columbian Discoveries and the Meaning of Columbus

Part II – The Conquerors
6. Spanish Aims in the Americas
7. The Spaniards Kill of the First Indians and Replace them with Negroes
8. They Put the Rest to Work
9. The Catholic Missions: From Canada to Paraguay
10. Enslavement of Indians in Latin America: A Retrospect
11. The Business Corporation Takes a Hand in Empire Building

Part III – The Trader
12. The Indian Trade and the French Policy in North America
13. Celt and Indian: Britain’s Old World Frontier in Relation to the New
14. Old Virginia and New England: 1606-1633
15. Jacob and Esau, or Why the Europeans Bought Indian Land
16. Wars of 1637-1644, North and South
17. King Philip’s War and Bacon’s Rebellion, 1675-1676
18. The End of the Coast Tribes: 1711-1742
19. The Iroquois Republic: Its Rise and Fall, 1606-1754

Part IV – Social Retrospects: Contrasts Between the Latin and Anglo-Saxon Americas
20. The Indian Labour Supply, Free and Slave, and Negro Slavery
21. Other Compulsory Indian Labour: North and Latin America Compared
22. The Mission System, and the Failure in North America
23. Indian Against Indian: The Price of Freedom
24. The origin of Hate: Race Prejudice in North and Latin America
25. Segregation of Races in Reservations in Latin America and Early North America

Part V – The Sweep of Empire
26. The French War and its Effects, 1754-1763
27. Pontiac and his Beaver War, 1763-1765
28. Tecumseh, the Meteor, and his Background, 1774-1814
29. The Rise of the Great Reservation System
30. The Eastern Tribes Moved into the Great Plains
31. The Indian Country of the Plains
32. The Destruction of the West Coast Tribes
33. The Revolt of the Plains Indians
34. The Red Cry for a Saviour
35. The Messiah and the Forerunner
Conclusion: The Liquidation of the Indian Problem in the United States

For works about prominent Native American leaders in the Old Northwest, see:
– Various books and articles on Tecumseh, The Prophet, Logan, Cornstalk, Bluejacket and Joseph Brant in Biographies & Memoirs in Great Lakes History
– Thwaites, Reuben Gold, “Logan, The Mingo Chief 1710-1780″ in Biographies & Memoirs in Ohio History;
Cole, Cyrenus, I am a Man: the Indian Black Hawk in Biographies & Memoirs in Illinois History;
Quaife, Milo Milton, ed., The Life of Black Hawk; Ma-Ka-Tai-Me-She-Kia-Kiak in Biographies & Memoirs in Illinois History;
Ellis, Edward S., The Life of Pontiac, the Conspirator, Chief of the Ottawas in Native Americans in the History of the Great Lakes;
Turner, F. N. (Dr.), “Chief Okemos” in Native Americans in Michigan History;
Matson, Nehemiah, “Sketch of Shau-be-na, a Pottawattamie Chief” in Native Americans in Wisconsin History;

Indians of North America, Indians of South America, American history, American frontier, frontier history, Native American history, New France, French Indian policy, British Indian policy, Missionaries to Native Americans, Iroquois republic, Indian slavery, prejudice, extermination, removal, fur trade, Lord Dunmore’s War, Revolutionary War, Indian trade, destruction of tribes, Sioux war, First Nations history, Indian sovereignty

Buy the print version: The American Indian Frontier

“The Passing of the Delaware Nation”

Proceedings of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association Vol III, 1909-1910, 329-40

Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Mississippi Valley Historical Association
Mooney, JamesGo to Article
DDC: 970.1

The author worked at the Bureau of American Ethnology, where he was investigating past and present population levels of Indians throughout North America. American ethnologists of the late 19th century had claimed that North American Indian populations were stable or growing throughout the history of white occupation, but Mooney’s research indicated that the overall Native American population had decreased by two-thirds. This article on the history of the Delaware and its constituent tribes illustrates that decline.

Native Americans: A Resource Guide

Beltsville, MD: U.S. Department of Agriculture 1992
Nauta, Laura R. and Evans, Shirley King, comp.Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Sections and sub-sections are:

— Agricultural Techniques and Ethnobotany
— Culture and Socioeconomics
— Food and Nutrition
— Government Relations and History
Directory of Native American Organizations
Colleges and Universities
— Bureau of Indian Affairs Controlled College
— Colleges and Universities offering Specialized Studies
— Tribally controlled community colleges
Sources for General Information

The Autobiography of a Winnebago Indian

Radin, Paul, ed.Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology.
“Edited with explanatory notes. A middle-aged WInnebago called ‘S. B’ who belongs to a prominent family of the tribe and has had typical experiences, relates them in considerable detail and with great candor. He tells of his youthful amusements and lasts, of his courting and his many affairs with women, of his various travels, of his time spent with shows and circuses, of his term in prison charged with murder, of his conversion to the peyote rite and of his subsequent visions of Earthmaker (God). The narrative extraordinarily adumbrates customs and sentiments which have almost always been studied from the outside but which here have the most intimate ring of actuality.”
“A human document of extraordinary value alike for the ethnologist, the psychologist, and the lay reader.”
– The Book Review Digest

Winnebago Indians, Winnebago tribe, Winnebago history, Native American culture

Buy the print version: The Autobiography of a Winnebago Indian

Native Americans of North America

My Life as an Indian; the Story of a Red Woman and a White Man in the lodges of the Blackfeet

Schultz, James Willard Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

“Reads like a romance . . . not the least interesting part being the traditions and old stories, retold with simplicity and real charm.”
— Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History (H.W. Wilson) 1929
Chapter headings are:

1. Fort Benton
2. The Ruse of a Savage Lover
3. The Tragedy of the Marias
4. A War Trip for Horses
5. Days with the Game
6. The Story of the Crow Woman
7. A White Buffalo
8. A Winter on the Marias
9. I Have a Lodge of My Own
10. The Killing of a Bear
11. The Kutenai’s Story
12. The Great Race
13. The Snake Woman
14. The Snake Woman’s Quest
15. I Return to my People
16. The Story of Rising Wolf
17. A Friendly Visit from the Crows
18. A Raid by the Crows
19. Nat-Ah-Ki’s Wedding
20. The Attack on the Hunters
21. Never-Laughs Goes East
22. The War Trip of Queer Person
23. The Piegans Move In
24. A Wolverine’s Medicine
35. Little Deer’s End
26. The Ways of the Northland
27. The Story of Ancient Sleeper
28. Diana’s Marriage
29. A Game of Fate
30. Trade, Hunt and War Party
31. Na-Ah-Ki’s Ride
32. Curbing the Wanderers
33. Crees and Red Rivers
34. The Last of the Buffalo
35. The “Winter of Death”
36. The “Black Robe’s Help”
37. Later Years

Siksika, Social life and customs, Blackfeet, Blackfoot culture, Indian folklore, Indian stories, Native American history, Piegan Blackfeet, books online free

Buy the print version: My Life as an Indian: The Story of a Red Woman and a White Man in the Lodges of the Blackfeet

The Story of the Red Man

Publisher Year
Seymour, Flora WarrenGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Buy the print version: The Story of the Red Man

The Indians of Greater New York

Skinner, AlansonGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Little Histories of North American Indians series.
Chapter headings are:

The Indians of Greater New York
The Indians and their Life
Customs of the Delaware
Contact with the Whites
The Relics of our Indians

New York Native Americans, Delawares, Delaware nation, Mahikans, Mahikan tribe, Mohegans, Mohegan tribe, Algonkin, Algonquin, First Nations

Buy the print version: The Indians of Greater New York

Ancient Civilizations of Mexico and Central America

Spinden, Herbert J. Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings are:

1. The Archaic Horizon
2. The Mayan Civilization
3. The Middle Civilizations
4. The Aztecs
A Cross-Section of New World History

Indians of Mexico, Indians of Central America, anthropology, archaeology, pre-colombian, Mayan civilization, Olmecs, Toltecs, Teotihuacan, Tula, Cholula, Chorotegan, Xochicalco, Zapotecan, Aztecs, Chichimecas, Aztec culture, Aztec religion, Mayan astronomy, free online books

Buy the print version: American Museum of Natural History. Ancient Civilizations of Mexico and Central America

Native Americans of North America

Economics of the Iroquois

Lancaster, PA: New Era 1905
Stites, Sara HenryGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

This PhD dissertation is organized by parts and chapters. Headings are:

Part I. Economic Antecedents of Iroquois Culture
1. The Environment of the Iroquois
2. The Productive Activities of the Iroquois
3. The Organization of Producers
4. The Wealth of the Iroquois
5. The Distribution of Wealth
6. Exchange

Part II. Sociological Consequents
1. The Family
2. State and Government
3. Religion
4. Morals
5. General Culture

Buy the print version: Economics of the Iroquois by Sara Henry Stites (2005-02-11)

The Indian Tribes of North America

Swanton, John R. Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 145. Chapter headings are state names, so each state chapter contains information about Indians that have resided there.
Chapter headings are:

New Hampshire
Rhode Island
New York
New Jersey
Maryland and the District of Columbia
West Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
North Dakota
South Dakota
New Mexico
The West Indies
– Indian tribes of Haiti
– Indian tribes of Cuba
– Indian tribes of Puerto Rico
– Indian tribes of Jamaica
Mexico and Central America

Native Americans of the United States, Native Americans of Canada, Native Americans of West Indies, First peoples, American Indians, ethnology, Native American culture, Indian tribes, anthropology, books online

Buy the print version: Indian Tribes of North America

The Indians of the Southeastern United States

Swanton, John R.Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137.
Chapter headings are:

– Introduction
– Geography of the Southeast
– Classification of the Southeastern tribes
– Population
– Relation of the aboriginal population to the natural areas
– Prehistoric movements
– History of the Southeastern Indians from the period of first white contact to the expedition of Hernando de Soto
– The Expedition of Hernando de Soto
– The post-De Soto Period

– Sketches of the Southeastern tribes and their population:
Abihka, Acolapissa, Acuera, Adai, Aguacaleyquen (see Utina), Ais, Akokisa, Alabama, Amacano, Anadarko, or, more correctly, Nadako, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Atakapa, Atasi, Avoyel, Bayogoula, Bidai, Biloxi, Caddo, Cahinnio, Calusa, Caparaz, Cape Fear Indians, Capinans, Catawba, Chakchiuma, Chatot, Chawasha, Cheraw, Saraw, Sara , Cherokee, Chiaha, Chickasaw, Chilucan, Chine, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Choula, Chowanoc, Congaree, Coosa, Coree, Coranine, Cosapuya (see Cusabo), Coweta, Creek Confederation, Cusabo, Deadose, Doustioni, Eno, Eufaula or Yufala, Eyeish or Ha-ish, Fresh Water (“Agua Dulce”) Indians, Fus-hatchee, Grigra, or, more often, Gris, Guacata, Guale, Guasco, Hainai, Hatteras, Hilibi, Hitchiti, Hothliwahali, or, in abbreviated form, Thliwahali (Liwahali), Houma, Ibitoupa, Icafui, Iroquois (see Nottoway), Jeaga, Kadohadacho, Kan-hatki, Kasihta, Kaskinampo, Kealedji, Keyauwee, Koasati, Kolomi or Kulumi, Koroa, Macapiras or Amacapiras, Machapunga, Manahoac, Meherrin, Michigamea, Mikasuki, Mobile, Mococo or Mucoco, Monacan, Moneton, Moratok, Mugulasha (see Quinipissa), Muklasa, Muskogee

Nabedache, Nacachau, Nacanish, Nacogdoche, Nacono, Nahyssan, Nanatsoho, Napochi or Nabochi, Nasoni, Natasi, Natchez, Natchitoches, Nechaui, Neche, Neusiok, Nottoway (Notowega, Nittaweega, or Nautaugue), Ocale, Occaneechi, Ocita or Ucita, Oconee, Ofo, Ofogoula, or Mosopelea, Okchai, Okelousa, Okmulgee, Onatheaqua, Opelousa, Osochi, Pakana, Pamlico, Pascagoula, Pawokti, Patiri, Pedee, Pensacola, Pilthlako (Opillako), Pohoy, Pooy, Pojoi, or Posoye, Potano, Powhatan, Quapaw, Quinipissa, Saluda, Santee, Saponi, Saturiwa, Sawokli, Seminole, Sewee, Shakori, Shawnee, Sissipahaw, Soacatino or Xacatin, Sugeree, Surruque, Horruque, or Surreche, Tacatacuru, Taensa, Tamathli (Tamak), Tangipahoa, Taposa, Tawasa, Tekesta or Tequesta, Timucua group, Tiou, Tocobaga, Tohome, Tukabahchee, Tunica, Tuscarora, Tuskegee, Tutelo, Utina or Timucua, Waccamaw, Wakokai, Washa (French: Ouacha), Washita or Ouachita, Wateree, Waxhaw, Weapemeoc, Winyaw, Wiwohka, Woccon, Yadkin, Yamasee, Yatasi, Yazoo, Yeopim (see Weapemeoc), Yuchi, Yufera, Yui (Spanish: Ibi), Yustaga or Hostaqua

– Interpretations of tribal names
– Physical and mental characteristics
– The influence of language
– Raw materials utilized by the Southeastern Indians: Mineral kingdom, Vegetable kingdom, Animal kingdom
– The distribution of raw materials
– The annual economic cycle
– Food: Discussion
– Horticulture
– Hunting: Woodcraft, Deer hunting, Bear hunting, Bison hunting, The hunting of other animals
– Fishing
– Domestication of animals: Pre-Columbian domestication, Horses, Hogs, domestic fowl, and cattle
– Preparation of vegetable foods
– Treatment of meats
– Preservation of food
– Tobacco
– Housing, Types of buildings, Materials used in buildings, Beds, Fire making, Smoke holes and windows, Doors, Awnings, sunshades, and flags, Cushions, Towels and soap, Stockades
– Clothing: Materials, Skin dressing, Cords, threads, and textiles, Featherwork, Clothing of men, Clothing of women, Clothing of children, Clothing of the medicine men, Bags and purses
– Ornamentation: Work in shell, Pearls, Porcupine-quill work, Work in metal, Manner of dressing the hair, Headbands,
Ear ornaments, Nose ornaments, Labrets, Necklaces, Bracelets and arm bands, Finger rings, Leg ornaments, Ornamentation of belts and other articles of clothing, Greasing and coloring of the hair and skin, Body paint, Tatooing, Staining of the teeth, Treatment of fingernails and toenails, Head deformation, Differences between ornaments worn by men and women
– The use of stone: Sources of the raw material, Flint implements, Axes, Stone pipes, Chunkey stones, Miscellaneous uses of stone
– Pottery
– Miscellaneous household utensils: Wooden stools, Dishes and spoons of wood and horn, Wooden mortars, Wooden chests, Cradles, Combs, Scratchers
– Implements used in hunting, fishing, and war: Knives, Clubs, Bows and arrows, Lances, spears, and javelins, Blowguns,
Slings, Shields, Armor
– Implements serving transportation: Canoes and rafts, Litters, Saddles, Bridges
– Mats and baskets
– The coloring of manufactured articles
– Mnemonic devices
– Artistic development
– Musical instruments: Drums, Rattles, Flageolets, Rasps
– Societal and ceremonial life: Towns, Social organization (General features, Clans and gentes, Castes, Moieties, Terms of relationship, Names), Games, War, Marriage customs, Customs relating to birth, education, and the division of labor between the sexes, Burial customs, Crime and punishment, Means of communication, Trade, Religious beliefs and usages, Medical practices
– Conclusion: Common cultural characters, Cultural differences, Cultural subareas, Central intrusion, Comparison of the Southeast with corresponding areas in other parts of the world
– Source materials
– Bibliography

Southeastern Native Americans, American Indians in southeast states, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky

Buy the print version: The Indians of the Southeastern United States

The Indians of North America in Historic Times

Philadelphia: Barrie 1903
Thomas, CyrusGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Volume 2 of The History of North America. Chapter headings:

1. Aborigines of the West Indies and Central America
2. Tribes of Mexico
3. The Indians of Florida and the Eastern Gulf States
4. The Indians of the Southern Atlantic Colonies. (I) Virginia and Maryland
5. The Indians of the Southern Atlantic Colonies. (II) The Carolinas and Georgia
6. The Indians of New Jersey and Pennsylvania
7. The Indians of New York
8. The Indians of New England
9. The Indians of New England (continued)
10. The Indians of the St. Lawrence
11. The Indian History of the Ohio Valley; or, the Border Wars
12. The Shawnees and the Miamis
13. The Indians of the Old Northwest
14. Indians of Alabama, Mississippi, and Western Georgia
15. The Sioux and Tribes of the Plains
16. Tribes of the Far Northwest
17. The Shoshones and other Rocky Mountain Tribes
18. The Indians of the Northwest Coast
19. The Indian Policy of the United States
20. The Indians as a Race and as a Factor in American History
Appendix I. List of linguistic families and tribal languages of Mexico and Central America
Appendix II. List of Indian stocks north of Mexico.
Appendix III. List of Indian reservations in the United States in 1902, and the number of acres contained in each.

Buy the print version: The Indians of North America in Historic Times,

Agriculture of the Hidatsa Indians; An Indian Interpretation

Minneapolis: University of Minnesota 1917
Wilson, Gilbert LivingstoneGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

An anthropological work. “This study of the economic life of the American Indian is based largely on data obtained from an old woman expert agriculturist of the Hidatsa tribe, born about 1839. It is not an account merely of Indian agriculture. It is an Indian woman’s interpretation of economics; the thoughts she gave to her fields; the philosophy of her labors. The material was collected by the author during the summers of 1912-1915, at Fort Berthold reservation.”
– Edwards, Everett, Agriculture of the American Indians 1933.

Buy the print version: Agriculture of the Hidatsa Indians: An Indian Interpretation (Also Known as Buffalo Bird Woman’s Garden) (Illustrated Edition) (Dodo Press)

The Aborigines of Minnesota

St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society 1911
Winchell, N. H.Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

(title continued) ” … A report based on the collections of Jacob V. Brower, and on the field surveys and notes of Alfred J. Hill and Theodore H. Lewis”

The American Indian; An Introduction to the Anthropology of the New World

NY: McMurtrie 1922
Wissler, ClarkGo to Book
DDC: 970.1

Buy the print version: The American Indian: An Introduction to the Anthropology of the New World

North American Indians of the Plains

Wissler, Clark Go to Book
DDC: 970.1

Chapter headings are:

1. Materials Culture
2. Social Organization
3. Religion and Ceremonies
4. Decorative and Religious Art
5. Language
6. Physical Type
7. The Chronology of Plains Culture
8. Origins

Native Americans in Great Plains, anthropology, material culture, social organization, religion and ceremonies, art, language, plains culture, Assiniboin, Nez Perce, Blackfoot, Hidatsa, Dakota, Shoshoni, Arapaho, Mandan, Cheyenne, Crow people, Teton, Pawnee

Buy the print version: North American Indians of the Plains

“The Mohegan Indians East and West”

Proceedings of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association Vol X, 1918-1919, year, 440-53

Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Mississippi Valley Historical Association
Wood, George A.Go to Article
DDC: 970.1

The Mohegan Indians, one of the Algonquin tribes, occupied after 1637 the area of eastern Connecticut. Most of this article provides a history of their legal struggles with the Connecticut colonial government for about 70 years during the 18th century, with the remnants of the tribe finally being forced to move west. As of 1909 the remnants of the tribe, less than 600 people, were living in a community in Shawano county, Wisconsin.

Numerous books and articles about Native Americans in the history of the Great Lakes region can be found on the History of the Great Lakes States Home page. Scroll down to “Native Americans” in the center column.

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