Michigan Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

The works below are in three sections; ‘Maps and Atlases’, online ‘Collections of Maps and Atlases’ and ‘Gazetteers’ (geographical directories); all from Michigan history. See the right column for more info about this website.

Michigan Maps and Atlases

A Plan of the Straits of St. Mary, and Michilimakinac,to shew the situation & importance of the two westernmost settlements of Canada for the fur trade

1750s? Publisher unknown
Go to Map

Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Map of Michigan Territory

Go to Map

High resolution image of a good color map. Michigan was nearly all wilderness and counties had not yet been surveyed, so the interior of Michigan on this map is largely blank except for rivers. In addition to the map there is a written description of geography, commerce, government and history.

Map of the Surveyed Part of the Territory of Michigan

Albany, NY: Rawdon, Clark 1825
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Covers the southeastern part of the State only.

Map of the States of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois and part of Michigan Territory

Philadelphia: Finley 1826
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Reveals which areas had been organized by the mid-1820s.

A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances

Philadelphia: Tanner 1833
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High resolution image of a good color map. Included is a table of steam boat routes.

Tourist’s Pocket Map of Michigan

Philadelphia: Young 1835
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Apparently the meaning of the word “tourist” was somewhat different in the 1830s, as it is hard to imagine people making recreational trips to Michigan then. This map clearly shows that settlement had barely started in the northern half of the lower peninsula as of 1835.

Michigan Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

Map of the states of Michigan and Wisconsin …

Farmer 1849

(title continued) ” …embracing a great part of Iowa and Illinois, and the whole mineral region with a chart of the lakes. exhibiting the sections, the geological formations, and the general topography”

This map is in fact mainly a map of the Michigan’s U.P. John Farmer was a pioneer map publisher based in Detroit who specialized in maps of Michigan and Wisconsin. If the title of this detailed and accurate map seems puzzling, with its references to Iowa and Illinois, it is because this map was published in sections which were sold separately, and the Wisconsin Historical Society has only this section.

Lake Superior and Upper Peninsula

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Lower Peninsula

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Lower Peninsula

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Michigan Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

Farmer’s Rail Road and Township Map of Michigan

Detroit: Farmer 1868
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Especially useful for the indications of shipping routes on the Great Lakes.

County and Township Map of the States of Michigan and Wisconsin

Philadelphia: Gamble 1880
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High resolution image of color map.

Atlas of the State of Michigan, including statistics and descriptions of its topography, hydrography, climate, natural and civil history, railways, educational institutions, material resources, etc.

Detroit: Tackabury 1873
Walling, H. F., compilor and editor, Go to Book

Interactive Map of Michigan County Formation History

Map of US.org
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Scroll part-way down this webpage for the interactive online map, which shows the changing county borders over time, from 1790 to 1897. You can also see the county boundaries in each census year from 1820 to 1930.

Archaeological Atlas of Michigan

Ann Arbor: Univ of Michigan 1931
Hinsdale, WilbertGo to Book

Chapter headings include: Trails, Waterways and Portages, Mounds and other Earthworks, Villages and Campsites, Burying Grounds. There is also a map of important Indian trails to and from Michigan.

Michigan Atlases and Plat Books; A Checklist 1872-1973. A Bicentennial Publication

Lansing: Michigan Department of Education State Library Services 1975
Miles, William, comp.Go to Book

Collections of Maps and Atlases

Michigan Historical Maps and Atlases

Historic MapWorksGo to Site

According to the Michigan front page on Historic MapWorks, …”The state of Michigan collection contains 1,389 atlases spanning 311 years of growth and development (1696 through 2007). Within the atlases are 73,952 historical maps, illustrations, and histories…”

Michigan Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

Bibliography of Printed Maps of Michigan 1804-1880. With a series of over one hundred Reproductions of maps constituting an historical atlas of the Great Lakes and Michigan.

Lansing: Michigan Historical Commission 1931
Karpinski, Louis C. Go to Book

Detroit and Vicinity Before 1900; An Annotated List of Maps

Washington: Library of Congress 1968
Koerner, Alberta G. Auringer, comp.Go to Book

This bibliography describes 239 maps and atlases which depict the city of Detroit, Mich., its vicinity, the Detroit River, Wayne County, other towns in Wayne County during the 18th and 19th centuries, and the adjacent shore in Canada regardless of the date of publication. Most of the described maps are in the collections of the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress.

44 Panoramic maps or Birds-eye views of various Michigan cities and towns

Various publishers and years of publication
Library of Congress Go to Collection

Many of these are highly detailed pictures showing all buildings. The viewer at this site enables high-resolution zooms.

Collection of Local Histories and Atlases

Michigan County Histories and Atlases
Go to Site

The Michigan County Histories and Atlases Digitization Project is comprised of 428 titles published before 1925. You can search, or browse by title, author or subject. The collection contains:
County and town histories.
Biographies. Many of the county histories contain large biographical sections, but there are also individual biographical volumes too.
Business directories.
Multi-volume photo collection sets entitled “Art Work” for the Lake Superior region, St. Clair county and Washtenaw county, published in the 1890s.
Atlases or plat books for many counties, often with directories. There are 131 atlases, nearly all published after 1870.

Scanned Maps

Various publishers and years of publication
Michigan State University LibrariesGo to Collection

The collection contains a number of historic maps of Michigan as well as maps of Michigan State University, North America and the U.S.

Old Maps Online

Go to Collection

This is a collaborative portal for accessing a number of online map collections worldwide. U.S. collections include;
The David Rumsey Collection
Harvard Library Collection
New York Public Library Collection
Leventhal Map Center at Boston Public Library
North Carolina Digital Heritage Center


Gazetteer of the State of Michigan, in three parts, containing a general view of the state …

Detroit: Rood 1839
Blois, John T. Go to Book

(title continued) “… a description of the face of the country, soil, productions, public lands, internal improvements, commerce, government, climate, education, religious denominations, population, antiquities &c, &c., with a succinct history of the State, from the earliest period to the present time. Also a particular description of the counties, towns, villages, post offices, water courses, lakes, prairies, &c. Alphabetically arranged; with an appendix, containing the usual statistical tables, and a directory for emigrants, &c.”

This is a detailed compendium of information about Michigan in 1839. Part One presents a “general view of the state,” describing Michigan’s geology, soil, climate and topography as well as its improvements, products, governance, religious and educational institutions, population, and antiquities. Part One also incorporates a “Succinct History of the State,” which treats major events from the era of French exploration through statehood. Part Two provides a general view of each county, including its seat of justice, principal towns and villages, waterways and natural resources, political subdivisions, and population. Part Three imparts similar information for all the organized townships, and includes a large section on Detroit. Finally, there are a few pages of advice for immigrants.
– from the Library of Congress American Memory website

This is a much earlier source of data for most Michigan counties than the county histories, which started to appear in the 1870s. Some sections of interest:
1837 population of counties, P. 152
An 1837 plan by the state to construct railroads, including routes and costs per mile. P. 78
Data about Great Lakes shipping. P. 101. For example, seventeen steamboats were under construction on Lake Erie in 1837, to add to the 42 steamboats and numerous sailing vessels already in operation. A steamship captain earned a minimum of about $50 per month, and a sailor about $16.

Michigan Maps, Map Collections & Gazetteers

State of Michigan Gazetteer & Business Directory for 1856-7

Detroit: Huntington, Lee 1856
Go to Book

An ambitious effort to provide lists of businessmen in every Michigan town and village. Many of the smallest places only list a postmaster, but directories for other towns seem surprisingly comprehensive.

Johnston’s Detroit City Directory and Advertising Gazetteer of Michigan with an Appendix carefully revised

Detroit: Johnston 1861
Go to Book

This is mainly a directory of all heads of household in Detroit, but there is much more. Numerous advertisements with illustrations are found throughout.
Some sections of interest:
All departments of the Detroit city government, with names of officials and their salaries, even including schools and teachers. P. 21
Brief descriptions of churches throughout Detroit. P. 31, followed by a church directory.
“Secret Societies” and other organizations, including the Masonic Order, Odd Fellows, Lafayette Benevolent Society, German Working Men’s Society, Catholic societies, etc. P. 33
The city’s financial report for 1860. P. 57

Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory 1881

Detroit: R. L. Polk 1881
Go to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2|Go to Vol 3

Directory of the City of Detroit; and Register of Michigan for the year 1845 …

Detroit: Harsha & Willcox 1845
Wellings, James Go to Book

(title continued) ” …containing an epitomized history of Detroit; an alphabetical list of its citizens; a list of the officers of the municipal government; the officers of the United States, and the State officers and members of the Legislature of Michigan: also, every information relative to the time and place at which the several courts sit throughout the State; with a list of churches, associations, institutions, county officers, &c., &c.”

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