Conflict, War and Military History in Ohio


The books and articles below are about War and military history in Ohio. See the right column for more info about this website.


Frontier Conflict with Indians

Revolutionary War

War of 1812

Civil War

Spanish-American War

World War One

The Military History of Ohio

New York : Hardesty 1889
Go to Book

(title continued) ” … its border annals, its part in the indian wars, in the War of 1812, in the Mexican War, and in the War of the Rebellion, illustrated”

The title page also says the book contains a “Special Local Department, in editions by counties, giving a roster of Ohio’s rank and file from the county in the war of the rebellion, regimental histories, with histories of its G.A.R. and Ladies’ Auxiliary posts, and Camps of Sons of Veterans”. This copy covers Mahoning County; no versions for other counties were found online.

The Battlefields of the Maumee Valley…

Washington: 1896
Go to Book

(title continued) “A Collection of Historical Addresses delivered before The Sons of the American Revolution, District of Columbia Society, March 18, 1896”

These papers by various authors were about the acquisition of the Northwest and the struggle with the Indians and Great Britain, up to and including the War of 1812; and about preserving and commemorating historic sites. Titles of the addresses are:

-Methods of Indian Warfare
-Settlement of the Northwest Territory, with the struggles against the Indians and British in the Maumee Valley, 1788-1813
-Efforts made by the Maumee Valley Monumental Association towards preserving Historic Sites in Northwestern Ohio
-The Present Condition of the Historic Sites in the Maumee Valley and on the Island of Put-in-Bay
-The Influence of the Wayne and Harrison Campaigns on the Settlement of the Northwest
-The Northwest as affected by the Treaty of Ghent

Indian Wars, Ohio Territory, Maumee River Valley, Ohio Forts, Northwest Territory, online history

“Fort Miamis, Outpost of Empire”

Northwest Ohio Quarterly Vol. 16, Issue 2 (Apr 1944) 75-111

Maumee, OH: Lucas County/Maumee Valley Historical Society
Bald, F. CleverGo to Article

A very detailed paper that includes, in addition to the history, a number of maps, drawings and photos of the site. An article in the same journal, immediately following this one, is “Construction and Physical Appearance of Fort Miami” by Carl B. Spitzer, and is referenced on this web page.

Fort Miamis, Fort Miami, archaeology, military history

Military History in Ohio

“The Military Posts, Forts and Battlefields within the State of Ohio”

Ohio History III, Annual 1891, 300-311

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Graham, A. A.Go to Article

This brief article contains capsule histories of the following historical sites, and a map indicating the location of all.

Fort Miami, Fort Sandusky, Loramie’s Fort, Fort Junandat, Fort Gower, Fort Laurens, Fort Harmar, Fort Steuben, Fort Washington, Fort Hamilton, Fort Jefferson, Fort St. Clair, Fort Greenville, Fort Recovery, Fort Piqua, Fort St. Marys, Fort Defiance, Fort Deposit, the Battle of Fallen Timbers, Fort Wayne, Fort Industry, Fort Findlay, Fort Amanda, Fort McArthur, Fort Ball, Fort Seneca, Fort Stevenson, Fort Meigs, Perry’s Victory.

Ohio Forts, Ohio military history, historical sites, battlefields, online history

Fort Washington at Cincinnati, Ohio

Cincinnati: Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Ohio 1902
Jones, Robert RalstonGo to Book


Ohio in Four Wars; A Military History

Columbus: Heer 1917
Ryan, Daniel J.Go to Book

Covers Ohio’s contribution in the War of 1812, the Mexican War, the Civil War, and the War with Spain

19th century military history of Ohio

“Construction and Physical Appearance of Fort Miami”

Northwest Ohio Quarterly Vol. 16, Issue 2 (Apr 1944) 112-116

Maumee, OH: Lucas County/Maumee Valley Historical Society
Spitzer, Carl B.Go to Article

NOTE: The link takes you to the previous article in this issue. Scroll down to page 112.

Another paper on Fort Miami in the same journal issue is referenced on this page: “Fort Miamis, Outpost of Empire” by F. Clever Bald.

Fort Miami, archaeology, military history, historical site


Frontier Conflict with Indians

An Historical Account of the Expedition against Sandusky under Col. William Crawford in 1782

Cincinnati, 1873
Butterfield, Consul WillshireGo to Book

“This work comprises a complete narrative of the Expedition, drawn largely from original manuscripts, describing in detail the causes which led to the organization of the Campaign in Western Pennsylvania; the assembling of the army at the Ohio river, and its march to Sandusky; the marshalling of the savages upon the Sandusky Plains to repel the Americans; the Battles of the Wilderness; the retreat of the army and its return to the border;—followed by an account of the capturing of stragglers by the Indians; the barbarities inflicted on them; the escape of Knight and Slover from captivity; and the terrible death of Crawford, by prolonged and most cruel torture.” Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)

Crawford Campaign, Indian Wars, Ohio history

“General Anthony Wayne and the Battle of Fallen Timbers”

Ohio History IX, October 1900/Number 2, 214-37

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Hunt, Samuel F.Go to Article

This centennial oration was delivered on the battlefield in 1894. About half of it concerned the battle itself, preceded by a substantial history of the background events that led to the battle. The address also follows General Wayne for the two years of life that remained to him after the battle.

Indian Wars, history lectures, Mad Anthony Wayne

Military History in Ohio


Revolutionary War

“First Battle of the American Revolution”

Ohio History XI, July 1902/Number 1, 93-102

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Hunter, W. H.Go to Article

This paper is about the Battle of Point Pleasant at the mouth of the Kanawha River on October 10, 1774. It contains few details about the battle itself; it is mainly concerned with an interpretative explanation of the events and decisions that led to it.

See also on this site: Books on the American Revolution on U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

Battle of Point Pleasant, French and Indian War, military history

“Ohio’s Part in the American Revolution”

Ohio History XI, July 1902/Number 1, 102-7

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Randall, Emilius O.Go to Article

Emilius Randall (1850-1919) of Columbus, OH was a Law Professor at Ohio State University and the official reporter of the Ohio Supreme Court. Appointed by the Governor as a Trustee of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, he also served as Secretary and Editor. This 6-page paper was produced from a speech made by the author at a banquet of the Ohio Sons and Daughters of the American Revolution in 1902.

See also on this site: Books on the American Revolution on U.S. History; Colonial Era, Revolution, Confederation

Revolutionary War, Ohio Valley, history paper


War of 1812

“Ohio in the War of 1812: Articles from a Contemporary Newspaper”

Ohio History XXVIII, July 1919/Number 3, 286-368

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Go to Article

This 80-page article consists of extracts from Ohio newspaper articles reporting on Ohio campaigns and activities in the War of 1812, beginning almost immediately after the Declaration of War in early 1812. In addition to the news reports, the articles sometimes included the text of letters or documents. Addresses by military leaders to their troops were sometimes quoted verbatim.

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

For U.S. history of the War of 1812, see also on this site: Babcock, Kendric Charles, The Rise of American Nationality 1811-1819 in Section 973.5 on U.S. History; Constitutional Period to 1845

War of 1812, Ohio history, newspaper articles

Today in History: Siege of Fort Meigs

U.S. Library of Congress
Go to Collection

Set of online primary sources, collected by the Library of Congress primarily for use by teachers. The set includes:

-Plan of Fort Meigs and its environs
-Books and articles
-Letter describing battle
-William Henry Harrison primary source set and image set
-Tecumseh image set
-Books about Tecumseh
-Shawnee Indians primary source set

Indian Wars, War of 1812, Chief Tecumseh, William Henry Harrison, Fort Meigs, primary sources online

The British Invasions of Ohio, 1813

Columbus: Ohio State Museum 1958
Hallaman, EmanuelGo to Book

A typewritten 50-page paper.

“The Battle of Lake Erie. September 10, 1813”

Ohio History Vol. 10, July 1901/Number 1, 38-45

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Mack, Mrs. John T.Go to Article

This 7-page paper is a description of the famous naval battle won by Oliver Hazard Perry.

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

War of 1812, Naval history, Battle of Lake Erie

Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812

Columbus: State of Ohio 1916
Ohio Adjutant General, comp.Go to Book

The records indicate that the Adjutant General’s Department in Ohio furnished for the War of 1812 1,759 officers and 24,521 enlisted men. This 150-page book lists all known participants, organized by military unit. The county of origin of each unit is shown, where known.

See the resources on this site for: The War of 1812

War of 1812, soldiers, war veterans

Northern Ohio During the War of 1812

Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Society 1913
Western Reserve Historical SocietyGo to Book

(title continued) ” … from manuscripts in the collections of the Western Reserve Historical Society”


Military History in Ohio


Civil War

Our Acre and Its Harvest; Historical Sketch of the Soldiers’ Aid Society of Northern Ohio

Cleveland: Fairbanks 1869
Cleveland Branch of the United States Sanitary CommissionGo to Book

Within days of Washington issuing a call for volunteers to fight for the Union in April 1861, the ladies of Cleveland met to establish a Ladies’ Aid Society to support the families of the men who were enlisting. However, the Society’s role began transforming almost from its first day, as it became apparent that the Federal government was woefully unprepared to provide many basic needs for the new army. Society volunteers began collecting wagon-loads of blankets and second-hand clothes for recruits flocking into nearby Camp Taylor, and were soon sewing uniforms for Ohio soldiers and collecting supplies for the camp hospital. As the army expanded and fought its first major action at Bull Run in July 1861, the Society continued to broaden the scope of its efforts, setting up branches in every town in northern Ohio and working with the U.S. Sanitary Commission to staff and supply soldier’s hospitals throughout the north. This book tells the story of those efforts, and also provides the names of many of the women who led or participated.

Civil War civilian mobilization, U.S. Sanitary Commission, Soldiers’ Aid Societies

Ohio Forms an Army

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society 1962
Coles, Harry LewisGo to Book

30-page publication of the Ohio Civil War Centennial Commission, describing Ohio’s contribution of troops at the beginning of the Civil War.

Ohio in Civil War

Four Years in the Saddle; History of the First Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry

Columbus: Champlin 1898
Curry, W. L., comp.Go to Book


Regimental Publications & Personal Narratives of the Civil War: A Checklist. Vol. 1, Part 5 – Indiana and Ohio

NY: New York Public Library 1961-1972
Dornbusch, Charles EmilGo to Book

This is Part 5 of a 7-part work, which covers Civil War histories of 17 participating northern states. Part 5 covers Indiana and Ohio. According to the compiler’s Preface, every battery and regiment is listed, and arranged numerically by arm of service – Artillery, Cavalry and Infantry. Any publications that could be associated with a particular battery or regiment are listed under that unit, including regimental histories, personal narratives, reunion proceedings, unit rosters and even sermons preached at soldiers’ funerals. Personal narratives by individuals who served under more than one unit are found under the unit of their first service.

Many thousands of books published before 1923 (and a smaller number of more recent books) are available online for free. Learn how to find them at: Searching for eBooks

For histories of the Civil War, see also on this site: Section 973.7 Civil War on U.S. History; 1845 through the Civil War

For biographies of Civil War Generals, see:
– Grant, F. D., ed., Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant in Century Past Biographies: G & H
;
White, Henry Alexander, Robert E. Lee and the Southern Confederacy, 1807-1870 in Century Past Biographies: I, J, K & L;
Sherman, William Tecumseh, Personal Memoirs in Century Past Biographies: S;
Johnston, Robert M., Leading American Soldiers in Century Past Collective Biography G – P;
Bradford, Gamaliel, Confederate portraits in Century Past Collective Biography A – F;
Bradford, Gamaliel, Union portraits in Century Past Collective Biography A – F

Civil War regimental histories, Civil War personal narratives

Morgan’s Raid into Ohio

Lisbon, OH: Gard 1963
Gard, Ronald MaxGo to Book

Refers to an event of 1863, during the Civil War.

War as Viewed from the Ranks. Personal Recollections of the War of the Rebellion by a Private Soldier

Norwalk, OH: Experiment and News 1898
Keesy, William AllenGo to Book

Civil War personal narrative

Ohio’s Bounty System in the Civil War

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society
Murdock, Eugene ConverseGo to Book

President Lincoln’s call for volunteers in early 1861 met with an overwhelming response in Ohio. However, by the middle of 1862 it was becoming apparent that the war would last longer than expected, and the Federal government needed far more soldiers. Unfortunately enthusiasm for volunteering had mostly disappeared. In this study for the Ohio Civil War Centennial Commission, the author traces the various strategies employed by the Federal government and Ohio to attract enlistees in 1862 and afterward.

Civil War recruitment

A Summer Campaign in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864

Springfield, OH: New Era 1899
Nichols, Clifton M.Go to Book

(title continued) ” …”One Hundred Days” (Four Months and Two Days) of Soldier Life with the 152d Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry “


The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion 1861-1866

Cincinnati: State of Ohio 1886-1895
Ohio Adjutant General, comp.Go to Book

All 12 volumes are at this link. Volume 12 includes a roster for the War with Mexico, 1846-1848. Each volume has at its end a “Roll of Honor” for soldiers who lost their lives.

History of the Seventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry

Ripley, OH: Newcomb 1881
Rankin, R. C. (Capt.)Go to Book


Ohio in the War; Her Statesmen, Generals, and Soldiers

Cincinnati: Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin 1868
Reid, WhitelawGo to Vol 1|Go to Vol 2


Perils of Scout Life; or, Exploits and Adventures of a Government Scout and Spy in the Great Rebellion

NY: Byrn 1873
Ruggles, C. L.Go to Book


The Civil War Literature of Ohio. A Bibliography with Explanatory and Historical Notes

Cleveland: Burrows 1911
Ryan, Daniel J.Go to Book

A very large bibliography that includes official reports, speeches, books, papers, and more. Many of these are likely available free online. For assistance in finding them, see our blog post Searching for eBooks.

For histories of the Civil War, see also on this site: Section 973.7 Civil War on U.S. History; 1845 through the Civil War

Civil War bibliography

The History of Fuller’s Ohio Brigade, 1861-1865

Cleveland: Watt 1909
Smith, Charles H.Go to Book

(title continued) ” … its great march, with roster, portraits, battle maps and biographies”


Three Years with the Armies of the Ohio, and the Cumberland

Chillicothe, OH: Scioto Gazette 1889
Waddle, Anglus L.Go to Book

Civil War memoir.

Ohio Negroes in the Civil War

Columbus: Ohio Historical Society 1962
Wesley, Charles H.Go to Book


In the 50th Ohio; Serving Uncle Sam

1905
Winters, Erastus Go to Book



Spanish-American War

The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain 1898-1899

Columbus: State of Ohio 1916
Ohio Adjutant General, comp.Go to Book



World War One

The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the World War, 1917-18

Columbus: State of Ohio 1926
Ohio Adjutant General, comp.Go to Book

All 23 volumes are at this link, with entries for 263,000 men and women. Vols 1-19 include Soldiers, vols 20-21 Sailors, and vol 22 Marines. Vol 23 consists mostly of more such entries; possibly of people inadvertently omitted from the previous volumes. At the end of Vol 23 (page 904) begins a “List of Burial Places of Those Whose Bodies Remained in France”. This includes entries for those buried at American Cemeteries; six cemeteries in France, one in Belgium, and one in England.

Ohio Doughboys in Italy

Pleasantville, NJ: Penhallow 1921
Wallace, William (Col.) and othersGo to Book

WWI history of the 332nd Infantry regiment.


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