Ancient world history, prehistoric eras. Free online Books covering multiple regions or broad topics in ancient history. Archaeology, ancient social history, everyday life, trade in the ancient world, etc.
Hint: When a book you want to borrow at Internet Archive is already checked out, go to the Internet Archive’s ‘Search’ box, check “Search Metadata”, and search for the book’s title. Sometimes they have two or more copies.
About 1,150 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Ancient World History”. Be patient as the page loads. Some books: World History: Ancient Civilizations, The History of the Ancient and Medieval World, Atlas of Ancient History, World Religions from Ancient History to the Present, The Ancient World: a social and cultural history, Rome and the Ancient World, Communication in the Ancient World, Ancient Turkey: a traveller’s history, Clothes of the Ancient World, Athletics of the Ancient World, Mysteries of the Ancient World, Atlas of World History, Uncovering the Ancient World, The Ancient Roman World, The Persian Empire in the West, Macedon, Imperialism in the Ancient World, Trade and Commerce in the Ancient World, Ancient & Medieval History, Technology in the Ancient World, Everyday Life in the Ancient World, Politics in the Ancient World, Great Cities of the Ancient World, Warfare in the Ancient World, The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, The Origins of Civilization, Ancient and Medieval Art, many more books about Ancient World History.
About 370 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Ancient Civilization”. Some books: Lost Civilization, Ancient Astronauts, Man & Ancient Civilizations, Atlas of Ancient Civilizations, The Face of the Ancient Orient, People of the First Cities, Encyclopedia of Ancient Civilizations, 500 Things to Know about the Ancient World, Lost Worlds, The Battle-ax People, The First Civilizations, Everyday Life in Ancient Times, Origins of the Humanistic Tradition, The Aegean before the Greeks, The Origins of Western Culture, The First Civilizations and the Classical Legacy, Ancient China, Antiquity, The Emergence of Europe, many more books about Ancient Civilization.
You may also like our collection of articles and podcasts about prehistory.
About 460 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Prehistoric Peoples”. Some books: World Prehistory, Prehistoric Societies, Prehistoric Men, The Archaeology of Ancient China, An Introduction to Prehistory, Oceanic Prehistory, Man before History, Patterns in Prehistory, Illustrated Prehistory of Europe, The Story of Man, The Stages of Human Evolution, A Biography of Primitive Man, Atlas of Early Man, Mankind in the Making, many more books on Prehistoric Peoples.
About 1,700 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Archaeology”. Some books: The Archaeologist’s Handbook, Finding out About the Past, Archaeology: science and romance, Digging Up the Past, Archaeology: the definitive guide, Your Future in Archaeology, Wonderful World of Archaeology, Frontiers in Archaeology, Archaeology in Society, The Meaning of Archaeology, Secrets from the Past, Adventures in Underwater Archaeology, Archaeological Techniques for Amateurs, many more books on Archaeology.
Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times
Barber, Elizabeth Wayland
Norton 1994 Dewey Dec. 930
“New discoveries about the textile arts reveal women’s unexpectedly influential role in ancient societies. Twenty thousand years ago, women were making and wearing the first clothing created from spun fibers. In fact, right up to the Industrial Revolution the fiber arts were an enormous economic force, belonging primarily to women… Elizabeth Wayland Barber has drawn from data gathered by the most sophisticated new archaeological methods–methods she herself helped to fashion. In a “brilliantly original book” (Katha Pollitt, Washington Post Book World), she argues that women were a powerful economic force in the ancient world, with their own industry: fabric.” -Publisher
Bauer, Susan Wise
Norton 2007 Dewey Dec. 930
“This is the first volume in a bold new series that tells the stories of all peoples, connecting historical events from Europe to the Middle East to the far coast of China, while still giving weight to the characteristics of each country. Susan Wise Bauer provides both sweeping scope and vivid attention to the individual lives that give flesh to abstract assertions about human history.Dozens of maps provide a clear geography of great events, while timelines give the reader an ongoing sense of the passage of years and cultural interconnection. This old-fashioned narrative history employs the methods of “history from beneath”–literature, epic traditions, private letters and accounts–to connect kings and leaders with the lives of those they ruled.” – Publisher
Bogucki, Peter, ed.
Facts on File 2008 Dewey Dec. 930
First of four volumes, but the others are not available online. “Each entry explores a specific topic across the entire world, beginning with an introduction that outlines the major developments in chronological sequence, followed by subsections on the following centers of civilization: Africa, Egypt, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Greece, Rome, and the Americas. Each entry concludes with a list of “”see also”” references to related entries, followed by a further reading list of books, articles, and Web sites on the topic. Primary source documents, sidebars, and more than 250 black-and-white photographs and maps supplement the text.” -Publisher
Contents: Adornment – Agriculture – Architecture – Art – Astronomy – Borders and frontiers – Building techniques and materials – Calendars and clocks – Ceramics and pottery – Children – Cities – Climate and geography – Clothing and footwear – Crafts – Crime and punishment
Botsford, George Willis
MacMillan 1911 Dewey Dec. 930
This volume was intended as a textbook for use in the teaching of Ancient History in U.S. high schools. The first 50+ pages cover Egypt, Mesopotamia, Phoenicians, Hebrews, and the Median and Persian empires, with the lion’s share of the book devoted to Greece and Rome. Botsford also edited ‘A Sourcebook of Ancient History’, with readings from ancient authors that were meant to supplement this textbook. That volume is also available on this webpage.
Botsford, George Willis and Botsford, Lillie Shaw
MacMillan 1912 Dewey Dec. 930
Short reading selections from ancient authors collected together on many topics. The author wrote that this book could be used by students in conjunction with any standard textbook of ancient history, but it was designed specifically to accompany George W. Botsford’s ‘A History of the Ancient World’.
Contents: Book I: The Oriental Nations – Book II: Hellas – Book III: Rome
Ancient Times, a History of the Early World: An Introduction to the Study of Ancient History and the Career of Early Man
Breasted, James Henry
Ginn 1916 Dewey Dec. 930
The author intended this book for high school students. “The book purposes to present the career of man as a whole, in a connected story of expanding life and civilization from the days of the rudest stone hatchet to the Christian cathedrals of Europe, without a serious gap.” -Author’s Preface
Contents: Part I: The earliest Europeans – Part II: The Orient – Part III: The Greeks – Part IV: The Mediterranean world in the Hellenistic Age and the Roman Republic – Part V: The Roman Empire
Bury, J.B. et al.
Cambridge University 1923-1939 Dewey Dec. 930
The Cambridge Ancient History is a multi-volume work of ancient history from Prehistory to Late Antiquity, published by Cambridge University Press. The first series, consisting of 12 volumes, was planned in 1919 by Irish historian J. B. Bury and published between 1924 and 1939, co-edited by Frank Adcock and S. A. Cook. It was part of a larger series of works, along with The Cambridge Medieval History and The Cambridge Modern History, intended to cover the entire history of European civilisation.
Contents: Vol 1: Egypt and Babylonia to 1580 B.C.
Vol 2: The Egyptian and Hittite Empires to c. 1000 B.C.
Vol 3: The Assyrian Empire
Vol 4: The Persian Empire and the West
Vol 5: Athens 478-401 B.C.
Vol 6: Macedon 410-301 B.C.
Vol 7: The Hellenistic Monarchies and the Rise of Rome
Vol 8: Rome and the Mediterranean 218-133 B.C.
Vol 9: The Roman Republic 133-44 B.C.
Vol 10: The Augustan Empire 44 B.C. – A.D. 70
Vol 11: The Imperial Peace A.D. 70-192
Vol 12: The Imperial Crisis and Recover A.D. 193-324
Volumes I-V of Plates
Vol 1: The Ancient World to the Reformation
Chodorow, Stanley, ed.
Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich 1973 Dewey Dec. 930
Essays by a number of historians on a wide variety of topics, mainly in social history
Oxford University 1998 Dewey Dec. 930
“In this superbly illustrated volume, Athens and Rome, the two greatest cities of antiquity, spring to life through the masterful pen of Peter Connolly. For the first time ever, all the evidence has been painstakingly pieced together to reconstruct the architectural wonders of these mighty civilizations. By re-creating their public buildings, their temples, shops, and houses, Connolly reveals every aspect of a person’s life in glorious detail, including religion, food, drama, games, and the baths… In addition to reading about the great monuments and moments of classical Greece and Rome, readers learn about a typical day in the life of an Athenian and a Roman. They read about–and see–the houses people inhabited; attend 5-day festivals and go to the theatre; fight great battles and witness the birth of Rome’s navy; visit temples and spend a day at the races.” -Publisher
Penguin 1994 Dewey Dec. 930
“This survey of the age that laid the foundations of modern Europe and Asia takes a global multicultural approach to the ancient world by including Asian, African, and South Asian societies as well as Athens and Rome.” -Publisher
Contents: Hellenic civilization / J.T. Hooker — The Hellenistic age / Frank W. Walbank — The world of Rome / Andrew Drummond — The empires of Persia / T. Cuyler Young, Jr. — Imperial India / John Brockington — The unification of China / Arthur Cotterell.
Cunliffe, Barry W.
Oxford University 1998 Dewey Dec. 930
“Ranging from the earliest settlements through the emergence of Minoan civilization to the barbarian world at the end of the Roman Empire, Prehistoric Europe provides a fascinating look at how successive cultures adapted to the landscape of Europe. In synthesizing the diverse findings of archeology, Barry Cunliffe and a team of distinguished experts capture the sweeping movements of peoples, the spread of agriculture, the growth of metal working, and the rise and fall of cultures… Now the most recent discoveries of archeology have been synthesized into one exciting volume. Featuring hundreds of stunning photographs, this book provides the most complete account available of the prehistory of European civilization.” -Publisher
Contents: The Peopling of Europe – The Upper Paleolithic Revolution – The Mesolithic Age – The First Farmers – The Transformation of Early Agrarian Europe – The Palace Civilizations of Minoan Crete – The Emergence of Elites – The Collapse of Aegean Civilization – Reformation in Barbarian Europe – Iron Age Societies – Thracians, Scythians, and Dacians – The Impact of Rome – Barbarian Europe
Davis, William S.
Allyn and Bacon 1912 Dewey Dec. 930
These volumes aim “to set before students beginning the study of Ancient History a sufficient amount of source material to illustrated the important facts mentioned in every good textbook. There is also a clear intent to give the reader some taste of the notable literary flavor pervading the histories of Greece and Rome.” -Author’s Preface
Contents: Vol 1. Greece and the East – Vol 2. Rome and the West
Fox, Robin Lane
Basic Books 2006 Dewey Dec. 930
“The classical civilizations of Greece and Rome once dominated the world, and they continue to fascinate and inspire us. Classical art and architecture, drama and epic, philosophy and politics–these are the foundations of Western civilization. In The Classical World, eminent classicist Robin Lane Fox brilliantly chronicles this vast sweep of history from Homer to the reign of Augustus. From the Peloponnesian War through the creation of Athenian democracy, from the turbulent empire of Alexander the Great to the creation of the Roman Empire and the emergence of Christianity, Robin Lane Fox serves as our witty and trenchant guide. He introduces us to extraordinary heroes and horrific villains, great thinkers and blood-thirsty tyrants. Throughout this vivid tour of two of the greatest civilizations the world has ever known, we remain in the hands of a great master.” -Publisher
Oxford University 1996 Dewey Dec. 930
“This is a unique and comprehensive introduction to the ancient Mediterranean and its three major civilizations, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. It reveals a fascinating picture of the deep links between the cultures across the Mediterranean and explores the ways in which these civilizations continue to be influential to this day. Beginning with the emergence of the earliest Egyptian civilization around 3200 BC, Charles Freeman follows the history of the Mediterranean over a span of four millennia to AD 600, beyond the fall of the Roman empire in the west to the emergence of the Byzantine empire in the east.” -Publisher
Fustel de Coulanges, Numa D.
Johns Hopkins University 1980 Dewey Dec. 930
“Originally published in 1864 as La Cité Antique, this remarkable work describes society as it existed in Greece during the age of Pericles and in Rome at the time of Cicero. Working with only a fraction of the materials available to today’s classical scholar, Fustel de Coulanges fashioned a complete picture of life in the ancient city, resulting in a book impressive today as much for the depth of its portrait as for the thesis it presents.” -Book cover
Geary, Patrick J.
Princeton University 2002 Dewey Dec. 936
“Modern-day Europeans by the millions proudly trace back their national identities to the Celts, Franks, Gauls, Goths, Huns, or Serbs–or some combination of the various peoples who inhabited, traversed, or pillaged their continent more than a thousand years ago. According to Patrick Geary, this is historical nonsense. The idea that national character is fixed for all time in a simpler, distant past is groundless, he argues in this unflinching reconsideration of European nationhood. Few of the peoples that many Europeans honor as sharing their sense of ”nation” had comparably homogeneous identities; even the Huns, he points out, were firmly united only under Attila’s ten-year reign. Geary dismantles the nationalist myths about how the nations of Europe were born. He contrasts the myths with the actual history of Europe’s transformation between the fourth and ninth centuries–the period of grand migrations that nationalists hold dear.” -Book jacket
Contents: The crisis of European identity — A poisoned landscape : ethnicity and nationalism in the nineteenth century — Imagining peoples in antiquity — Barbarians and other Romans — New barbarians and new Romans — The last barbarians? — Toward new European peoples
Gimbutas, Marija A.
University of California 1999 Dewey Dec. 930
“The Living Goddesses crowns a lifetime of innovative, influential work by one of the twentieth-century’s most remarkable scholars. Marija Gimbutas wrote and taught with rare clarity in her original–and originally shocking–interpretation of prehistoric European civilization. Gimbutas flew in the face of contemporary archaeology when she reconstructed goddess-centered cultures that predated historic patriarchal cultures by many thousands of years.” -Publisher
Contents: PART I: RELIGION IN PREPATRIARCHAL EUROPE: Images of goddesses and gods – Symbols, signs, and sacred script – The tomb and the womb — Temples – Sacred stone and wood ceremonial centers – Matrilineal social structure as mirrored in religion and myth
PART II: THE LIVING GODDESSES: The Minoan religion in Crete – The Greek religion – The Etruscan religion – The Basque religion – The Celtic religion – The Germanic religion – The Baltic religion
Futura 1975 Dewey Dec. 930
“2,000 years ago, the Phoenicians invented the alphabet and built the first ships; they sailed round Africa and may well have crossed the Atlantic. They set up an empire that stretched from Gibraltar to the Lebanese coast and engineered a shipping route from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. No one knows exactly where they came from or why they left no literature behind them, but Gerhard Herm has followed their trade routes, examined their ruined cities and few written records in an attempt to solve the enigma. The result is a brilliant picture of one of the most magnificent of Mediterranean cultures, a book which became the leading bestseller in its native Germany.” -Book cover
Thames and Hudson 1989 Dewey Dec. 930
“With the skill of a forensic scientist, Dr. Mallory traces the immediate origins of each of the Indo-European peoples of Europe and Asia. By comparing their languages he demonstrates their common cultural heritage, and through the technique of comparative mythology he examines their earliest beliefs.” -Publisher
Contents: The discovery of the Indo-Europeans — The Indo-Europeans in Asia — The Indo-Europeans in Europe — Proto-Indo-European culture — Indo-European religion — The Indo-European homeland problem — The archaeology of the Proto-Indo-Europeans — Indo-European expansions
Benchmark 2002 Dewey Dec. 930
Contents: History: a civilization of city-states: Canaanite heritage — Sea peoples — Rise of the Phoenician cities — Tyre, the jewel of cities — Phoenicians abroad — Armies from the east — And then the Greeks — Carthage — Carthage versus Rome — Cultural history: traders, craftspeople, sailors, writers: Phoenician arts — Purple of Tyre and cedar of Lebanon — Builders — Seafarers — First alphabet — But where are the Phoenician writers? — Carthage — Another loss — Belief system: the family of gods: Gods and goddesses — Larger family of deities — Temples and high places — Sacrifice — Death and the afterlife — Carthaginians — Beliefs and society: old stories, and some new ideas: Baal and Adonis — Phoenician gods in Israel — Child sacrifice, true or not? — How the Greeks viewed the Phoenicians — Legacy of the Phoenicians: Phoenicians in the modern world: Echoes from ancient times — Today’s “Phoenicians” — “Phoenicia” today — The Phoenicians: a time line
Chronicles of the Barbarians: Firsthand Accounts of Pillage and Conquest, from the Ancient World to the Fall of Constantinople
McCullough, David W.
History Book Club 1998 Dewey Dec. 936
“The very word “barbarians” conjures up images of savage warriors, cruel conquerors, and battles marked by ruthless carnage. This compilation of primary sources presents dozens of striking accounts of the exotic customs and fierce deeds of those considered barbarians by the writers of these eyewitness reports. The authors, mostly near-contemporaries of the events they describe, range from classical historians like Herodotus and Tacitus, to generals, ambassadors, and ordinary soldiers. In often colorful prose, they describe the exploits of legendary warriors such as Attila the Hun, Genghis Khan, and Tamerlane (reputed to erect pyramids of skulls before the gates of captured cities), along with Viking raids, Mongol invasions, epic battles, and general depravity.” -Publisher
Contents: A barbarian chronology — Barbarians on the landscape — The Greeks’ barbarians — Rome encounters the Celts — Gaul — Germany — Britain — The Goths turn south to Rome — The Huns — The Vandals — The Vikings — Ireland — Genghis Khan — Mongols and Tartars — Tamerlane — The Crusades : infidel against infidel
John Murray 1908 Dewey Dec. 930
“Professor Michaelis gives an account of archaeological discovery during the last century. It is a work showing intimate knowledge; … a record of what the writer learned as the scroll of excavation and research was gradually unrolled.” – Preface
Contents: Our knowledge of ancient art up to the close of the eighteenth century – The Napoleonic period – Hellas regained – The sepulchres of Etruria and ancient painting – Discoveries in the East – Greek sanctuaries – Ancient cities – Prehistory and primitive Greece – Single discoveries on classic soil – Single discoveries in outlying countries – Discoveries and science
Aldine 1966 Dewey Dec. 930
“This book interprets the main lines of European prehistory from the first agricultural communities in the sixth or even seventh millennium B.C. until the incorporation of much of barbarian Europe within the Roman Empire… The later Celtic world of Europe and the British Isles is examined, and an attempt made to estimate the contribution of the older barbarian world to the Europe, which emerged from the ruins of the Roman Empire, geographically, the book ranges over the whole European field, from the Atlantic shores to the Urals and the Caucasus. While it does not pretend to be a prehistory of Europe within the period chosen, the book does bring together and discuss for the first time much scattered and often little-known archaeological evidence.” -Publisher
Contents: Background of the inquiry – The earliest agriculturalists – Trade, metal-working and consolidation – Climax and change – New techniques and peoples – The Celtic world and its aftermath
Powell, Barry B.
Prentice Hall 2001 Dewey Dec. 930
“For courses in Classical Mythology in Classics, English, or other departments. Comprehensive and scholarly, this well-designed and class-tested text presents Greek and Roman myths in a lively and easy-to-read manner. It features fresh translations, numerous illustrations (ancient and modern) of classical myths and legends, and commentary that emphasizes the anthropological, historical, religious, sociological, and economic contexts in which the myths were told.” -Publisher
Contents: The nature of myth — The cultural context of classical myth — The development of classical myth — Myths of creation : the rise of Zeus — Myths of creation : the origins of mortals — Myths of the Olympian gods : the male dieties — Myths of the Olympians : the female dieties — Myths of fertility : Demeter and the great goddess — Myths of fertility : Dionysus — Myths of death : encounters with the Underworld — Introduction to heroic myth — Perseus and Myths of the Argive Plain — Heracles — Theseus and the myths of Athens — The myths of Crete — Oedipus and the myths of Thebes — Jason and the myths of Iolcus and Calydon — The Trojan War : the house of Atreus : the anger of Achilles — The Trojan War : the fall of Troy : the return of Agamemnon — The Return of Odysseus — Roman myth — Theories of myth interpretation
Price, Simon and Peter Thonemann
Viking 2011 Dewey Dec. 930
“In The Birth of Classical Europe, the latest entry in the Penguin History of Europe, historians Simon Price and Peter Thonemann present a fresh perspective on classical culture in a book full of revelations about civilizations we thought we knew. In this impeccably researched and immensely readable history we see the ancient world unfold before us, with its grand cast of characters stretching from the great Greeks of myth to the world-shaping Caesars. A landmark achievement, The Birth of Classical Europe provides insight into an epoch that is both incredibly foreign and surprisingly familiar.” -Publisher
Contents: The Aegean world: Minoans, Mycenaeans and Trojans: c.1750-1100 BC — The Mediterranean, the Levant and Middle Europe: 1100-800 BC — Greece, Phoenicians and the Western Mediterranean: 800-480 BC — Greece, Europe and Asia: 480-334 BC — Alexander the great and the Hellenistic world: 334-146 BC — Rome, Carthage and the West: 500-146 BC — Rome, Italy and empire: 146 BC- AD 14 — The Roman empire: AD 14-284 — The later Roman empire: AD 284-425.
MIT 1969 Dewey Dec. 930
“Assembling a wealth of detail that will fascinate without overwhelming the reader, the ten contributors impart a feeling for the ways in which the people went about their daily business of earning their livelihood, entertaining themselves, creating their art and artifacts, fine and folk. All of this is illuminated by over 100 illustrations. The sources of this material are evenly divided between recent discoveries of modern archaeology and the literary and artistic record that has been a proud part of the West’s heritage for many centuries. Numerous passages from the classics are quoted (most freshly translated) and numerous art objects pictured. As archaeology’s contribution, the editor notes that the writers of the various chapters “.. wished to show how classical archaeology can help to explain ancient technology, how it can be used to work out an historical process and to illuminate some characteristic activity…” -Book jacket
Contents: Greek building / Robert Scranton — Roman imperial building (31 B.C-A.D. 138) / James E. Packer — Bronze working: sculpture and other objects / Dorothy Kent Hill — Stone carving: sculpture / Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway — Pottery manufacture / Joseph Veach Noble — Farming / Grundy Steiner — Sailing / Lionel Casson — Trading / Carl Roebuck — Musicians and music / Ann Knudsen Khalil — Actors and acting / Elizabeth R. Gebhard
Greece, the Hellenistic World and the Rise of Rome
Sabin, Phillip et al.
Cambridge University 2007 Dewey Dec. 930
“Warfare was the single biggest preoccupation of historians in antiquity. In recent decades fresh textual interpretations, numerous new archaeological discoveries and a much broader analytical focus emphasizing social, economic, political and cultural approaches have transformed our understanding of ancient warfare. Volume I of this two-volume History reflects these developments and provides a systematic account, written by a distinguished cast of contributors, of the various themes underlying the warfare of the Greek world from the Archaic to the Hellenistic period and of Early and Middle Republican Rome. For each broad period developments in troop-types, equipment, strategy and tactics are discussed. These are placed in the broader context of developments in international relations and the relationship of warfare to both the state and wider society.” -Publisher
Starr, Chester G.
1965 Dewey Dec. 930
In a long and distinguished career, Chester Starr has written on topics ranging from early man, to the early Athenian democracy, to the role of sea power in the classical world. This volume offers an account of early world history from the rise of the first cities to the fall of the Roman Empire. Though Greece and Rome occupy center stage, the author also surveys the cities and empires of Mesopotamia, India from the early Indus civilization to the Gupta state, and China from the Hsia dynasty to the Han empire.
A Study of Intellectual and Spiritual Growth from Early Times to the Establishment of Christianity
Taylor, Henry O.
MacMillan 1896 Dewey Dec. 930
“The present work is an attempt to treat human development from the standpoint of the ideals of the different races, as these ideals disclose themselves in the art and literature, in the philosophy and religion, and in the conduct and political fortunes of each race. I have sought to make clear the nature of the contribution made by each to the stages of human growth reached before the Christian era … The work is based, as far as possible, upon the ancient sources.” -Author’s Preface
Winstone, H. V. F.
Constable 1985 Dewey Dec. 930
Traces the discovery of archaeological sites in Greece, Egypt, Mycenae, Troy, Babylon, and Ur and discusses the individuals who expanded our knowledge of ancient civilizations.
Contents: Pioneers – Layard and Rawlinson – Nineveh revealed – The riddle of Greece – Egypt and the Pharaohs – The promised land – Lands of the twin rivers – Egypt and the Israelites – Mycenae, Troy and Knossos – The gates of Ishtar – Gods, kings and legends – Epilogue
University of California 1997 Dewey Dec. 930
“Between 334 and 324 B.C. the Macedonian army, led by Alexander the Great, marched relentlessly across Asia. An event of bravery and cruelty, endurance and greed, Alexander’s expedition was a turning point in human history. His conquest opened up contacts between Europe and Asia, unleashing astonishing historical energies that continue to affect the world today. This extraordinary book recreates Alexander’s 22,000 mile, ten-year expedition from Greece to India, following as much as possible the actual route of his journey.” -Publisher
Sterling 1994 Dewey Dec. 930
“Step into this lavishly illustrated time machine to unlock the secrets and hidden treasures of the first city-dwellers and their descendants. Visit ancient Mesopotamia (now Iraq), Egypt, India, China, and the Americas, where 5,000 years ago city civilizations developed for the first time in human history. Filled with a wealth of color and B & W photos, this extraordinary book provides a unique tool for studying the birth of civilization. By looking at art, architecture, technology, social organization, writings, and other points common to the areas surveyed, you’ll see the amazing parallels that developed in these independent societies, as well as their points of divergence.” -Publisher
Contents: Iraq : the cradle of civilization — India : empire of the Spirit — China : the mandate of heaven — Egypt : the habit of civilization — Central America : the burden of time — The Barbarian West.