Women’s History, Women in American and World History – Thousands of free online books. Feminism, collective biographies, women’s work, daily life on the American frontier, Medieval women, Civil War women, ancient Egypt, ancient Rome. many more topics, places and time periods.
Hint: When a book you want to borrow at Internet Archive is already checked out, go to the Internet Archive’s ‘Search’ box, check “Search Metadata”, and search for the book’s title. Sometimes they have two or more copies.
About 6,500 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Women History”. Be patient as the page loads. Some books: Women in World History (many volumes), History of Women in Aviation, Women Sailors & Sailors’ Women, Bibliography of the History of Women in Canada, 100 Women Who Shaped World History, 300 Notable Women Passed By, Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History, Women and Redemption: a theological history, Women in European History, Women in Christian History: a bibliography, The Force of Women in Japanese History, The Most Evil Women in History, A History of Women: from ancient goddesses to Christian saints, Women in Latin America and the Caribbean, Changing History: women, power and politics, Caribbean Women in Historical Perspective, Wonder Women: 25 innovators, inventors and trailblazers who changed history, History of Women Journalists, European Women: a documentary history 1789-1945, Recasting Women: essays in colonial history, Women and Judaism, Encyclopedia of Women in World History, Women Artists in History, Women in the History of Rhetoric, Women Artists in the Modern Era, Women and the Noose: a history of female education, Women, History and Theory, German Women in the 19th Century, Women Writers of the 1930s, Medieval Women: a social history of women in England 450-1500, Images of Women in the History of Philosophy, many more books on Women in History.
You may also like our collection of articles on women’s history.
Almost 2,000 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Women United States History”. Some books: Women in American History: a bibliography, History of Women and Business in the U.S., Album of Women in American History, History of Women in the U.S. (several volumes), History of Women in Congress, Multicultural Economic History of Women in the U.S., History in Documents of the Women’s Movement in the U.S., Women and Addiction in the U.S., Women Religious History Sources: guide to repositories in the U.S., History of Wage-earning women in the U.S., Great Women in American History, An Intellectual History of Feminism in the U.S., History of Catholic Colleges for Women in the U.S., Women and Slavery in the U.S., Women in Spiritual and Communitarian Societies in the U.S., Library of Congress Guide for the Study of Women’s History and Culture in the U.S., American Women: their lives in their words, American Women Sculptors, An Economic History of American Women, many more books on Women in American History.
Alcott, Louisa May
Boston: Roberts 1885 Dewey Dec. 973.7
“Several years before Louisa May Alcott created “Little Women” (1868), her most well- known novel, she worked as a nurse at a soldiers’ hospital in Washington, D.C., during the Civil War. Drawing on that experience, Alcott wrote ‘Hospital Sketches’ (1863), a vivid account that offers rich insights into women’s wartime roles, the shocking conditions in soldiers’ hospitals, the lives of the soldiers themselves, and the racial prejudice of the time. Alice Fahs’s introduction supplies biographical, literary, and historical context for Alcott’s work.” -Publisher
Contents: Obtaining supplies — A forward movement — A day — A night — Off duty — A postscript — The King of Clubs and the Queen of Hearts — Mrs. Podgers’ teapot — My contraband — Love and loyalty — A modern Cinderella — The Blue and the Gray — A hospital Christmas — An hour.
Holt 2006 Dewey Dec. 973.5
“An extraordinary American comes to life in this vivid, groundbreaking portrait of the early days of the republic – and the birth of modern politics. Within a few years [of her arrival in Washington in 1812], she had mastered both the social and political intricacies of the city, and by her death in 1849 was the most celebrated person in Washington… Catherine Allgor reveals that while Dolley’s gender prevented her from openly playing politics, those very constraints of womanhood allowed her to construct an American democratic ruling style, and to achieve her husband’s political goals. And the way that she did so – by emphasizing cooperation over coercion, building bridges instead of bunkers – has left us with not only an important story about our past but a model for a modern form of politics.” -Publisher
Contents: Prologue — 1. Mrs. Madison goes to Washington — 2. Meeting Madison — 3. Lady about town — 4. Social work — 5. The merry affair — 6. Portrait of a lady — 7. Sex, lies, and the election of 1808 — 8. Lady presidentess — 9. Presiding genius — 10. “The great centre of attraction” — 11. Family matters — 12. The Republican Queen — 13. Affairs to remember — 14. “Mr. Madison’s war” — 15. Potomac phoenix — 16. To home and history — 17. Legacies — Epilogue.
University of Virginia 2000 Dewey Dec. 973.5
“When Thomas Jefferson moved his Republican administration into the new capital city in 1801, one of his first acts was to abolish any formal receptions, except on specific holidays. However, without the face-to-face relationships and networks created in society, the American experiment in government could not function. Into this conundrum stepped women like Dolley Madison and Louisa Catherine Adams, women of political families who used the unofficial, social sphere to cement the relationships that politics needed to work.” -Publisher.
Contents: President Thomas Jefferson in Washington City — Dolley Madison takes command — Washington women in public — Louisa Catherine Adams campaigns for the presidency — The fall of Andrew Jackson’s cabinet
Andrews, Matthew Page, comp.
Baltimore: Norman, Remington 1920 Dewey Dec. 973.7
“The following pages depict the life of the southern people within the lines of the Confederacy during the four years of its storm-tossed existence. The greater part of the material is given in the words of those who were a part of the times in which they lived …[Editorial notes were added that] bar upon related events of larger historical import…” -Author’s Preface
Contents: (15 of 34 chapter headings are shown here) Genius of the southern woman – Wartime experiences of Elizabeth Waring Duckett; interviews with Lincoln and encounters with Stanton – The publication and singing of “My Maryland” – Excerpts from the diary of Judith Brockenbrough McGuire – Caring for wounded foes – Mrs. Betsy Sullivan, “Mother of the First Tennessee Regiment” – Capture and imprisonment of Mrs. William Kirby – Mrs. Betty Taylor Philips, “mother” of the “Orphan Brigade” – Captain Sally Tompkins, C.S.A. – The Florence Nightingale of the South – A night on the field of battle – The ride of Roberta Pollock – The diary of Mrs. Judith Brockenbrough McGuire (continued) – A last song in a burning home
1962 Dewey Dec. 940.2
“The theme of this extraordinary book is the emergence of the modern conception of family life and the modern image of the nature of children. The discovery of childhood as a distinct phase of life, M. Aries shows, is a recent event. Until the end of the Middle Ages, the child was, almost as soon as he was weaned, regarded as a small adult, who mingled, competed, worked and played with mature adults. Only gradually did parents begin to encourage the separation of adults and children, and a new family attitude, oriented around the child and his education, appeared.” – Book jacket
Aries, Philippe and Georges Duby
Belknap Press 1987 Dewey Dec. 940.1
Vol 1: ‘From Pagan Rome to Byzantium’, Paul Veyne, editor — Vol 2. ‘Revelations of the Medieval World’, Georges Duby, editor — Vol 3. ‘Passions of the Renaissance’, Roger Chartier, editor — Vol 4. ‘From the Fires of Revolution to the Great War’, Michelle Perrot, editor. There is also a fifth volume, covering WWI to the 1990s, that was not found online.
“First of the widely celebrated and sumptuously illustrated series, this book reveals in intimate detail what life was really like in the ancient world. Behind the vast panorama of the pagan Roman empire, the reader discovers the intimate daily lives of citizens and slaves–from concepts of manhood and sexuality to marriage and the family, the roles of women, chastity and contraception, techniques of childbirth, homosexuality, religion, the meaning of virtue, and the separation of private and public spaces.
The emergence of Christianity in the West and the triumph of Christian morality with its emphasis on abstinence, celibacy, and austerity is startlingly contrasted with the profane and undisciplined private life of the Byzantine Empire. Using illuminating motifs, the authors weave a rich, colorful fabric ornamented with the results of new research and the broad interpretations that only masters of the subject can provide.” -Publisher description of Vol 1.
Atkinson, Clarissa W.
Cornell University 1991 Dewey Dec. 940.1
“After tracing the roots of medieval ideologies of motherhood in early Christianity, the author reconstructs the physiological assumptions underlying medieval notions about women’s bodies and reproduction. She then describes the development of “spiritual motherhood” both as a concept emerging out of monastic ideologies in the early Middle Ages and as a reality in the lives of certain remarkable women” -Book jacket
Contents: Christian motherhood: “Who is my mother”? — Physiological motherhood: The wandering womb — Spiritual motherhood: Extraordinary women in the early Middle Ages — Theological motherhood: The Virgin Mother of God — “Mother of love, mother of tears”: Holiness and families in the later Middle Ages — Motherhood reformed: The parson’s wife and her children — The construction of motherhood
A Virginia Girl in the Civil War, 1861-1865; being a record of the actual experiences of the wife of a Confederate officer
Avary, Myrta Lockett, ed.
NY: Appleton 1903 Dewey Dec. 973.7
The author tells of her many travels across the war-torn South, her capture behind enemy lines, her encounter with the famous Belle Boyd, her friendship with the dashing general J E B Stuart, and the devastation suffered by the citizens of Richmond in the last days of the Confederacy.
Contents: (15 of 27 chapter headings) Home life in a southern harbor – How I met Dan Grey – The first days of the Confederacy – The realities of war – I meet Belle Boyd and see Dick in a new light – SA faithful slave and a hospital ward – Traveling through Dixie in war times – By flag of truce – I make up my mind to run the blockade – I cross the country in an ambulance and the Pamunkey on a lighter – The old order – A dangerous masquerade – A last farewell – The little Jew boy and the provost’s deputy – I fall in the hands of the enemy
Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times
Barber, Elizabeth Wayland
Norton 1994 Dewey Dec. 930
“New discoveries about the textile arts reveal women’s unexpectedly influential role in ancient societies. Twenty thousand years ago, women were making and wearing the first clothing created from spun fibers. In fact, right up to the Industrial Revolution the fiber arts were an enormous economic force, belonging primarily to women… Elizabeth Wayland Barber has drawn from data gathered by the most sophisticated new archaeological methods–methods she herself helped to fashion. In a “brilliantly original book” (Katha Pollitt, Washington Post Book World), she argues that women were a powerful economic force in the ancient world, with their own industry: fabric.” -Publisher
An English wife in Berlin; A Private Memoir of Events, Politics, and Daily Life in Germany Throughout the War and the Social Revolution of 1918
Blücher von Wahlstatt, Evelyn Mary Stapleton-Bretherton
1920 Dewey Dec. 940.3
Bullock, Edna D., comp.
H. W. Wilson 1915 Dewey Dec. 362.8
In the first decades of the 20th century publisher H.W. Wilson produced many volumes in its Debaters’ Handbook Series on social and political issues that were under discussion at the time. Each book contains the full text of selected articles and documents representing opposing views on the issue, along with a substantial bibliography of books and articles.
Most of the books mentioned in these guides are likely to be freely available online. Search by title; first at the Internet Archive (archive.org), then at HathiTrust.org. Referenced magazine articles may also be available online at the same sites, with HathiTrust the preferred site for magazines.
Capel, Anne K.
Hudson Hills 1996 Dewey Dec. 932
“Masterpieces or Egyptian art dating from 3000 to 300 B.C. have been brought together from great American museum and private collections to illuminate the role of women in ancient Egyptian society. This magnificent volume explores the full spectrum of women’s lives and pursuits through three millennia of history. Separate essays cover ” Women’s Work: Some Occupations of Nonroyal Women as Depicted in Ancient Egyptian Art”; “In Women Good and Bad Fortune Are On Earth: Status and Roles of Women in Egyptian Culture” and “The Legal Status of Women in Ancient Egypt”… But the dazzling centerpiece of ‘Mistress of the House’ is devoted to more than one hundred objects assembled for the accompanying exhibition.” -Book jacket
Flamingo 1993 Dewey Dec. 951
The story of three generations in twentieth-century China that blends the intimacy of memoir and the panoramic sweep of eyewitness history—a bestselling classic in thirty languages with more than ten million copies sold around the world, now with a new introduction from the author.
An engrossing record of Mao’s impact on China, an unusual window on the female experience in the modern world, and an inspiring tale of courage and love, Jung Chang describes the extraordinary lives and experiences of her family members: her grandmother, a warlord’s concubine; her mother’s struggles as a young idealistic Communist; and her parents’ experience as members of the Communist elite and their ordeal during the Cultural Revolution. Chang was a Red Guard briefly at the age of fourteen, then worked as a peasant, a “barefoot doctor,” a steelworker, and an electrician. As the story of each generation unfolds, Chang captures in gripping, moving—and ultimately uplifting—detail the cycles of violent drama visited on her own family and millions of others caught in the whirlwind of history.
1919 Dewey Dec. 940.2
Introductory – Capitalists – Agriculture – Textiles – Crafts And Trades – Professions – Conclusion
Bobbs-Merrill 1967 Dewey Dec. 932
This volume covers what little is known about the personal lives of the five queens (Hashepsowe, Tiye, Nefertiti, Ankhesnamun, Nefertari), and shows the detective process by which information has been extracted from objects recovered by archaeologists. The author also presents “animated portraits of the women who served them, dressed their hair, sang songs, baked bread, poured wine. One cannot help but make a more direct identification with these lively ladies than with the “prim matrons of Rome or the marble goddesses of Greece””. -Book jacket
In Detroit Courage was the Fashion. The Contribution of Women to the Development of Detroit from 1701 to 1951
Crathern, Alice Tarbell
Detroit: Wayne University 1953
In 1951 the City of Detroit celebrated its 250th year. Business and professional women of Detroit set up a committee to gather material on the contribution of women to Detroit life, and they asked Professor Alice Crathern to produce this history. She organized it into the following chapters, showing how women, individually and through their organizations, contributed to the welfare of Detroit’s population, and to civic life.
-Homemakers -For the Children -Educators -For the Sick -Philanthropists -Club Women -Artists -Crusaders -Women in Business, the Professions, and Industry -Women in Public Affairs
Facts on File 2000 Dewey Dec. 305.4
The Encyclopedia of Women’s History in America recounts in accurate detail the events, movements, court cases, documents and important figures that make up women’s history in America. From a biography of colonial poet Anne Bradstreet to a discussion of the “glass ceiling,” this engagingly written resource provides sound, reliable information on virtually every aspect of the experiences and achievements of women in the United States.
Over 500 entries comprise this authoritative and comprehensive encyclopedia, including: Phyllis Wheatley, Violence Against Women Act, contraception, Roe v. Wade, Susan B. Anthony, women in the military, year of the woman, Take Our Daughters to Work Day, Fire With Fire, and All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Dean, Ruth and Melissa Thomson
2005 Dewey Dec. 940.2
Women of the Renaissance brings to life the daily work and notable achievements of early modern women in their roles as wives and mothers, caregivers, workers, religious leaders, queens, rebels, pirates, scholars, writers and artists.
Contents: Introduction : worlds of the Renaissance — Wives, mothers, and caregivers — Women at work — Women in religious life — Women who filled the role of queen — Political leaders, rebels, and pirates — Women scholars and scientists — Women writers — Women artists
Pantheon 1983 Dewey Dec. 940.1
“This ambitious study sets out to discover what marriage meant in the daily lives of the nobles of the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries. Through entertaining anecdotes, family dramas, and striking quotations, Duby succeeds in bringing his subjects to life, making us feel as if we understand the motives and conflicts of those who inhabited the distant past.” -Publisher
Contents: The marriages of King Philip I — Moral values : priests and knights — Marriage according to Bourchard — Robert the pious — Princes and knights — The heretics — The lives of the saints, male and female — Guibert of Nogent — Yves of Chartres — The royal family — Literature — The lords of Amboise — The counts of Guines.
Duby, Georges and Michelle Perrot, eds.
Belknap 1992 Dewey Dec. 940.1
Contents: Christiane Klapisch-Zuber, editor. Writing the history of women / G. Duby, M. Perrot ; Including women / C. Klapisch-Zuber ; The clerical gaze / J. Dalarun ; The nature of women / C. Thomasset ; The protected woman / C. Casagrande ; The good wife / S. Vecchio ; Regulating women’s fashion / D.O. Hughes ; Women from the fifth to the tenth century / S.F. Wemple ; The feudal order / P. L’Hermitage-Leclercq ; The courtly model / G. Duby ; Life in the Late Middle Ages / C. Opitz ; The world of women / F. Piponnier ; The imagined woman / C. Frugoni ; Literary and mystical voices / D. Regnier-Bohler — Affidavits and confessions / G. Duby
Chicago, U.S.A. 1893, with portraits, biographies and addresses
Eagle, Mary Kavanaugh Oldham, ed.
Conkey 1894 Dewey Dec. 305.4
“As a part of the Columbian Exposition … there was a daily gathering of women, who, in a great building devoted to their uses, expressed their ideas regarding the social, business and political affairs of humankind and all that pertains to making a greater future for the human race. This book reproduces the ideas advance by these women, who represented the civilized world.” – from the Publishers’ Preface
This large volume contains over 150 papers by representatives of many states and countries that were given as addresses in the Woman’s Building during the exposition. There are brief biographies for each author, and portraits of most.
For works on the World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893, see: Illinois Cultural History: Education, Recreation, the Arts
Ellet, E F.
New York: Scribner 1852
“In this interesting volume, we have 59 extended biographical sketches of wives and mothers who ventured into the western wilds, and bore their part in the struggles and labors of the early pioneers. Most of the biographies were prepared from private records, and are authentic in every respect; none had appeared previous to their publication in this work.”
– Peter G. Thomson, A Bibliography of the State of Ohio (1880)
Faust, Drew Gilpin
Univ. of North Carolina 1996 Dewey Dec. 973.7
When Confederate men marched off to battle, white women across the South confronted unaccustomed and unsought responsibilities: directing farms and plantations, providing for families, and supervising increasingly restive slaves. As southern women struggled “to do a man’s business”, they found themselves compelled to reconsider their most fundamental assumptions about their identities and about the larger meaning of womanhood. Drew Faust offers a compelling picture of the more than half-million women who belonged to the slaveholding families of the Confederacy during this period of acute crisis. According to Faust, the most privileged of southern women experienced the destruction of war as both a social and a personal upheaval: the prerogatives of whiteness and the protections of ladyhood began to dissolve as the Confederacy weakened and crumbled. Faust draws on the eloquent diaries, letters, essays, memoirs, fiction, and poetry of more than 500 of the Confederacy’s elite women to show that with the disintegration of slavery and the disappearance of prewar prosperity, every part of these women’s lives became vexed and uncertain.
Contents: Introduction: All the relations of life — ch. 1. What shall we do? : women confront the crisis — ch. 2. World of femininity : changed households and changing lives — ch. 3. Enemies in our households : confederate women and slavery — ch. 4. We must go to work, too — ch. 5. We little knew : husbands and wives — ch. 6. To be an old maid : single women, courtship, and desire — ch. 7. Imaginary life : reading and writing — ch. 8. Though thou slay us : women and religion — ch. 9. To relieve my bottled wrath : Confederate women and Yankee men — ch. 10. If I were once released : the garb of gender — ch. 11. Sick and tired of this horrid war : patriotism, sacrifice, and self-interest — Epilogue: We shall never … be the same — Afterword: The burden of Southern history reconsidered.
Felder, Deborah G.
Carol 1999 Dewey Dec. 305.4
A Century of Women chronicles those events that have revolutionized womanhood and, hence, society as a whole in the past one hundred years. Rights and privileges perceived as inalienable today, like the right to vote, sexual freedom, job opportunity, and security provided by laws that prohibit discrimination and sexual harassment, would never have been possible without the effort of women whose saga of determination is told in this book Highlighted here are the lives and works of such groundbreaking women as Amelia Earheart, Shirley Chisholm, the first African-American woman in Congress, Gloria Steinem, co-founder and publisher of Ms. Magazine; and Sally Ride, the first woman astronaut. The struggles of these women and others like them to remove gender obstacles and transform ideals fueled the continual quest for rights and freedom around the world in the twenty-first century. A Century of Women also celebrates events that forever changed history, such as the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, guaranteeing women the right to vote; the founding of the National Council of Negro Women in 1935; the inception of the National Organization for Women in 1966; and the passing of the Equal Rights Amendment in 1972. A thoughtful and provocative retrospective of twentieth-century events that have shaped women’s culture and history.
Contents: (1st half of chapter titles) 1900-1909: Carry Nation — The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union formed — Electric washing machine invented — The twilight sleep technique for painless childbirth introduced — National Women’s Trade Union League is Formed — Mary McLeod Bethune founds the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls — 1910-1919: The Mann Act — First women movie stars — Dr. Alice Hamilton — The Triangle Shirwaist fire — The first International Women’s Day — Juliette Gordon founds Girl Scouts — Mary Phelps Jacobs patents the brassiere — Mother’s Day becomes a national holiday — “Vogue” becomes the leading fashion magazine — The Woman’s Peace Party founded — The first birth control clinic opens — Jeanette Rankin is first woman elected to U.S. Congress — WWI — League of Women Voters founded — 1920-1929: Congress ratifies 19th amendment, guaranteeing women the right to vote — Betty Crocker — Miss America — Sheppard-Towner Act — Women track & field athletes included in Amateur Athletic Union — “History of Woman Suffrage” is published — Sex hormones are discovered — Margaret Mead publishes “Coming of age in Samoa” — 1930-1939: The Great Depression — Amelia Earhart flies solo — Sulfa drugs first used against puerperal (childbed) fever — National Council of Negro Women is organized — Margaret Mitchell’s “Gone with the Wind” published — Karen Horney challenges Freudian conceptions of female psychology in “New Ways in Psychoanalysis” — WWII — “Seventeen” Magazine for teens published — First baby boomers born — French fashion designer Louis Reard invents the bikini — “Modern woman: the lost sex”, a postwar treatise on the status of women, is published.
Histories of women in popular culture — Women in popular literature — Women in magazines and magazine fiction — Women in film — Women in television — Women in advertising, fashion, sports, and comics — Theories of women in popular culture
1979 Dewey Dec. 940.2
In this book, the author provides a detailed analysis of kinship, household and family relations in early modern France. He discusses the strength of kinship and family ties, the structure of households, the rights and duties of husband and wife, their authority over their children, the role of the family in education, the position of servants within the family, the attitudes and sentiments of different family members towards each other and the differences between noble and peasant families. He also deals with the changes in the patterns of sexual life that occurred in this period and investigates the beginnings of birth control in the late eighteenth century, and the possibilities or abortion and divorce. Professor Flandrin uses primarily documentary evidence from early modern France, but also draws comparisons with England in the same period, and with the medieval and modern family. His book provides a fascinating account of the intimate life of men and women in past society, and shows how that society has exerted a lasting influence on the behaviour of our contemporaries.
adventures, privations, captivities, trials, and noble lives and deaths of the “pioneer mothers of the Republic”
Fowler, William W.
Williamstown, Mass: Corner House 1878
Numerous brief stories of heroism and hardship on many frontiers throughout American history. Some of the chapter headings are:
– Woman as a Pioneer – Woman’s Work in Floods and Storms – Woman’s Adventures and Heroism – On the Indian Trail – Captive Scouts – Patriot Women of the Revolution – Home Life in the Backwoods – Encounters with Wild Beasts – Courage and Daring
– Woman as a Missionary to the Indians – Woman in the Army – The Comforter and Guardian – Woman as an Educator on the Frontier.
Foy, Jessica H. and Schlereth, Thomas J, eds.
Univ. of Tennessee 1992 Dewey Dec. 973.8
Essay collection. “The book’s contributors study transformations in services (such as home utilities of power, heat, light, water, and waste removal) in servicing (for example, the impact of home appliances such as gas and electric ranges, washing machines, and refrigerators), and in serving (changes in domestic servants’ duties, hours of work, racial and ethnic backgrounds). In blending intellectual and home history, these essays both examine and exemplify the perennial American enthusiasm for, as well as anxiety about, the meaning of modernity”. Publisher.
Contents: Introduction : American homes and American scholars / Thomas J. Schlereth — The modern look of the early twentieth-century house : a mirror of changing lifestyles / Candace M. Volz — The decline of the memory palace : the parlor after 1890 / Katherine C. Grier — Children in the house, 1890 to 1930 / Karin Calvert — Home libraries : special spaces, reading places / Linda M. Kruger — A history of American beds and bedrooms, 1890-1930 / Elizabeth Collins Cromley — “The family that plays together stays together” : family pastimes and indoor amusements, 1890-1930 / Donna R. Braden — Parlor piety : the home as sacred space in Protestant America / Colleen McDannell — Gardens of change / Patricia M. Tice — Coal stoves and clean sinks : housework between 1890 and 1930 / Ruth Schwartz Cowan — Conduits and conduct : home utilities in Victorian America, 1876-1915 / Thomas J. Schlereth –Modernizing domestic service / Daniel E. Sutherland
Free Press 2010 Dewey Dec. 937
“In scandals and power struggles obscured by time and legend, the wives, mistresses, mothers, sisters, and daughters of the Caesars have been popularly characterized as heartless murderers, shameless adulteresses, and conniving politicians in the high dramas of the Roman court. Yet little has been known about who they really were and their true roles in the history-making schemes of imperial Rome’s ruling Caesars; indeed, how they figured in the rise, decline, and fall of the empire. Now, in ‘Caesars Wives’, Annelise Freisenbruch pulls back the veil on these fascinating women in Rome’s power circles, giving them the chance to speak for themselves for the first time. With impeccable scholarship and arresting storytelling, Freisenbruch brings their personalities vividly to life, from notorious Livia and scandalous Julia to Christian Helena.” -Publisher
Gay, Mary Ann Harris
Atlanta: Byrd 1897 Dewey Dec. 973.7
Life in Dixie During the War, first published in 1892, ranks among the best first-person accounts of the American Civil War. Mary A. H. Gay eloquently recounts her wartime experiences in Georgia and bears witness to the “suffering and struggle, defeat and despair, triumph and hope that is human history”. Mary Gay was not only a chronicler, but an active participant in wartime activities; old veterans described her as “unusually brave and fearless”. While her book reads like a novel, it continues to be praised by modern scholars as an honest report of American history.
Contents: (6 of 35 chapter headings) The Magnolia cadets – The war record of DeKalb County – labors of love -musical – Decatur – Labors of love -Knitting and sewing, and writing letters to “our soldiers” – The Third Maryland Artillery – some old songs – A daring and unique chase – the capture and re-capture of the railroad engine, “The General” – Coming home from Camp Chase – the faithful servant’s gift – a glimpse of Confederate braves
Gies, Frances and Gies, Joseph
Crowell 1978 Dewey Dec. 305.4
Medieval history is often written as a series of battles and territorial shifts. But the essential contributions of women during this period have been too often relegated to the dustbin of history. In Women in the Middle Ages, Frances and Joseph Gies reclaim this lost history, in a lively historical survey that charts the evolution of women’s roles throughout the period, and profiles eight individual women in depth. We learn of Hildegarde of Bingen, an abbess who was a noted composer and founded two monasteries; of Eleanor de Montfort, a 13th century Princess of Wales who was captured by Edward I and held as a political prisoner for three years; and women of somewhat more modest means, such as the spouse of an Italian merchant, and a peasant’s wife.
Drawing upon their various stories, talented historians Frances and Joseph Gies—whose books were used by George R.R. Martin in his research for Game of Thrones—offer a kaleidoscopic view of the lives of women throughout this tumultuous period.
Contents: pt. 1: The background. Women in history. Women in the Earlt Middle Ages. Women and feudalism. Eve and Mary — pt. 2: The women. An abbess: Hildegarde of Bingen. A reigning queen: Blanche of Castile. A great lady: Eleanor de Montfort. Piers Plowman’s wife. A city working woman: Agnes li Patiniere of Douai; Women and the Guilds. Margherita Datini: An Italian merchant’s wife. Margaret Paston: A fifteenth century gentlewoman. The Middle Ages and after.
Green, Miranda J.
Braziller 1996 Dewey Dec. 936
“Celtic goddesses presided over war, nature, animals, healing and fertility. Considerable recent interest has been focused on the role of goddesses in ancient societies, though not always with a clear eye on the actual source material. This book, written by one of the leading scholars of Celtic myth and religion, examines the significance of the female in Celtic belief and ritual as expressed in surviving archaeological remains and written sources.” -Publisher
Contents: Women in Celtic society – Goddesses of war – The divine female in Welsh myth – Sovereignty, sexuality and the otherworld in Irish myth – Water-Goddesses, healers and mothers – Love, marriage and partnership among the Goddesses – Priestess, prophetess and Witch – Mistress of the beasts – From Goddess to saint
1986 Dewey Dec. 940.2
Peasant women’s work in the context of marriage. Peasant women’s contribution to the home economy in late Medieval England / Barbara A. Hanawalt — The village ale-wife : women and brewing in fourteenth-century England / Judith M. Bennett — Slaves and domestic servants. To town to serve : urban domestic slavery in Medieval Ragusa / Susan Mosher Stuard — Women servants in Florence during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries / Christiane Klapisch-Zuber — Occupations related to female biology : wet nurses and midwives. Municipal wet nurses in fifteenth-century Montpellier / Leah L. Otis — Early modern midwifery : a case study / Merry E. Wiesner — Urban women in work and business. Women in business in Medieval Montpellier / Kathryn L. Reyerson — Women’s work in a market town : Exeter in the late fourteenth century / Maryanne Kowaleski — Is there a decline in women’s economic position in the sixteenth century? Women in the crafts in sixteenth-century Lyon / Natalie Zemon Davis — Women, the family economy, and the structures of market production in cities of Northern Europe during the late Middle Ages / Martha C. Howell
Harley, Rachel Brett and MacDowell, Betty
Michigan Women’s Studies Association 1995
(Vol 1 was not found online.) “This volume recognizes the achievements of more than five hundred women who have been the first women (or first persons) in their fields or who have been the founders of movements, programs, organizations or institutions that have benefitted our society…. This volume also celebrates the 75th Anniversary of the passage of the Federal Suffrage Amendment. It includes an expanded chronology of Michigan women’s history that highlights Suffrage events, photographs of Suffrage activities, and a Michigan Woman Suffrage Honor Roll that lists by county more than 3,000 women and men who supported the long struggle for women’s right to vote.” -Foreword
Contents: Biographical entries – Photographs of the woman suffrage movement in Michigan – Chronology of Michigan women’s history – Michigan woman suffrage honor roll – List of sources
Hurley, Jennifer A.
Greenhaven 2001 Dewey Dec. 305.4
“This collection of 25 short essays addresses the status of women in America, the differing views of the goals of feminism, and how it has affected our society, and includes the debate over whether or not the movement is obsolete.” SLJ
Contents: Women are the victims of sexism / Andrea C. Poe — Women are not the victims of sexism / Christina Hoff Sommers — Women face discrimination in the workplace / Ida L. Castro — Claims that women face discrimination in the workplace are exaggerated / Elizabeth Fox-Genovese — Violence against women is a serious problem / Ann Jones — Feminists have overstated the problem of violence against women / Rene Denfeld — Women are harmed by societal standards of beauty / Germaine Greer — Women are not harmed by societal standards of beauty / Karen Lehrman — Feminism has expanded women’s choices / Elinor Burkett — Feminism has limited women’s choices / Danielle Crittenden — The sexual revolution has harmed women / F. Carolyn Graglia — Feminism has caused the breakdown of the family / Leslie Anne Carbone — Feminism supports the family / Phyllis Chesler — The feminist movement is dead / Ginia Bellafante — The feminist movement is not dead / Part I: Marcia Ann Gillespie, Part II: Carolyn Waldron — Feminism has abandoned its original principles / Charles Krauthammer — Feminism has not abandoned its original principles / Susan Faludi — Feminists should support abortion rights / Anne Roiphe — Feminists should oppose abortion / Maureen Jones-Ryan — Feminists should work to restrict pornography / Diana Russell, interviewed by Ann E. Menasche — Feminists should work to protect pornography / Wendy McElroy — Feminists should seek international rights for women / Jennie Ruby and Karla Mantilla — Feminists should not seek international rights for women / Paul Craig Roberts — Women’s less than full equality under the U.S. Constitution / Patricia Ireland — Women would not benefit from changes to the U.S. Constitution / Concerned Women for America
Madison: State Historical Society 1951
Labarge, Margaret Wade
Beacon 1986 Dewey Dec. 940.1
Describes the daily life of noblewomen, nuns, and peasants in feudal England and Europe. Looks at the treatment of lepers, beggars, prostitutes, and criminals, and offers brief profiles of prominent medieval women.
Contents: Ch. 1. The Precursors — Ch. 2. The Mould for Medieval Women — Ch. 3. Women who Ruled: Queens — Ch. 4. Women who Ruled: Noble Ladies — Ch. 5. Women who Prayed: Nuns and Beguines — Ch. 6. Women who Prayed: Recluses and Mystics — Ch. 7. Women who Toiled: Townswomen and Peasants — Ch. 8. Women as Healers and Nurses — Ch. 9. Women on the Fringe — Ch. 10. Women’s Contributions to Medieval Culture
Lanker, Brian and Summers, Barbara
Stewart, Tabori & Chang 1989 Dewey Dec. 305.4
Featuring a foreword by Maya Angelou, a newly revised and updated tenth anniversary edition celebrates the achievements of an extraordinary group of African-American women who have had an ongoing effect on our world, from Septima Clark and Barbara Jordan to Clara McBride and Betty Shabazz.
Contents: Rosa Parks — Janet Collins — Eva Jessye — Bertha Knox Gilkey — Alice Walker — Cicely Tyson — Katherine Dunham — Barbara Jordan — Toni Morrison — Althea T.L. Simmons — Maxine Waters — Johnnetta Betsch Cole — Norma Merrick Sklarek — Gwendolyn Brooks — Leontyne Price — Althea Gibson — Ernestine Anderson — Unita Blackwell — Jewel Plummer Cobb — Clara McBride Hale — Ellen Stewart — Beah Richards — Carrie Saxon Perry — Charlayne Hunter-Gault — Constance Baker Motley — Oprah Winfrey — Sonia Sanchez — Georgia Montgomery Davis Powers — Daisy Bates — Marva Nettles Collins — Lena Horne — Willie Mae Ford Smith — Coretta Scott King — Jewell Jackson McCabe — Mary Frances Berry — Ruby Middleton Forsythe — Jean Blackwell Hutson — Anna Arnold Hedgeman. Johnnie Tillmon — Myrlie Evers — Faye Wattleton — Angela Yvonne Davis — Betty Shabazz — Queen Mother Audley Moore — Harriet Elizabeth Byrd — Shirley Chisholm — Wyomia Tyus — Ruby Dee — Leontine T.C. Kelly — Margaret Walker Alexander — Rachel Robinson — Gloria Dean Randle Scott — Marian Wright Edelman — Elizaeth Catlett — Jackie Torrence — Autherine Lucy — Alexa Canady — Yvonne Brathwaite Burke — Dorothy Irene Height — Sarah Vaughan — Josephine Riley Matthews — Niara Sudarkasa — Wilma Rudolph — Odetta — Cora Lee Johnson — Eleanor Holmes Norton — Ophelia DeVore-Mitchell — Sherian Grace Cadoria — Priscilla L. Williams — Leah Chase — Elizabeth Cotten — Marian Anderson — Winson and Dovie Hudson — Maya Angelou — Septima Poinsette Clark.
Leonard, Elizabeth D.
Norton 1999 Dewey Dec. 973.7
Historian Elizabeth Leonard has combed archives, memoirs, and histories to unearth the stories of the hidden and forgotten women who risked their lives for the blue or the gray. These women spied for their cause, remained on the front lines as daughters of the regiments, and even dressed as men and enlisted under aliases to take up arms and fight as soldiers. Here are the stories of Belle Boyd, a proud Confederate loyalist and key player in Stonewall Jackson’s struggle to hold the Shenandoah Valley; army woman Annie Etheridge, whose four long years of courageous work on the field earned her a Kearney Cross for bravery; Sarah Emma Edmonds, who enlisted as “Franklin Thompson,” remained with her regiment as a much-respected soldier for two years, fighting at Fredricksburg and elsewhere; and many other courageous women.
Leonard investigates why these women chose unconventional ways to help their cause. In doing so, she gives us a striking portrait of the lives women led in the nineteenth century and of their ability to break through the traditional barriers of Victorian womanhood.
Contents: The ladies were terrific — A handful of Civil War women spies — The women are the worst of all — The broad scope of female espionage and resistance during the Civil War — Half-soldier heroines — A handful of Civil War army women and their predecessors — As brave as a lion and as pretty as a lamb — More Civil War army women, real and fictional — The beardless boy was a universal favorite — Deborah Sampson and a handful of Civil War women soldiers — To don the breeches, and slay them with a will! — A host of women soldiers — A devoted worker for her cause — The question of motivation.
Lewis, Katherine J. et al., eds.
St. Martin’s 1999 Dewey Dec. 940.1
This study is based on the premise that the category of woman is too broad and needs to be broken down. It is only when other variables are introduced, refining the field of enquiry, that the historian is able to gain a real insight into the lives and experiences of medieval people.
Eight essays. Primarily looking at the 14th and 15th centuries in England, the studies cover prostitution, Joan of Arc, the representation of young women in the Malterer Embroidery, rape in medieval literature, queen-making during the Wars of the Roses, female wardship, virgin martyrs, and maidenhood as the “perfect age of a woman’s life.”
Contents: Maidenhood as the perfect age of woman’s life / Kim M. Phillips — Model Girls? Virgin-martyrs and the training of young women in late Medieval England / Katherine J. Lewis — Crowns and virgins: queenmaking during the Wars of the Roses / Joanna L. Chamnberlayne — A positive representation of the power of young women: the malterer embroidery re-examined / Kristina E. Gouralay — Rape in John Gower’s Confessio amantis and other related works / Isabelle Mast — Joan of Arc: gender an authority in the text of the Trial of condemnation / Lilas G. Edwards — Female wards and marriage in romance and law: a question of consent / Noël James Menuge — Pigs and prostitutes: streetwalking in comparative perspective / P.J.P. Goldberg
Mankiller, Wilma P.
Houghton Mifflin 1998 Dewey Dec. 305.4
“The most inclusive book to date on U.S. women’s collective history! A landmark work, The Reader’s Companion to U.S. Women’s History, gathers together more than 400 articles to offer a diverse, rich, and often neglected panorama of the nation’s past. Written by more than 300 contributors, drawn from various areas of expertise, these narrative and interpretive entries “effectively cover five centuries of women’s experiences” (Bloomsbury Review). Here are articles on cowgirls and child care, on the daily lives of single women and the changing notions of motherhood, on the artistic contributions of women of color and the history of Jewish feminism. Wide-ranging in scope and wonderfully accessible, this unique resource reexamines with fresh clarity and brio the issues and concerns that color the lives of all women. Articles and their contributors include: African American Women, Darlene Clark Hine; Cult of Domesticity, Carroll Smith-Rosenberg; Fashion and Style, Lynn Yaeger; Jazz and Blues, Daphne Duval Harrison; Lesbians, Elizabeth Lapovsky Kennedy; Native American Cultures, Clara Sue Kidwell; Picture Brides, Judy Yung; Salem Witchcraft Trials, Mary Beth Norton; Vietnam Era, Sara M. Evans.” -Publisher
Oxford 2000 Dewey Dec. 305.4
An encyclopedia of American women’s history, this comprehensive reference book features in-depth articles on trends (e.g. birthrates, suburban growth), social movements (civil rights, feminism), ideas and concepts (domesticity, consciousness-raising), institutions (Children’s Bureau, women in Congress), organizations (Girl Scouts of America, League of Women Voters), events (American Revolution), issues (abortion, Equal Rights Amendment), key legal cases (Roe v Wade, Muller v Oregon), laws and constitutional amendments, documents and publications (Ramona, Declaration of Sentiments), ethnic and social groups (African American women, Latinas), overviews (women’s health, women in music and literature), and biographies of notable American women. This Companion is a perfect supplement to The Young Oxford History of Women in the United States.
Peavy, Linda S. and Smith, Ursula
Smithmark 1996 Dewey Dec. 305.4
“Pioneer Women provides a rare look at frontier life through the eyes of the pioneer women who settled the American West. Linda Peavy and Ursula Smith vividly describe the hardships such women endured journeying west and making homes and communities on the frontier. Their hopes and fears and, most of all, their courage in the face of adversity are revealed in excerpts from journals, letters, and oral histories. Illustrated with a fascinating collection of seldom-seen photographs, Pioneer Women reveals the faces as well as the voices of women who lived on the frontier.” -Publisher
Contents: The journey west-Pioneer women on the move — A home in the west-Pioneer women settling in — Behind closed doors-Pioneer women and family dynamics — The work of women’s hands-Pioneer women in action — Molders and shapers-Pioneer women as community builders.
Boston: Walker, Wise 1863
The author, Virginia Penny, dedicated this book, “To Worthy and Industrious Women in the United States, striving to earn a livelihood”.
In the preface the author explained that she researched and wrote this book to help women earn a respectable livelihood. She said that, “the few employments that have been open to women are more than full. To withdraw a number from the few markets of female labor already crowded to excess, by directing them to avenues where they are wanted, would thereby benefit both parties.” The book was written during the Civil War, and she wrote that, “a million of men are on the battle field, and thousands of women, formerly dependent on them, have lost or may lose their only support.” But the need for jobs for women was not a temporary condition that would end with the war. She is intent in helping to open up to women occupations customarily closed to them. She also strongly advocates “… the plan of every female having a practical knowledge of some occupation by which to earn a livelihood.” “If a female is not taught some regular occupation by which to earn a living, what can she do, when friends die, and she is without means?”
The author collected the information in this volume in New York City from 1859 to 1961. She corresponded with or visited hundreds of workplaces, and talked to managers and employees. The work contains 533 articles; more than 500 of them descriptions of occupations in which women were or could be engaged, with descriptions of working conditions, effects on the health, wage rates, a comparison of wages for men and women, time required to learn the business, and other information.
1981 Dewey Dec. 940.2
Part 1: The Employment Of Women In Agriculture – I Women In Agriculture In The Eighteenth Century – II The Agrarian Revolution – III The Appearance Of Women Day Labourers – IV Agricultural Depression And The Poor Law – V Rural Conditions In The Mid-Nineteenth Century.
Part II: Women In Industry And Trade – VI Textile Industries—The Domestic System – VII Textile Industries—The Spinners – VIII Textile Industries—The Handloom Weavers – IX Textile Industries—Factory Workers – X The Smaller Domestic Industries – XI Women’s Work In Mines And Metal Trades – XII Craftswomen And Business Women – XIII Conclusion – Appendix: Occupations Of Women In 1841
Cambridge University 1922 Dewey Dec. 940.1
Excerpt from Medieval English Nunneries: C. 1275 to 1535: “The monastic ideal and the development of the monastic rule and orders have been studied in many admirable books. The purpose of the present work is not to describe and analyse once again that ideal, but to give a general picture of English nunnery life during a definite period, the three centuries before the Dissolution. It is derived entirely from pre-reformation sources, and the tainted evidence of Henry VIII’s commissioners has not been used; nor has the story of the suppression of the English nunneries been told.”
Contents: The Novice – The head of the house – Worldly goods – Monastic housewives – Financial difficulties – Education – Routine and reaction – Private life and private property – Fish out of water – The world in the cloister – The olde daunce – The machinery of reform – The nun in medieval literature –
Harvard University 1993 Dewey Dec. 932
An idealized version of women appears everywhere in the art of ancient Egypt, but the true nature of these women’s lives has long remained hidden. Gay Robins’s book, gracefully written and copiously illustrated, cuts through the obscurity of the ages to show us what the archaeological riches of Egypt really say about how these women lived, both in the public eye and within the family.
The art and written records of the time present a fascinating puzzle. But how often has the evidence been interpreted, consciously or otherwise, from a male viewpoint? Robins conducts us through these sources with an archaeologist’s relish, stripping away layer after interpretive layer to expose the reality beneath. Here we see the everyday lives of women in the economic, legal, or domestic sphere, from the Early Dynastic Period almost 5,000 years ago to the conquest of Alexander in 332 BC. Within this kingdom ruled and run by men, women could still wield influence indirectly–and in some cases directly, when a woman took the position of king. The exceptional few who assumed real power appear here in colorful detail, alongside their more traditional counterparts. Robins examines the queens’ reputed divinity and takes a frank look at the practice of incest within Egypt’s dynasties. She shows us the special role of women in religious rites and offices, and assesses their depiction in Egyptian art as it portrays their position in society.
By drawing women back into the picture we have of ancient Egypt, this book opens a whole new perspective on one of world history’s most exotic and familiar cultures.
Contents: Royal women and queenship – Queens, power, and the assumption of kingship – Marriage – Fertility, pregnancy, and childbirth – The family and the household – Women outside the home – The economic and legal position of women – Women and temple ritual – Personal religion and death – Images of women in literature and art
Rosenthal, Joel T., ed.
University of Georgia 1990 Dewey Dec. 940.1
“Because the records of medieval society were written largely by men and about men, scholars have often assumed that the means for recovering a full picture of the women of that society are simply not available. As this book makes clear, however, the collections of medieval source material contain much more than initially meets the eye. The fifteen essays assembled in ‘Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History’ show that familiar sources can be read in new ways to uncover previously obscured information about the status and roles of women in the social, political, economic, and religious life of medieval Europe.” -Publisher
Contents: Medieval women in French sigillographic sources / Brigitte Bedow- Rezak — Exempla / Jacques Berlioz and Marie Anne Polo de Beaulieu — Sexual equality in medieval canon law / James A. Brundage — German source collections : the Archdiocese of Salzburg as a case study / John B. Freed — The charters of Le Ronceray d’Angers / Penny S. Gold — Women and the sources of medieval history / David Herlihy — Old Norse sources on women / Jenny Jochens — Women and the literature of obstetrics and gynecology / Helen Lemay — “Legal history and the medieval Englishwoman” / Janet Senderowitz Loengard. (Cont) De quibusdam mulieribus : reading women’s history from hostile sources / Jo Ann McNamara — Anglo-Saxon attitudes / Joel T. Rosenthal — Saints’ lives as a source for the history of women, 500-1100 / Jane Tibbetts Schulenburg — Coinage in the name of medieval women / Alan M. Stahl — Sources on medieval women in Mediterranean archives / Susan Mosher Stuard
Scott, Joan W. and Louse A. Tilly
1978 Dewey Dec. 940.2
“First published in 1978, ‘Women, Work and Family’ became a classic of women’s history and is still the only synthetic text on the history of women’s work in England and France. It provides an excellent introduction to the changing roles and status of women in England and France from 1750 to the present. A large and interesting body of material (census lists, biographical and autobiographical material) is masterfully integrated to tell the story of women’s working lives and family relationships in pre-industrial, industrializing, and industrialized economies.” – Book cover
Part I. The Family Economy in Pre-Industrial England and France: – Economy and Demography – Single Women in the Family Economy – Married Women in the Family Economy.
Part II. Industrialization and the Family Wage Economy: – Industrialization – Demographic Change – Women in the Family Wage Economy.
Part III. Toward the Family Consumer Economy: – Occupational and Demographic Change – Women in the Family Consumer Economy – Changes in Women’s Work Since World War II.
Smith, Bonnie G.
1989 Dewey Dec. 940.2
“Unmatched in breadth and scope, Changing Lives is an exciting chronological narrative of women’s experience in Britain and continental Europe from the eighteenth century to the present. This comprehensive and authoritative book fills a great void by synthesizing the historical contributions of both ordinary and famous women—writers, artists, and social and political leaders. The author skillfully details women’s participation in major artistic, cultural, and scientific movements of the times as she integrates women’s experience into the broader currents of modern European social, economic, political, and intellectual history.” – Book cover
Part I. Life and death in the Eighteenth Century — 1. Eighteenth century worlds — 2. Winds of change — 3. The age of revolution
Part II. Work and domesticity in industrializing Europe 1815-1875 — 4. The rise of the woman worker : the early years — 5. The domestic sphere in the Victorian Age — 6. Culture and politics in the nation-state
Part III. A world torn asunder 1875-1925 — 7. Working class life in the Belle Epoque — 8. The new woman — 9. Warriors, pacifists, and revolutionaries
Part IV. The Fruits of Twentieth Century Technology — 10. Consumer culture and the routinization of work — 11. New battles : the rise of dictators and war — 12. Technology and power in the late twentieth century
2005 Dewey Dec. 940.2
A world overthrown : women of the aristocracy — The radical urban vanguard : laborers and market women of Paris — Women of the societies — Women writers — Peasants and villagers — Women and religion — Women soldiers
Trent, Ray S.
Bloomington: Indiana University 1918
The author was a professor of Economics and Sociology in Indiana University. The study applies to working women nation-wide, but one of the author’s stated goals was to influence applicable laws in Indiana.
Watkins, Joanne C.
Columbia University 1996 Dewey Dec. 954
In the Himalayan highlands of northern Nepal, the small group of Tibetan Buddhists known as the Nyeshangte have maintained a gender egalitarian social organization over many years. Nyeshangte women own land, control household money, and have the right to initiate divorce. Most important, they participate equally with men in central social institutions: international trade and Buddhist ritual practice.
Spirited Women explores how the traditional culture of the Nyeshangte has confronted the changes brought about by modernization and the transition to a market economy, as the community has experienced a diaspora extending from the Himalayan highlands to such urban areas as Kathmandu, Singapore, and Hong Kong.
Wisconsin Legislature. Committee on White Slave Traffic and Kindred Subjects
Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society
“In 1913, the Wisconsin Legislature established a committee to investigate the causes of prostitution and other vice in Wisconsin….” “In the 1914 testimony, working women from around the state answered questions at hearings held in Green Bay, La Crosse, Oshkosh, Sheboygan, and Superior. The women worked in a range of jobs from a factory worker at a paper mill, to a store clerk, a landlady and a telephone operator. Committee members asked the women questions about their wages, their working and living conditions, and why they chose to work in a given job, all in an effort to understand what “leads young girls astray” in the words of one investigator.”
– Wisconsin Historical Society, “Turning Points in Wisconsin History” website