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Reformation Europe – 16th & 17th Centuries – Free eBooks

Free online books on European history during the Reformation and after, from about 1500 to 1700. Includes early science, founding of the Jesuit order, world exploration, religious wars, early Protestantism, Renaissance women, the Baroque period, the Thirty Years’ War, Preindustrial Europe, The Armada, Da Vinci, social and political ideas, Humanism, and many more themes.

Europe History Books Pages on Century Past

Hint: When a book you want to borrow at Internet Archive is already checked out, go to the Internet Archive’s ‘Search’ box, check “Search Metadata”, and search for the book’s title. Sometimes they have two or more copies.

Reformation Books Collection

About 300 books from the Internet Archive free online on the subject of Reformation. Some books: The Reformation and Protestant Reaction, The Reformation: a history, The Reformation in England, The Dividing of Christendom, The Reformation in Germany, The Catholic Reformation, England’s Earlies Protestants 1520-1535, The Renaissance and the Reformation, The Reformation in Recent Historical Thought, Erasmus and the Northern Renaissance, This is Luther: character study, The Counter Reformation, The Protestant Reformation in Europe, Lollardy and the Reformation in England, The Social Background of the Reformation, The Jesuits: a study in Counter-Reformation, many more books on the Reformation.

Europe in the Reformation Books Collection

About 160 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Europe Reformation”. Some books: Reformation Europe 1517-1559, Reformation and Society in 16th Century Europe, , The Protestant Reformation in Europe, The Counter-Reformation: Catholic Europe and the Non-Christian World, Women in Reformation and Counter-Reformation Europe, Family Life in Reformation Europe, Reformation and Early Modern Europe, Renaissance and Reformation Almanac, The Age of Humanism and Reformation, The Catholic Reformation, Politics and Society in Reformation Europe, the Social History of the Reformation, Early Modern Europe 1500-1789, Europe and England in the 16th Century, Christendom Destroyed: Europe 1517-1648, Europe in Transition 1300-1520, many more books on Reformation Europe.

You may also like our collection of articles and podcasts about the history of Great Britain & Ireland, 1500-1800.

17th Century Europe Books Collection

About 90 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “17th Century Europe”. Some books: Encyclopedia of the Renaissance, Louis XIV, Shakespeare’s Cross-cultural Encounters, Universities and Society in Pre-industrial Britain, The Age of Discovery, Renaissance Culture and the Everyday, How the Reformation Happened, Rebels and Rulers 1500-1660, The Age of the Baroque 1610-1660, The Age of Power, The Dutch East India Company and the Economy of Bengal, The Expanding World, European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, The Age of Conversation, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, The Lure of Antiquity and the Cult of the Machine, The Magic Circle of Rudolf II, The Rise of the Great Powers 1648-1815, European Society 1500-1700, Cromwell, The French Wars of Religion, many more books about 17th Century Europe.

Age of Erasmus

Lectures delivered in the universities of Oxford and London

Allen, P.S.
1914 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The Adwert Academy – Schools – Monasteries – Universities – Erasmus’ life-work – Force and fraud – Private life and manners – The Point of view – Pilgrimages – The Transalpine Renaissance – Erasmus and the Bohemian Brethren

Centuries of Childhood

Aries, Philippe
1962 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The theme of this extraordinary book is the emergence of the modern conception of family life and the modern image of the nature of children. The discovery of childhood as a distinct phase of life, M. Aries shows, is a recent event. Until the end of the Middle Ages, the child was, almost as soon as he was weaned, regarded as a small adult, who mingled, competed, worked and played with mature adults. Only gradually did parents begin to encourage the separation of adults and children, and a new family attitude, oriented around the child and his education, appeared.” – Book jacket

History Of Geographical Discovery And Exploration

Baker, J.N.L.
1931 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Part 1: Before the 19th century: Mediterranean world – Middle Ages – The Arabs – Sea-route to the Far East – Columbus and his successors – Spaniards in the New World – Magellan and the Pacific Ocean to 1600 – Alternative routes to Asia – Terra Austalis and the Pacific Ocean, 1600-1800 – Asia, 1500-1800 – Africa 1500-1788 – America, 1550-1800.
Part 2: 19th century and after: Asia – Africa – America – Australasia and the East Indies – Ocean and polar exploration – Conclusion.

Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (vol 1)

Braudel, Fernand
1977 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The focus of Fernand Braudel’s great work is the Mediterranean world in the second half of the sixteenth century, but Braudel ranges back in history to the world of Odysseus and forward to our time, moving out from the Mediterranean area to the New World and other destinations of Mediterranean traders. Braudel’s scope embraces the natural world and material life, economics, demography, politics, and diplomacy.” – Publisher

Structures of Everyday Life; the limits of the possible

Braudel, Fernand
1979 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Volume 1 of the 3-volume series, “Civilization and Capitalism 15th-18th Century”.
This social and economic history of Europe from the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution organizes a multitude of details to paint a rich picture of everyday life.

Origin of the Jesuits

Brodrick, James , S.J
1940 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The Society of Jesus, the largest religious order in the Catholic Church, has aroused violent emotions and conflicts from the very day it was founded. Praised by its friends as a brilliant and uncompromising bulwark of the Church, it has been as bitterly denounced by its enemies. Throughout its entire history, the Society has been in the forefront of any struggle involving the Church as her devoted champion.” – Book cover

Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science

Burtt, Edwin A.
1925 Dewey Dec. 940.2

To the medieval thinker, man was the center of creation and all of nature existed purely for his benefit. The shift from the philosophy of the Middle Ages to the modern view of humanity’s less central place in the universe ranks as the greatest revolution in the history of Western thought, and this classic in the philosophy of science describes and analyzes how that profound change occurred.
A fascinating analysis of the works of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Hobbes, Gilbert, Boyle, and Newton, it not only establishes the reasons for the triumph of the modern perspective, but also accounts for certain limitations in this view that continue to characterize contemporary scientific thought. A criticism as well as a history of the change that made possible the rise of modern science, this volume is also a guide to understanding the methods and accomplishments of the great philosopher-scientists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Introduction – Copernicus and Kepler – Galileo – Descartes – Seventeenth-century English philosophy – Gilbert and Boyle – The Metaphysics of Newton – Conclusion

The Origins of Modern Science, 1300-1800

Butterfield, Herbert
Macmillan 1957 Dewey Dec. 940.1

Contents: The historical importance of a theory of impetus – The conservatism of Copernicus – The study of the heart down to William Harvey – The downfall of Aristotle and Ptolemy – The experimental method in the seventeenth century – Bacon and Descartes – The effect of the scientific revolution on the non-mechanical sciences – The history of the modern theory of gravitation – The transition to the Philosophe movement in the reign of Louis XIV – The place of the scientific revolution in the history of western civilisation – The postponed scientific revolution in chemistry – Ideas of progress and ideas of evolution


Chadwick, Owen
1964 Dewey Dec. 940.2

In this volume of the “Pelican History of the Church” Professor Owen Chadwick deals with the formative work of Erasmus, Luther, Zwingli, Calvin, with the special circumstances of the English Reformation, and with the Jesuits and the Counter-Reformation.

History of the Christian Church since the Reformation

Cheetham, S.
1907 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Last struggles of the Reformation – The English church – The Roman church – Development of Protestantism – The Eastern church – Age of Reason – Shaking of the nations – The English-speaking churches – The Papacy and the Vatican Council – France and the Latin nations – The Teutonic and Scandinavian nations – The eastern church

Working Life of Women in the Seventeenth Century

Clark, Alice
1919 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Introductory – Capitalists – Agriculture – Textiles – Crafts And Trades – Professions – Conclusion

Armies and Societies in Europe 1494-1789

Corvisier, Andre
1979 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“One of France’s leading military historians examines European military history within the perspective of social and economic change… Just as European society changed greatly between 1494 and 1789, a fundamental change took place in the role of the military. During the ancien regime, the professional use of arms evolved from a private to a public institution and the military became the essential instrument of state power…” – Book jacket

Church and the Age of Reason 1648-1789

Cragg, Gerald R.
1960 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Volume in the “Penguin History of the Church” series. This span in the history of the Christian Church stretches from the age of religious and civil strife which existed before the middle of the seventeenth century to the age of industrialization and republicanism which followed the French Revolution and the begining of the Napoleonic wars.
Introduction : the new age – The church life of France under Louis XIV, 1648-1715 — The new age and its thought : 1648-1715 — Restoration and revolution in England, 1660-1714 — The watershed in English thought, 1660-1714 — Covenanters and moderates in Scotland — Germany : Orthodoxy, Pietism, and Rationalism — Russia and the Eastern churches — The Hanoverian Age in England — Methodism and the Evangelical Revival — England : The rise and fall of the cult of reason — Christianity in the new world — The church in France, 1715-89 — Church and state in the age of the enlightened despots — The high noon of Rationalism, and beyond — Christianity and culture in the Baroque Age –Epilogue.

Lectures on Modern History

Dalberg-Acton, John E. E.
1907 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Beginning Of The Modern State – The New World – The Renaissance – Luther – The Counter-Reformation – Calvin And Henry VIII – Philip II, Mary Stuart, And Elizabeth – The Huguenots And The League – Henry The Fourth And Richelieu – The Thirty Years’ War – The Puritan Revolution – The Rise Of The Whigs – The English Revolution – Lewis XIV – The War Of The Spanish Succession – The Hanoverian Settlement – Peter The Great And The Rise Of Prussia – Frederic The Great – The American Revolution

Women of the Renaissance

Dean, Ruth and Melissa Thomson
2005 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Women of the Renaissance brings to life the daily work and notable achievements of early modern women in their roles as wives and mothers, caregivers, workers, religious leaders, queens, rebels, pirates, scholars, writers and artists.
Introduction : worlds of the Renaissance — Wives, mothers, and caregivers — Women at work — Women in religious life — Women who filled the role of queen — Political leaders, rebels, and pirates — Women scholars and scientists — Women writers — Women artists

Counter Reformation

Dickens, Arthur Geoffrey
1969 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The reform of the Catholic Church in the sixteenth century was historically as important as the contemporary Protestant Reformation. Though never committed solely to fighting Protestantism, it inevitably also became a Counter Reformation, since it soon faced the threat created by Luther and his successors. The century between the career of Ignatius Loyola and that of Vincent de Paul became a classic age of Catholicism. The lives of its saints, popes and secular champions could hardly be made more fascinating by any novelist. While paying due attention to the great characters, the author also considers the broader political, social and cultural features of the Counter Reformation.
Critics And Controllers Of The Church, C. 1490-1530 – The Medieval Sources Of Catholic Revival – Augustine And Luther – Early Catholic Reformers And Champions – Religious Orders – Rise Of The Jesuits – Popes And Reform To 1545 – Council Of Trent To 1559 – Last Phase At Trent – Reformed Papacy And European Powers – Flowering Of The Catholic Reformation – Discussion

Age of Religious Wars, 1559-1689

Dunn, Richard S.
1979 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Volume in the “Norton History of Modern Europe”.
Calvinism versus Catholicism in Western Europe. Religion and politics ; Spain under Philip II ; The French wars of religion, 1562-1598 ; The revolt of the Netherlands ; Elizabethan England The decline of Spain — Political disintegration in Central and Eastern Europe. The Holy Roman Empire, 1555-1618 ; Eastern borderlands ; The Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648 ; The rise of Austria and Brandenburg-Prussia — The psychology of limited wealth. Population ; Agriculture and industry ; Dutch commercial capitalism ; Property and privilege ; Women and witchcraft ; The price revolution ; Capitalism and Calvinism ; Mercantilism — Absolutism versus constitutionalism. The rise of French absolutism ; The Puritan revolution ; France under Louis XIV ; The Glorious Revolution — The century of genius. The scientific revolution ; Religious art in the Baroque age ; Five philosophical writers ; The golden age of English, Spanish, and French drama — Toward a new balance of power. The west European wars of 1688-1713 ; The east European wars of 1683-1721 ; Peter the Great ; Europe in 1715.

Reformation, 1520-1559, ed.

Elton, G.R.
1975 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Vol. 2 in the series “The New Cambridge Modern History”.
The age of the Reformation -Economic change – The Reformation movements in Germany – The Reformation in Zurich, Strassburg and Geneva – The Anabaptists and the sects – The Reformation in Scandinavia and the Baltic – Politics and the institutionalism of reform in Germany – Poland, Bohemia and Hungary – The Reformation in France, 1515-1559 – The Reformation in England – Italy and the papacy – The new orders – The empire of Charles V in Europe – The Habsburg-Valois wars – Intellectual tendencies

Reformation Europe 1517-1559

Elton, G.R.
1963 Dewey Dec. 940.2

G.R. Elton’s classic account of the Reformation, revealing the issues and preoccupations which seemed central to the age and portraying its leading figures with vigour and realism.
Luther — Charles V — Years of triumph – The radicals – Outside Germany – The formation of parties – The revival of Rome – Calvin – War and peace – The age.

Families in Former Times: Kinship, Household, and Sexuality

Flandrin, Jean-Louis
1979 Dewey Dec. 940.2

In this book, the author provides a detailed analysis of kinship, household and family relations in early modern France. He discusses the strength of kinship and family ties, the structure of households, the rights and duties of husband and wife, their authority over their children, the role of the family in education, the position of servants within the family, the attitudes and sentiments of different family members towards each other and the differences between noble and peasant families. He also deals with the changes in the patterns of sexual life that occurred in this period and investigates the beginnings of birth control in the late eighteenth century, and the possibilities or abortion and divorce. Professor Flandrin uses primarily documentary evidence from early modern France, but also draws comparisons with England in the same period, and with the medieval and modern family. His book provides a fascinating account of the intimate life of men and women in past society, and shows how that society has exerted a lasting influence on the behaviour of our contemporaries.

Madness And Civilization

A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason

Foucault, Michel
1965 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Examines the archeology of madness in the West from 1500 to 1800 – from the late Middle Ages, when insanity was still considered part of everyday life and fools and lunatics walked the streets freely, to the time when such people began to be considered a threat, asylums were first built, and walls were erected between the “insane” and the rest of humanity.

Age of the Baroque 1610-1660

Friedrich, Carl J.
1962 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The pattern of politics and economics – Baroque in life and letters – Baroque in art and music – Religion, philosophy and the sciences – The sultry years of precarious balance: the Dutch ascendancy – The Thirty Years’ War and the liquidation of the medieval empire – The modern state absolute: France under Richelieu and Mazarin – The eastern dynasties: Hapsburg, Romanov, Hohenzollern and Vasa, 1610-1660 – The modern state limited: the Parliament, Civil War, Commonwealth and Protectorate – The learned ax: a bibliographical essay

Thirty Years’ War 1618-1648

Gardiner, Samuel R.
1874 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Causes of the Thirty Years’ War – The Bohemian revolution – Imperialist victories in Bohemia and the Palatinate – Intervention of the King of Denmark – Stralsund and Rochelle – Victories of Gustavus Adolphus – Death of Wallenstein and the Treaty of Prague – The Preponderance of France – The End of the War

World of Humanism, 1453-1517

Gilmore, Myron P
1952 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The frontiers of Latin Christendom — The direction of economic and social change — Dynastic consolidation — The structure and function of government — The particular interests of the Christian princes — The condition of the Christian church — Scholarship and philosophy — The program of Christian humanism — Art and science

Elizabeth I and Tudor England

Greenblatt, Miriam
2002 Dewey Dec. 940.2

A short history, probably for high school readers.

English Reformation Revised

Haigh, Christopher, ed.
1987 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Twenty years ago, historians thought they understood the Reformation in England. Professor A. G. Dickens’s elegant The English Reformation was then new, and highly influential: it seemed to show how national policy and developing reformist allegiance interacted to produce an acceptable and successful Protestant Reformation. But, since then, the evidence of the statute book, of Protestant propagandists and of heresy trials has come to seem less convincing, Neglected documents, especially the records of diocesan administration and parish life, have been explored, new questions have been asked – and many of the answers have been surprising.
This volume seeks to fulfill two crucial needs for students of Tudor England. First, it brings together some of the most readable of the recent innovative essays and articles into a single book. Second, it seeks to show how a new ‘revisionist’ interpretation of the English Reformation can be constructed, and examines its strengths and weaknesses.
Contents: Recent historiography of the English Reformation – Church courts and the Reformation in diocese of Chichester, 1500-58 – Anti-clericalism and the English Reformation – The Henrician Reformation and the parish clergy – Popular reactions to the Reformation during the years of uncertainty, 1530-70 – Local impact of the Tudor Reformations – Revival and reform in Mary Tudor’s Church: a question of money – Bonner and the Marian persecutions – The continuity of Catholicism in the English Reformation – Conclusion

Renaissance Europe, 1480-1520

Hale, J.R.
1971 Dewey Dec. 940.2

A volume in the “”Fontana History of Europe”” series.
Time and space. Calendar, clock and life span ; Diet and health ; Violence and death ; Mobility ; Feeling for nature ; Exploration — Political Europe. The political unit ; Some examples: Florence, France, Spain, England and Germany ; Internal development ; International relations and war — Individual and community. Christendom ; State, region, patria ; The ‘foreigner’ ; Local associations ; The family and personal relationships — Economic Europe. Continuity and change ; The tone of economic life ; Economic policy and taxation — Class. Definitions and attitudes ; Special cases ; The agricultural community, town-dwellers, aristocracy — Religion. Church and state ; Clerics ; The appeal of the church ; Dissatisfactions — The arts and their audience. Music ; Drama ; Art — Secular learning. The appeal of humanism ; Educational reform ; Christian humanism ; Political thought ; Science

Women and Work in Preindustrial Europe, ed.

Hanawalt, Barbara
1986 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Ten essays by various historians.
Peasant women’s work in the context of marriage. Peasant women’s contribution to the home economy in late Medieval England / Barbara A. Hanawalt — The village ale-wife : women and brewing in fourteenth-century England / Judith M. Bennett — Slaves and domestic servants. To town to serve : urban domestic slavery in Medieval Ragusa / Susan Mosher Stuard — Women servants in Florence during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries / Christiane Klapisch-Zuber — Occupations related to female biology : wet nurses and midwives. Municipal wet nurses in fifteenth-century Montpellier / Leah L. Otis — Early modern midwifery : a case study / Merry E. Wiesner — Urban women in work and business. Women in business in Medieval Montpellier / Kathryn L. Reyerson — Women’s work in a market town : Exeter in the late fourteenth century / Maryanne Kowaleski — Is there a decline in women’s economic position in the sixteenth century? Women in the crafts in sixteenth-century Lyon / Natalie Zemon Davis — Women, the family economy, and the structures of market production in cities of Northern Europe during the late Middle Ages / Martha C. Howell

The Armada: The Decisive Battle

Harris, Nathaniel
1987 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Describes the causes, events, and aftermath of the battle in which the smaller English fleet defeated the great Spanish Armada in 1588.
THE EVENTS: The night of the fireships – diversion – the crippled GIANT – THE Duke defiant – the confusion of battle – Aftermath: the Armada in flight.
THE INVESTIGATION: Why were England and Spain at war? – What was the Spanish plan? – Could the Armada have succeeded? – The end of the Spanish threat? – further reading.
Intended for high school students.

Political and Social History of Modern Europe, Vol 1

Volume 2

Hayes, Carlton J.H.
1921 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Part I: Foundations Of Modern Europe: The Countries Of Europe At The Beginning Of The Sixteenth Century – The Commercial Revolution – European Politics In The Sixteenth Century – The Protestant Revolt And The Catholic Reformation – The Culture Of The Sixteenth Century.
Part II: Dynastic And Colonial Rivlary: The Growth Of Absolutism In France And The Struggle Between Bourbons And Habsburgs, 1589-1661 – The Growth Of Absolutism In France And The Struggle Between Bourbons And Habseurgs, 1661-1743 – The Triumph Or Parliamentary Government In England – The World Conflict Of France And Great Britain – The Revolution Within The British Empire – The Germanies In The Eighteenth Century . The Rise Of Russia, And The Decline Of Turkey, – Sweden, And Poland.
Part III: “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”: European Society In The Eighteenth Century – European Governments In The Eighteenth Century – The French Revolution – The Era Of Napoleon.
Volume II: The Era Of Metternich, 1815-1830 –
Part IV: Democracy And Nationalism: The Industrial Revolution – Democratic Reform And Revolution, 1830-1849 – The Growth Of Nationalism, 1848-1871 – Social Factors In Recent European History, 1871-1914 – The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Ireland, 1867-1914 – Latin Europe, 1870-1914 – Teutonic Europe, 1871-1914 – The Russian Empire, 1855-1914 – The Dismemberment Of The Ottoman Empire, 1683-1914.
Part V: National Imperialism: The New Imperialism And The Spread 0f European Civilization In Asia – The Spread Of European Civilization In America And In Africa – The British Empire – International Relations (1871-1914) And The Outbreak Of The War Or The Nations.

Social & Political Ideas of Some Great Thinkers of the Renaissance and the Reformation

A Series of lectures delivered at King’s College Unversity of London

Hearnshaw, F.J.C.
1925 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Nicolas of Cusa / E.F. Jacob — Sir John Fortescue / A.E. Levett — Nicolo Machiavelli / by the editor — Sir Thomas More / A.W. Reed — Desiderius Erasmus / J.A.K. Thomson — Martin Luther / J.W. Allen — John Calvin / W.R. Matthews.

Social And Political Ideas Of Some Great Thinkers of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

A series of lectures delivered at King’s College University of London during the session 1925-26

Hearnshaw, F.J.C., ed.
Dewey Dec. 940.2

Introductory: The social and political problems of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, by the editor.- Jean Bodin, by J.W. Allen.- Richard Hooker, by Norman Sykes.- Francisco Suarez, by A.L. Lilley.- King James I, by Miss H.M. Chew.- Hugo Grotius, by the editor.- Thomas Hobbes, by E.L. Woodward.- James Harrington, by Miss A.E. Levett.- Benedict Spinoza, by A.D. Kindsay.

The Church (Life in the Renaissance)

Hinds, Kathryn
2004 Dewey Dec. 940.2

A description of the religious controversies of the Renaissance and Reformation with a focus on what life was like for ordinary people, both Catholic and Protestant.
Christian roots and branches — Power and protest — Community life — Men of God — Women and the church — Holy days and every day — Learning tolerance

Da Vinci and his Times

Langley , Andrew
2006 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Illustrated biography of artist Leonardo da Vinci introduces his work and the world in which he lived.
The early renaissance — Discovering the past — City-states of Italy — Renaissance men — The new trade — Governing the people — City of the Medici — The church — The new architecture — The workshop — Making a panel for an altarpiece — Taming the wilderness — Proportion and perspective — Renaissance rivals — Fashion and finery — In the home — Design for living — The human body — Dreams of flying — Exploring the heavens — Warfare — Death and disease — A reading public — Music and leisure — The renaissance in the north — The renaissance legacy — Did you know? — Timeline of the renaissance

Thirty Years War

Lee, Stephen J.
1991 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The period 1618-1648 was one of the most complex in European history. Religion interacted with rebellion and dynastic rivalry in a series of conflicts in central Europe known collectively as the Thirty Years War. This book guides the reader through the period by surveying the narrative of events and establishing the essential chronological framework. In addition Stephen Lee looks at such key issues as the motives of the participants, their gains and losses, as well as at the religious, military, social and economic aspects of the War. Each section in the book incorporates the most recent research.” – Publisher
Outline of the Thirty Years War – Motives of the participants – Personalities in the War – Religious issues in the War – Military developments in the War – The impact of the War on society and the German economy – The Peace of – Westphalia – Select bibliography

History of Protestantism: The Reformation

Leonard, Emile G.
1968 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The Emergence Of Luther: The Message Of Individual Salvation – Luther And Social Problems – Organization And Spread Of Lutheranism – Lutheranism Checked By The Humanist Reformation – Stemming Of The Lutheran Tide – The Catholic Counter-Attack – Calvin, The Founder Of A Civilization

Eyewitness Accounts of the Thirty Years War, 1618-48

Mortimer, Geoff
2002 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The Thirty Years War – the first great pan-European war, and until the twentieth century the most terrible – ravaged Germany, but myth, propaganda and historical controversy have obscured its true nature. The image is of the three scourges of war, famine and plague, bringing ruin, depopulation and even cannibalism in their wake. A ruthless and licentious soldiery allegedly looted, raped and burned their way repeatedly across the country, torturing civilians to force them to reveal their hidden valuables and cutting down anyone who resisted. But how far is this picture supported by the private diaries, memoirs and chronicles of soldiers and citizens who recorded their own experiences and those of their families and communities?
In this book war at the individual level is discussed and described using these sources, which are extensively quoted in their own words.” – Book cover

Humanism and the Culture of Renaissance Europe

Nauert, Charles G.
1995 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Nauert charts the key intellectual, social, educational and philosophical concerns of this humanist revolution, using Renaissance art and short biographical sketches of key figures to illuminate the discussion. While other studies of humanism have concentrated on origins and early diffusion, this one also traces subsequent transformations of humanism and its solvent effect on intellectual developments in the late Renaissance.
1. The birth of humanist culture — 2. Humanism and Italian society — 3. Crossing the Alps — 4. Triumph and disaster — 5. Humanism and High-Renaissance culture — 6. Humanism and the end of the Renaissance.

Life during the Renaissance

Netzley, Patricia D.
1998 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Describes the history, culture, and life of people living during the Renaissance.
A Break with the past: new ideas and beliefs – Manorial duties: the relationship between rural peasants and nobles – Distributing wealth: the rising middle class – The power of Knowledge: education and humanism – Struggling to maintain control: the Church in daily life – New sources of wealth: exploration and conquest – The Renaissance legacy: the arts and sciences – The originality of the Renaissance

Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500-1800

Parker, Geoffrey
1988 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Well before the Industrial Revolution, Europe developed the superior military potential and expertise that enabled her to dominate the world for the next two centuries. In this attractively illustrated and updated edition, Geoffrey Parker discusses the major changes in the military practice of the West during this time period–establishment of bigger armies, creation of superior warships, the role of firearms–and argues that these major changes amounted to a “military revolution” that gave Westerners a decided advantage over people of other continents. – Publisher
The military revolution revisited – Supplying war – Victory at sea – The ‘military revolution’ abroad – Beyond the revolution – Afterword: in defence of ‘The military revolution’

Age of Reconnaissance

Parry, J.H.
World 1963 Dewey Dec. 940.1

The period during which Europe discovered the rest of the world. It began with Henry the Navigator and the Portuguese voyages in the mid-fifteenth century and ended 250 years later. Dr. Parry examines the inducements; political, economic, religious overseas enterprises at the time, and analyzes the nature and problems of the various European settlements in the new lands.
Contents: Part I: The Conditions for discovery – Attitudes and motives – Commercial experience and financial backing – Ships and shipbuilders – Seamen and seamanship – Pilotage and navigation – Charts and maps – Fighting capacity of men and ships – Part II: The Story of Discovery – Africa and the Indian Ocean – The Atlantic and the South Sea – The American conquests – Atlantic trade and piracy – New routes to the east – Fishing, fur-trading and planting – Part III: The Fruits of Discovery – The land empire of Spain – Sea empires of Portugal and Holland – The plantations and their trades – migrations and dispersals – The colonial bureaucrats – Rights of conquerors and conquered – Conclusion

Europe And A Wider World 1415-1715

Parry, J.H.
Hutchinson’s University 1949 Dewey Dec. 940.1

Contents: The Bounds of Christendom, 1415 – Tools of the explorers – ‘Christians and spices’ – The New World – Silver empire – Fishermen, explorers and slavers – Struggle for eastern trade – English plantations – Rival empires in America – Old colonial system – trade and dominion in the east – Slavery and the war for trade – The Bounds of Christendom 1715

Thirty Years’ War, ed.

Rabb, Theodore K.
1972 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The German catastrophe / Gustav Freytag — Religion and politics / Anton Gindely — The Marxist view: economic causation / Franz Mehring — The futile and meaningless war / C.V. Wedgwood — The war as a dividing point between medieval and modern times / Georges Pages — The not so destructive, no so religious, and not primarily German war / S.H. Steinberg — The religious motive reaffirmed / Carl J. Friedrich — Social and economic change and the European-wide war / J.V. Polisensky — The economic effects of the war reviewed / Theodore K. Rabb — The turning-point in Czech history / Josef Pekar — Statements of intent / Gustavus Adolphus and Axel Oxenstierna — The statesman of “realpolitik” / Gustav Droysen — The Christian gentleman / C.R.L. Fletcher — The cause of Protestantism and freedom of conscience / Nils Ahnlund — The practical statesman / Michael Roberts — Motivation and aims / Albrecht von Wallenstein — The egoistic but idealistic seeker of peace / Leopold von Ranke — The cowardly and megalomaniac traitor / Josef Pekar — The tortured idealist / Heinrich Ritter von Srbik — Political testament / Cardinal Richelieu — The lust for power and money / Aldous Huxley — A policy of justice, necessity, and tradition / Louis Batiffol — The overburdened statesman driven by events / V.L. Tapie

Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History

Rawley, James A.
1981 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The transatlantic slave trade played a major role in the development of the modern world. It both gave birth to and resulted from the shift from feudalism into the European Commercial Revolution. James A. Rawley fills a scholarly gap in the historical discussion of the slave trade from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century by providing one volume covering the economics, demography, epidemiology, and politics of the trade.” -Publisher
The early years of the slave trade — The Portuguese pioneers — Spain and the slave trade — The Dutch and the Danes — France: the early years — France in the eighteenth century — England gains ascendancy — Bristol — Liverpool — London and the eighteenth-century slave trade — The economics of the slave trade — The middle passage — Americans enter the slave trade — The American dimensions and the Massachusetts contribution — Rhode Island — The American slave market.

Foundations of Early Modern Europe, 1460-1559

Rice, Eugene F.
1994 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“This synthesis of Europe’s Renaissance and Reformation periods thematically traces the transition from the medieval to the modern. The major themes of the book include technological breakthroughs and their social and economic consequences, the connections between the discovery of new lands and the recovery of ancient learning, Europe’s economic expansion, humanist culture, the formation of the early modern state, and reform and revolution in the Church.” – Publisher
Science, technology, and discovery — The economic expansion of Europe — Renaissance society and humanist culture — The formation of the early modern state — Revolution and reformation in the church : the problem of authority — Revolution and reformation in the church : the problem of conversion.

Age of the Reformation

Smith, Preserved
1920 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The Old and the new – Germany – Switzerland – France – The Netherlands – England – Scotland – The Counter-Reformation – The Iberian Peninsula and the Expansion of Europe – Social Conditions – The Capitalistic Revolution – Main Currents of Thought – The Temper of the Times – The Reformation Interpreted

Lectures on European History

Stubbs, William
1904 Dewey Dec. 940.2

More than Lectures delivered between 1860 and 1870 at Oxford University by a constitutional historian on the political and military history of the Reformation and on the Thirty Years’ War.
Themes: The Emperor Charles V.- The political history of Europe from the resignation of Charles V.- The political history of Europe during the Thirty Years’ war.- Survey of the reigns of Louis XIII and Philip IV.- The Peace of Westphalia

Religion And The Rise Of Capitalism

Tawney, R.H.
1926 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The author investigates the way religion has moulded social and economic practice. He tracks the influence of religious thought on capitalist economy and ideology since the Middle Ages, shedding light on the question of why Christianity continues to exert a unique role in the marketplace.
Medieval Background – Continental Reformers – Church of England – Puritan Movement

Religion and the Decline of Magic

Studies in popular beliefs in sixteenth and seventeenth century England

Thomas, Keith
1971 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Witchcraft, astrology, divination, and every kind of popular magic flourished in England during the 16th and 17th centuries. Keith Thomas’s classic analysis of beliefs held on every level of English society begins with the collapse of the medieval Church and ends with the changing intellectual atmosphere around 1700, when science and rationalism began to challenge the older systems of belief.
Prologue : 1. The Environment — Religion : — 2. The Magic of the Medieval Church — 3. The Impact of the Reformation — 4. Providence — 5. Prayer and Prophecy — 6. Religion and the People — Magic : — 7. Magical Healing — 8. Cunning Men and Popular Magic — 9. Magic and Religion — Astrology : — 10. Astrology: its Practice and Extent — 11. Astrology: its Social and Intellectual Role — 12. Astrology and Religion — The appeal to the past : — 13. Ancient Prophecies — Witchcraft : — 14. Witchcraft in England: the Crime and its History — 15. Witchcraft and Religion — 16. The Making of a Witch — 17. Witchcraft and its Social Environment — 18. Witchcraft: Decline — Allied beliefs : — 19. Ghosts and Fairies — 20. Times and Omens — Conclusion : — 21. Some Interconnections — 22. The Decline of Magic.

Atlas of the World in the Age of Discovery, 1453-1763

Townson, Duncan et al.
1981 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Century of Genius: European Thought 1600-1700

Vann, Richart T.
1967 Dewey Dec. 940.2

In Century of Genius: European Thought 1600-1700, Richard T. Vann links selections from the writings of such thinkers as Galileo, Bacon, Hobbes, Pascal, and Newton with interpretative commentary to show how seventeenth-century discoveries in science and mathematics not only changed the way in which men viewed the sun and the fall of apples from a tree, but also influenced forever afterward men’s view of themselves.
The medium and the message — Reason, sense, and science — Descartes’ search for method — Locke and the foundations of empiricism — Law, history, and politics — Hobbes and the science of politics — The rights of man and of merchant — Defenders of the faith — A chronological table

Cambridge Modern History: The Renaissance (vol 1)

Ward, A.W. etc., eds.
1901 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The Age Of Discovery – The New World – The Ottoman Conquest – Italy And Her Invaders – Florence (1): Savonarola – Florence (Ii): Machiavelli – Rome And The Temporal Power – Venice – Germany And The Empire – Hungary And The Slavonic Kingdoms – The Catholic Kings – France – The Netherlands – The Early Tudors – Economic Change – The Classical Renaissance – The Christian Renaissance – Catholic Europe – The Eve Of The Reformation. One of 14 volumes

Cambridge Modern History: The Reformation (vol 2)

Ward, A.W. etc., eds.
1903 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Medicean Rome – Habsburg And Valois (I) – Habsburg And Valois (II) – Luther – National Opposition To Rome In Germany – Social Revolution And Catholic Reaction In Germany – The Conflict Of Creeds And Parties In Germany – Religious War In Germany – The Reformation In France – The Helvetic Reformation – Calvin And The Reformed Church – The Catholic South – Henry VIII – The Reformation Under Edward VI – Philip And Mary – The Anglican Settlement And The Scottish Reformation – The Scandinavian North – The Church And Reform – Tendencies Of European Thought In The Age Of The Reformation. One of 14 volumes

Cambridge Modern History: The Wars of Religion (vol 3)

Ward, A.W. etc. , eds.
1909 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The Wars Of Religion In France – French Humanism And Montaigne – The Catholic Reaction, And The Valois And Bathory Elections, In Poland – The Height Of The Ottoman Power – The Empire Under Ferdinand I And Maximilian II – The Revolt Of The Netherlands – William The Silent – Mary Stewart – The Elizabethan Naval War With Spain – The Last Years Of Elizabeth – The Elizabethan Age Of English Literature – Tuscany And Savoy – Rome Under Sixtus V – The End Of The Italian Renaissance – Spain Under Philip II – Spain Under Philip III – Britain Under James I – Ireland To The Settlement Of Ulster – The Dutch Republic – Henry IV Of France – The Empire Under Rudolf II – Political Thought In The Sixteenth Century. One of 14 volumes.

Cambridge Modern History: The Thirty Years’ War (vol 4)

Ward, A.W. etc., eds.
1906 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The Outbreak Of The Thirty Years’ War – The Valtelline – The Protestant Collapse – Richelieu – The Vasa In Sweden And Poland – Gustavus Adolphus – Wallenstein And Bernard Of Weimar – The Constitutional Struggle In England – The First Two Years Of The Long Parliament – The First Civil War, 1642-7 – Presbyterians And Independents – The Westminster Assembly – The Later Years Of The Thirty Years’ War (1635-48) – The Peace Of Westphalia – The Commonwealth And The Protectorate – The Navy Of The Commonwealth And The First Dutch War – Scotland From The Accession Of Charles I To The Restoration – Ireland, From The Plantation Of Ulster To The Cromwellian Settlement – Anarchy And The Restoration – The Scandinavian North – Mazarin – Spain And Spanish Italy Under Philip III And IV – Papal Policy, 1590-1648 – Frederick Henry, Prince Of Orange – The Transference Of Colonial Power To The United Provinces And England – The Fantastic School Of English Poetry – Descartes And Cartesianism. One of 14 volumes

Cambridge Modern History: The Age of Louis XIV (vol 5)

The Age of Louis XIV

Ward, A.W. etc., eds.
1908 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The Government Of Louis XIV (1661—1715) – The Foreign Policy Of Louis XIV (1661-97) – French Seventeenth Century Literature And Its European Influence – The Gallican Church – The Stewart Restoration – The Literature Of The English Restoration, Including Milton – The Administrations Of John De Witt And William Of Orange (1661-88) – The Anglo-Dutch Wars – The Policy Of Charles II And James II (1667-87) – The Revolution And The Revolution Settlement In Great Britain – Scotland From The Restoration To The Union Of The Parliaments – Ireland From The Restoration To The Act Of Resumption (1660-1700) – Religious Toleration In England – Austria, Poland, And Turkey – The Treaties Of Partition And The Spanish Succession – The War Of The Spanish Succession (1) Campaigns And Negotiations – (2) The Peace Of Utrecht And The Supplementary Pacifications – Party Government Under Queen Anne – Russia (1462-1682) – Peter The Great And His Pupils (1689-1730) – Charles XII And The Great Northern War – The Origins Of The Kingdom Of Prussia – The Great Elector And The First Prussian King – The Colonies And India – European Science In The Seventeenth And Earlier Years Of The Eighteenth Centuries – Latitudinarianism And Pietism. One of 14 volumes

Cambridge Modern History: Atlas (vol 14)

Ward, A.W. etc., eds.
1912 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Introduction – Europe in the Fifteenth Century – The Age of Habsburg Power and of the Reformation – The Rise of France and Sweden – The Formation of the Great Powers of the Eighteenth Century – The Age of the Revolution and of Napoleon – Since 1815 – Maps.
Contains 141 maps, to accompany articles in the 13-volume Cambridge Modern History, ed. by A.W. Ward etc.


Ward, Adolphus William
1889 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Volume in the series “Epochs of Church History”.
Introductory – Beginnings of the Catholic Revival – Council of Trent – Counter-Reformation at its Height – The Religious Conflict Merged in the Great War.
“The Counter-Reformation (Latin: Contrareformatio), also called the Catholic Reformation (Latin: Reformatio Catholica) or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, beginning with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and ending at the close of the Thirty Years’ War (1648). Initiated to preserve the power, influence and material wealth enjoyed by the Catholic Church and to present a theological and material challenge to Reformation, the Counter-Reformation was a comprehensive effort composed of five major elements: – Defense of Catholic sacramental practice; Ecclesiastical or structural reconfiguration; Religious orders; Spiritual movements; Political dimensions.” – Wikipedia

Protestant Ethic And The Spirit of Capitalism

Weber, Max
1930 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“A brilliant book which studies the psychological conditions which made possible the development of capitalist civilization. The book analyzes the connection between the spread of Calvinism and a new attitude toward the pursuit of wealth in post-Reformation Europe and England, and attitude which permitted, encouraged–even sanctified–the human quest for prosperity.” – Publisher
Part 1. The problem. Religious affiliation and social stratification ; The spirit of capitalism ; Luther’s conception of the calling: task of the investigation — Part 2. The practical ethics of the ascetic branches of Protestantism. The religious foundations of worldly asceticism: A. Calvinism, B. Pietism, C. Methodism, D. The Baptist sects ; Asceticism and the spirit of capitalism.

Literary Source-book of the Renaissance

Whitcomb, Merrick
1903 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Collection of sources in translation illustrating the literary and intellectual side of the Italian and German Renaissance. Excellent introduction to the German Renaissance.

Nearly all the books on this page were recommended by the American Historical Association, in the: Guide to Historical Literature (1st edition), edited by George M. Dutcher et al. (1936),
or in the:

Guide to Historical Literature (3rd edition) 2 vols. edited by Mary Beth Norton and Pamela Gerardi (1995) Volume 1 Volume 2