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U.S. History in the Early 19th Century – 1809-1861 – Free eBooks

U.S. History early 19th Century, 1809-1861. Naval War of 1812, Dolley Madison, Slavery, President Andrew Jackson, U.S. Mexican War, Missouri Compromise of 1820, Anti-slavery Movement, Compromise of 1850, Bleeding Kansas, John Brown, Battle of New Orleans, Underground Railroad.

Hint: When a book you want to borrow at Internet Archive is already checked out, go to the Internet Archive’s ‘Search’ box, check “Search Metadata”, and search for the book’s title. Sometimes they have two or more copies.
 

U.S. Politics & Government 1783-1865 Books Collection

About 60 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “United States – Politics & Government – 1783-1865”. Be patient as the page loads. Some books: How the Constitution was Created, The Founding of America, The Papers of John Marshall, Calendar of the Correspondence of Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson, Fifty Years of Party Warfare 1789-1837, The Origins of American Presidential Politics, The Portable Thomas Jefferson, Selected Writings of James Madison, Tenche Coxe and the Early Republic, The Washington Community 1800-1828, many more books on U.S. Politics and Government.

War of 1812 Books Collection

About 160 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “United States – War of 1812”. Some titles are: A military history of the War of 1812, 1812, the war nobody won, The invasion of Canada, The naval War of 1812, Union 1812 : the Americans who fought the Second War of Independence, The War of 1812 in the old Northwest, Sea power in its relations to the war of 1812. Be patient as the page loads.

U.S. Politics & Government 1815-1861 Books Collection

About 75 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “United States – History – Politics & Government – 1815-1861”. Some titles are: Arguing About Slavery, What hath God wrought, The life of Andrew Jackson, John C. Calhoun and the price of union : a biography, Slavery and the coming of the Civil War, 1831-1861, The great triumvirate : Webster, Clay, and Calhoun, John Tyler, The transformation of American politics, 1840-1860, Henry Clay the lawyer, A nation torn : the story of how the Civil War began, Martin Van Buren and the American political system, Daniel Webster, “the completest man”.

U.S. Economic Conditions to 1865 Books Collection

About 50 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “United States – Economic Conditions – to 1865”. Some titles are: Development of the industrial U.S., America’s first Great Depression : economic crisis and political disorder after the Panic of 1837, The industrial revolution in America, The growth of the American economy to 1860, American economic development in historical perspective, The economy of colonial America, The economy of British America, 1607-1789, The elusive Republic : political economy in Jeffersonian America, Life during the industrial revolution, Adam Smith and the origins of American enterprise, The urban crucible : the northern seaports and the origins of the American Revolution, Work and labor in early America, Modernization : the transformation of American life, 1600-1865, John Jacob Astor : business and finance in the early republic.

U.S. Civilization 1783-1865 Books Collection

About 30 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “United States – Civilization – 1783-1865”. Some books: Ideology and Power in the Age of Jackson, Writing and Postcolonialism in the Early Republic, Notions of the Americans 1820-1860, The Life of the Mind in America from the Revolution to the Civil War, family Album for Americans, The Intellectual Construction of America, The Rising Glory of America, many more books on U.S. Civilization.

Anti-Slavery Movements Books Collection

About 200 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Antislavery Movements”. Some books: New Perspectives on the Abolitionists, The Abolition of American Slavery, The Story of the Abolitionists, Business and Slavery: the New York merchants, The Antislavery Appeal, Anti-Abolition Mobs in Jacksonian America, Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, The Antislavery Vanguard, The Story of the Underground Railway, Slavery and the Struggle against It, many more books on Anti-Slavery Movements.

Mexican War 1845-1848 Books Collection

About 30 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “United States – Mexican War, 1845-1848”. Some titles are: Army of Manifest Destiny : the American soldier in the Mexican War, 1846-1848, Texas and the war with Mexico, The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Zachary Taylor : soldier, planter, statesman of the old Southwest, The Mexican War, 1846-1848, Chronicles of the gringos: the U.S. Army in the Mexican War, 1846-1848; accounts of eyewitnesses & combatants, War with Mexico, To the halls of the Montezumas : the Mexican War in the American imagination.

Message from the President of the United States Recommending an Immediate Declaration of War, Against Great Britain

Washington: 1812 Dewey Dec. 973.5

President James Madison’s 12-page letter to Congress, dated June 1, 1812, explaining the reasons he considered it necessary to declare war against Great Britain. Published in 1812.

A Perfect Union: Dolley Madison and the Creation of the American Nation

Allgor, Catherine
Holt 2006 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“An extraordinary American comes to life in this vivid, groundbreaking portrait of the early days of the republic – and the birth of modern politics. Within a few years [of her arrival in Washington in 1812], she had mastered both the social and political intricacies of the city, and by her death in 1849 was the most celebrated person in Washington… Catherine Allgor reveals that while Dolley’s gender prevented her from openly playing politics, those very constraints of womanhood allowed her to construct an American democratic ruling style, and to achieve her husband’s political goals. And the way that she did so – by emphasizing cooperation over coercion, building bridges instead of bunkers – has left us with not only an important story about our past but a model for a modern form of politics.” -Publisher

Contents: Prologue — 1. Mrs. Madison goes to Washington — 2. Meeting Madison — 3. Lady about town — 4. Social work — 5. The merry affair — 6. Portrait of a lady — 7. Sex, lies, and the election of 1808 — 8. Lady presidentess — 9. Presiding genius — 10. “The great centre of attraction” — 11. Family matters — 12. The Republican Queen — 13. Affairs to remember — 14. “Mr. Madison’s war” — 15. Potomac phoenix — 16. To home and history — 17. Legacies — Epilogue.

Parlor Politics: In Which the Ladies of Washington Help Build a City and a Government

Allgor, Catherine
University of Virginia 2000 Dewey Dec. 973.5

When Thomas Jefferson moved his Republican administration into the new capital city in 1801, one of his first acts was to abolish any formal receptions, except on specific holidays. However, without the face-to-face relationships and networks created in society, the American experiment in government could not function. Into this conundrum stepped women like Dolley Madison and Louisa Catherine Adams, women of political families who used the unofficial, social sphere to cement the relationships that politics needed to work. Constrained by the cultural taboos on “petticoat politicking,” women rarely wrote forthrightly about their ambitions and plans, preferring to cast their political work as an extension of virtuous family roles. But by analyzing their correspondence, gossip events, “etiquette wars,” and the material culture that surrounded them, Allgor finds that these women acted with conscious political intent. In the days before organized political parties, the social machine built by these early federal women helped to ease the transition from a failed republican experiment to a burgeoning democracy.

Contents: President Thomas Jefferson in Washington City — Dolley Madison takes command — Washington women in public — Louisa Catherine Adams campaigns for the presidency — The fall of Andrew Jackson’s cabinet

The Rise of American Nationality 1811-1819 (American Nation, Vol. 13)

Babcock, Kendric Charles
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Deals mainly with the War of 1812 and its results. Includes a bibliography and maps.
“Accuracy and impartiality are its distinctive characteristics.” Outlook

Contents: 1. The Reign of Faction (1809-1811) 2. Problems of the Southwest and Northwest (1810-1812) 3. French Duplicity and English Stubbornness (1810-1812) 4. New Elements in Control (1811-1812) 5. The Declaration of War (1812) 6. On to Canada (1809-1812) (1812-1814) 7. The Naval War (1812-1814) 8. The Southwest and the Centre (1813-1815) 9. New England and the War (1811-1815) 10. Peace Negotiations (1813-1815) 11. The Results of the War (1815) 12. Party Divisions and Personalities (1815-1819) 13. War Finance and the Second Bank (1816) 14. The Tariff (1815-1818) 15. Westward Migration and Internal Improvements (1815-1819) 16. Negotiations with England (1815-1818) 17. Relations with Spain (1815-1821) 18. The Great Decisions of the Supreme Court (1816-1824) 19. Critical Essay on Authorities

Remembering Slavery: African Americans Talk about their Personal Experiences of Slavery and Emancipation

Berlin, Ira, Favreau, Marc, and Miller, Steven F.
New Press 1998 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“Using excerpts from the thousands of interviews conducted with ex-slaves in the 1930s by researchers working with the Federal Writers’ Project, the astonishing audiotapes made available the only known recordings of people who actually experienced enslavement–recordings that had gathered dust in the Library of Congress until they were rendered audible for the first time specifically for this set… Includes a comprehensive introductory essay by preeminent slavery historian Ira Berlin, chapters on aspects of slave life, including relationships with owners, work, family culture, the Civil War, and Emancipation; complete transcript of the live recordings [packaged with the book], extensive additional interviews with former slaves; little-known period photographs, including some of the former slaves interviewed on the companion tapes.” Publisher

Contents: Slavery as memory and history — The faces of power: slaves and owners — Work and slave life: “from can to can’t” — Family life in slavery: “our folks” — Slave culture: “honest and fair service to the Lord and all mankind everywhere” — Slaves no more: Civil War and the coming of freedom — Appendixes.

Our First War in Mexico

Bishop, Farnham
1916 Dewey Dec. 973.6

A popular narrative history of the causes and events of the war between the United States and Mexico, 1846-48.

Contents: 1. Texas and the Kingdom of New Spain 2. The Mexican War of Independence 3. Migration of Americans to Texas 4. “Remember the Alamo!” 5. Mediation and Annexation 6. Causes of the War 7. Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma 8. The Conquest of California 9. Monterey and Buena Vista 10. New Mexico and Chihuahua 11. Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo 12. From Puebla to Churubusco 13. The Fall of the City of Mexico 14. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 15. The Results of the War

Bound for Canaan: The Underground Railroad and the War for the Soul of America

Bordewich, Fergus M
Amistad 2005 Dewey Dec. 973.6

Bound for Canaan tells the stories of men and women like David Ruggles, who invented the black underground in New York City; bold Quakers like Isaac Hopper and Levi Coffin, who risked their lives to build the Underground Railroad; and the inimitable Harriet Tubman. Interweaving thrilling personal stories with the politics of slavery and abolition, Bound for Canaan shows how the Underground Railroad gave birth to this country’s first racially integrated, religiously inspired movement for social change.

Contents: pt. 1. Beginnings: 1800 to 1830. — An evil without remedy — The fate of millions unborn — A gadfly in Philadelphia — The hand of God in North Carolina — The spreading stain — pt. 2. Connections: The 1830s. — Free as sure as the Devil — Fanatics, disorganizers, and disturbers of the peace — The grandest revolution the world has ever seen — A whole-souled man — pt. 3. Confrontation: The 1840s. — Across the Ohio — The car of freedom — Our watchword is ONWARD — The saltwater underground — pt. 4. Victory: The 1850s. — A disease of the body politic — Do we call this the land of the free? — General Tubman — Laboratories of freedom — The last train

The Party Battles of the Jackson Period

Bowers, Claude G.
1922 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“Brilliant, impartial and fascinating record of a stormy time, with sharply etched pen portraits of its leaders and a vivid picture of Washington society in the ’30’s. Bibliography. NY State Library
“With keen-sighted scholarship and in facile style he has achieved a volume of admirable historical quality, worthy to rank with the finest modern presentations of men and events, and falling into the class of Charnwood’s Lincoln, Beveridge’s Marshall, and Whitlock’s Belgium because of its monumental study and progressive psychology.” W. G. McAdoo in International Book Review

Contents: 1. The Washington of the Thirties 2. The Rising of the Masses 3. The Red Terror and the White 4. Jackson Breaks with Calhoun 5. Mrs. Eaton Demolishes the Cabinet 6. Kitchen Cabinet Portraits 7. Clay Leads the Party Onslaught 8. Clay Fins his Issue 9. The Dramatic Battle of 1832 10. The Politics of Nullification 11. Jackson vs. Biddle 12. The Battle of the Gods 13. Political Hydrophobia 14. Whig Disloyalty in the French Crisis 15. The Battle of the Succession 16. Twilight Triumphs Books, Papers, and Manuscripts Cited and Consulted

Mr. Buchanan’s Administration on the Eve of the Rebellion

Buchanan, James (President)
NY: Appleton 1866 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“The following historical narrative of the events preceding the late rebellion was prepared soon after its outbreak, substantially in its present form…. The narrative will prove that the original and conspiring causes of all our future troubles are to be found in the long, active, and persistent hostility of the Northern Abolitionists, both in and out of Congress, against Southern slavery, until the final triumph of their cause in the election of President Lincoln; and on the other hand, the corresponding antagonism and violence with which the advocates of slavery resisted these efforts, and vindicated its preservation and extension up till the period of secession… The authorities cited in the work will show that Mr. Buchanan never failed upon all suitable occasions, to warn his countrymen of the approaching danger, and to advise them of the proper means to avert it. Both before and after he became President he was an earnest advocate of compromise between the parties to save the Union, but Congress disregard his recommendations.” -Author’s Preface

The Middle Period, 1817-1858

Burgess, John W.
NY: Scribner’s Sons 1909 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Portrays the struggle between the national and states-rights theories, tracing their growth from the Missouri Compromise.

Contents: Nationalization of the old Republican party – Acquisition of Florida – Slavery in the U.S. before 1820 – Creation of the Commonwealth of Missouri – Beginning of the Particularistic Reaction – Presidential election of 1824 – Division of the Republican Party – Democratic opposition to internal improvements and protection – United States Bank and the presidential contest of 1832 – Nullification – Abolition – The Bank, the sub-Treasury and party development between 1832 and 1842 – Texas – Oregon – “Re-annexation of Texas and re-occupation of Oregon” – War with Mexico – Organization of Oregon Territory and the Compromise of 1850 – Execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, and the election of 1852 – Repeal of the Missouri Compromise – Struggle for Kansas – Dred Scott case – Struggle for Kansas concluded

Causes of the Civil War 1859-1861 (American Nation, Vol. 19)

Chadwick, French Ensor
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“The author presents the full significance of the John Brown raid, pictures the attitude of Buchanan and his unsuccessful attempts at compromise, discusses the status of the federal forts, pays tribute to the high minded attitude of Lincoln and closes with the fall of Sumter.” Book Review Digest.

Contents: 1. Drift towards Southern Nationalization (1850-1860) 2. The Slave-Holding South (1850-1860) 3. Dominance of Calhoun’s Political Conceptions (1850-1860) 4. Expectations of the South (1850-1860) 5. The John Brown Raid (1858-1859) 6. Rising Spirit of Antagonism in Congress (1859-1860) 7. Preliminaries of the Presidential Election (1860) 8. The Tide of Separation (September-November, 1860) 9. Secession Accomplished (October, 1860 – February, 1861) 10. Buchanan’s Attitude towards Secession (November – December, 1860) 11. Schemes of Compromise (December, 1860 – January, 1861) 12. Status of the Forts (October 29, 1860 – December 20, 1860) 13. The Fort Sumter Crisis (December 2, 1860 – January 8, 1861) 14. Episode of the Star of the West (January, 1861) 15. Fort Pickens and the Confederacy (January, 1861 – February, 1861) 16. Border States and Second Effort at Compromise (January, 1861 – February, 1861) 17. Lincoln’s Attitude (December, 1860 – February, 1861) 18. The Last Negotiation (March 4, 1861 – April 12, 1861) 19. The Fall of Fort Sumter (April, 1861) 20. Critical Essay on Authorities

American Slavery and Colour

Chambers, William
London: Chambers 1857 Dewey Dec. 973.5

William Chambers (1800-1883) was a Scottish publisher and politician who, with his brother Robert, published books in Edinburgh and London and also published the periodical “Chambers Edinburgh Journal”, which began in 1832. William Chambers travelled in American in 1854 and wrote in the Preface of this 1857 volume that, “The sight of a few slave sales has a wonderful effect in awakening the feelings on the subject of slavery. The thing is seen to be an undeniable reality – no mere invention of a novelist. … For three years, I have been haunted by recollections of that saddening scene, and taken a gradually deepening interest in American Slavery.”
Chambers wrote substantial articles on American slavery for each of several 1857 issues of “Chambers Edinburgh Journal”, educating his British readers on the heated propaganda war taking place there as well as related political events such as the 1850 Missouri Compromise. He then published a collection of those articles in this volume.

North America Divided; the Mexican War, 1846-1848

Connor, Seymour V. and Faulk, Odie B.
Oxford University 1971 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“… too many scholars who have written about this war did so from a position of preconceived bias, placing emphasis on such vaguely related issues as the slavery conflict, American “imperialism,” the so-called Nueces boundary dispute, and the alleged intrigues of the much-maligned James K. Polk (to the extent that they forgot other important considerations). For example, historians have worried so endlessly about when Polk framed his war message (before or after receiving notice from Taylor about the Mexican attack on Thornton’s dragoons) that they have failed to note that Mexico already had declared war on the United States; they have argued the abstract concept of Manifest Destiny to the extent that they have forgotten the British desire for California; nor have they considered the British involvements in Mexico stemming from the English argument with the United States over the Oregon Territory.” – Author’s Preface

Contents: Origins of the war — Taylor’s campaign — New Mexico and Chihuahua — The far west — The decisive campaign — Nations divided — End of war.

The Crisis of 1830-1842 in Canadian-American Relations

Corey, Albert B.
New Haven: Yale University 1941 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Published for the Carnegie Endowment of International Peace. The crisis in question brought the U.S. and Great Britain extremely close to war, which was only avoided, according to the author, by the efforts of a handful of British and American statesmen; most notably Lord Durham. Not only did they prevent war, they earned some of the credit for the fact that the border between America and Canada remains relatively unguarded to this day.

Contents: The setting: countries and peoples – Before the rebellions – The border in ferment – Curbing the patriots – Rise of the secret societies – Crosscurrents of opinion – Military and naval problems: policy and practice – The hunters try again – The McLeod Case – National defense – The Webster Ashburton Treaty – Conclusion

The Coming of the Civil War

Craven, Avery
NY: Scribern’s Sons 1942 Dewey Dec. 973.6

The author has tried to study the causes of the war as a scientist and not as a partisan. Recent scholars had “lost respect for simple explanations of the growth of sectional consciousness and sectional hatreds. Economic and social forces as well as political ones have been considered and the effort to fix blame has yielded to a desire to know why Americans only two generations away from the formation of their Union should have held positions so uncompromisable that only a war could alter them.” -Author’s Preface.

Contents: The National setting – A way of life – The rural depression, 1800-1832 – By the sweat of their faces – The cotton kingdom rises – The northern attack on slavery – The southern defense of slavery – Slavery and expansion – The politicians and slavery – Political revolt – The first crisis – The union on trial – The northwest gets excited – Sectional reactions to events – Building the Republican Party – The last crisis – The breakup of the union

Campaigns of the War of 1812-15, against Great Britain, sketched and criticized; with brief biographies of the American engineers

Cullum, George W.
NY: Miller 1879 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“This work does not profess to give a minute history of the War of 1812-1815, by the U.S. against Great Britain; but the sketches of the campaigns are sufficiently detailed for an intelligent understanding of their military features, and to indicate their tactical and strategical errors. Each campaign is illustrated with a good skeleton map of its theatre of operations and with outline plans of its principal battles, sieges, etc.” – Author’s Preface

Contents: Military Education And Causes Of The War; With A Biographical Sketch Of Brigadier-General Williams, – Campaign Of 1812; With A Biographical Sketch Of Major-General Joseph G. Totten – Western Campaign Of 1813; With A Biographical Sketch Of Ld3ut.-Colonel Eleazer D. Wood – Eastern Campaign Of 1813; With A Biographical Sketch Of Brig.-General Joseph G. Swift – Campaign Of 1814; With A Biographical Sketch Of Colonel William Mcree – Siege And Defense Of Fort Erie, In 1814; With A Biographical Sketch Of Major David Bates Douglass – Chesapeake Campaign Of 1813-14 ; With A Biographical Sketch Of Brig. General Walker K. Armistead – Louisiana Campaign Of 1814-15; With A Biographical Sketch Of Major A. Lacarriere Latour – Biographical Sketches Of Engineers Engaged In The War Of 1812-15 – Brig.-General Charles Gratiot – Captain William Partridge – Brig.-General Sylvanus Thayer – Brig.-General Rene” E. De Russy – Lieut. George Trescot – Lieut. Horace C. Story – Journal Of The Northwestern Campaign Of 1812-13 – Under Major-General William H. Harrison By Bvt. Lieut.-Colonel Eleazer D. Wood, Capt. Corps Of Engineers, U. S. Army

1812: The Navy’s War

Daughan, George C.
Basic 2011 Dewey Dec. 973.5

In 1812: The Navy’s War, award-winning naval historian George C. Daughan tells the astounding story of the War of 1812, when a tiny, battle-tested team of American commanders, seamen, and privateers took on the haughty skippers of the mighty Royal Navy, defeated them time and again, and played a key role in winning the conflict that cemented America’s newly won independence. When war broke out in 1812, America’s prospects looked dismal. With the young republic’s merchantmen facing increasing harassment from the British navy on the high seas, it was clear that the ocean would be the war’s primary battlefield — but America’s navy, only twenty ships strong, faced a practiced British fleet of more than a thousand men-of-war. Still, through a combination of nautical deftness and sheer bravado, a handful of heroic captains — men like Oliver Hazard Perry, Stephen Decatur, John Rodgers, and Isaac Hull — and their stalwart crews managed to take the fight to the British, turning the tide of the war: on the Great Lakes, in the Atlantic, and even in the eastern Pacific. Drawing on a wealth of archival research, Daughan thrillingly details the pitched naval battles that shaped the war, and shows how American naval efforts dovetailed with — and often salvaged — the U.S. Army’s troubled campaigns ashore. By the war’s end in 1815, no American could question the navy’s vital role in preserving the nation’s independence and safeguarding its interests, both at home and across the globe. A stunning contribution to military and national history, 1812: The Navy’s War is the first complete account in more than a century of how the U.S. Navy rescued the fledgling nation and secured America’s future.

Contents: Roots of war — Free trade and sailors’ rights — Jefferson’s embargo and the slide toward war — Madison’s strategy — The United States declares war — Blue-water victories — The Constitution and the Guerriere — Ripe apples and bitter fruit: the Canadian invasion — Canadian disasters accumulate — More blue-water victories — The Constitution and the Java — A sea change — Napoleon and Alexander — The Canadian invasion resumes — The Chesapeake and the Shannon — Raids in Chesapeake Bay — Oliver Hazard Perry and Lake Erie — Attack on Montreal — The war at sea in 1813 — The allies and Napoleon — British and American war plans — The British blockade — The Essex — Burning Washington — The war at sea continues in 1814 — Negotiations begin at Ghent — Baltimore — Plattsburg — A peace treaty — The Hartford Convention — New Orleans — An amazing change — A new era — From temporary armistice to lasting peace: the importance of the war.

The Half Century, or, A History of the Changes that have taken place and events that have transpired, chiefly in the United States, between 1800 and 1850

Davis, Emerson, D.D.
Boston: Tappan & Whittemore 1851 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“It seemed to me that I should perform a good service to my countrymen if I should post up the books and present a condensed view of those events which, at the time, excited the most general interest, and of those changes which have taken place in our social condition…. few men have time enough to spare from their daily occupation to keep themselves fully informed of all that is doing in all the departments of literature and science, of arts and manufactures, and of politics and religion …” -Author’s Preface

Contents: Political changes and events – Educational changes – Charitable educational institutions – Moral reformation – Improvements in the means of intercommunication – Progress of science – Inventions, arts, and manufactures – Christian benevolence – Religious controversies – New religious sects – Miscellanies

The Year of Decision: 1846

De Voto, Bernard Augustine
Boston: Houghton Mifflin 1950 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“‘Year of Decision 1846’ tells many fascinating stories of the U.S. explorers who began the western march from the Mississippi to the Pacific, from Canada to the annexation of Texas, California, and the southwest lands from Mexico. It is the penultimate book of a trilogy which includes ‘Across the Wide Missouri’ (for which DeVoto won both the Pulitzer and Bancroft prizes) and ‘The Course of Empire’. DeVoto’s narrative covers the expanding Western frontier, the Mormons, the Donner party, Fremont’s exploration, the Army of the West, and takes readers into Native American tribal life.” -Publisher

History of Missouri Compromise and Slavery in American Politics …

A true history of the Missouri Compromise and its repeal, and of African slavery as a factor in American politics

Dixon, Mrs. Archibald (Susan B. Dixon)
Cincinnati: Clarke 1903 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“The truth of history, and justice to the author of the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise, Hon. Archibald Dixon of Kentucky, alike demand from one who was in a position to know the facts, a clear statement of the origin, the motives and the circumstances of that Repeal. The history of the Repeal necessitates that of the Compromise itself. … The events, motives and purposes leading up to these Acts have been mostly ignored by our historians, or else much misrepresented … ” Author’s Preface

Antislavery; the Crusade for Freedom in America

Dumond, Dwight L.
University of Michigan 1961 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“This work of dedicated scholarship and immense learning reveals with extraordinary force the truth behind the Civil War. Year by year slavery in the U.S. became more sinister. It contaminated the body politic, it tainted all institutional life, it became a colossus of arbitrary power and greed.” – Publisher

“Here, in one volume, is contained enough evidence, enough information to wipe segregation from our land. It is fascinating, though at times cruel reading. But it is factual. It has the force of a sledge hammer. I defy anyone to read this book without cringing with shame and embarrassment. It is a must reading for all Americans, North and South.” – Historian Benjamin Fine

Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk

Dusinberre, William
Oxford Univ. 2003 Dewey Dec. 973.6

James K. Polk held the office of President from 1845 to 1849, a period when the expansion of slavery into the territories emerged as a pressing question in American politics. During his presidency, the slave period of Texas was annexed and the future of slavery in the Mexican Cession was debated. Polk also owned a substantial cotton plantation in northern Mississippi and 54 slaves. He was an absentee master who had a string of overseers or agents manage his plantation and did not visit his estate while he was in the White House. In this book, William Dusinberre reconstructs the world of Polk’s estate and the lives of his slaves, and analyzes how Polk’s experience as a slavemaster conditioned his stance towards slavery-related issues. Dusinberre argues that Polk’s policies helped precipitate the civil war he had sought to avert.

Contents: A market for labor power — Flight (I) Tennessee — Flight (II) the Mississippi planation — Profit — The nature of the regime — The spirit of governance — Births and deaths — Family and community — Privileges — Polk’s early response to the antislavery movement — Texas and the Mexican War — Slavery and Union — Alternatives.

Founders and Frontiersmen; Historic Places Commemorating Early Nationhood and the Westward Movement, 1783-1828

Ferris, Robert G., ed.
U.S. Dept of the Interior, National Park Service 1967 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Volume 7 in The National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings.

The book is divided into two parts. Part I, “Founders and Frontiersmen: Historical Background” is a 90-page history of the period. Part II, “Founders and Frontiersmen: Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings” covers roughly 140 historic sites, providing a description of each site, historical background, status as a designated historical landmark, and for many sites, photos.

Prospector, Cowhand, and Sodbuster: Historic Places Associated with the Mining, Ranching, and Farming Frontiers in the Trans-Mississippi West

Ferris, Robert G., ed.
U.S. Dept. of Interior, National Park Service 1967 Dewey Dec. 973.6

This is a volume in the series, “The National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings”. Part I: Prospector, Cowhand, and Sodbuster: Historical Background; Part II: Prospector, Cowhand, and Sodbuster: Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. Over 200 sites are profiled in Part II.
The settlement of the portion of the America west of the Mississippi essentially began in 1803 with the Louisiana purchase. This book covers the settlement of the west throughout much of the 19th century, providing information about historically significant or representative buildings and sites that have been preserved.

Soldier and Brave: Historic Places Associated with Indian Affairs and the Indian Wars in the Trans-Mississippi West

Ferris, Robert G., ed.
U.S. Dept. of Interior, National Park Service 1971 Dewey Dec. 973.6

This is a volume in the series, “The National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings”.
“The sites and buildings described in this volume represent a colorful phase of American history. Yet, it was a tragic era. It has also been distorted in the popular mind by television and motion picture presentations. Visits to pertinent historic sites will do much to dispel the myths associated with the period and contribute to better understanding of its complexities.” -Director, National Park Service

Part I: Soldier and Brave: Historical Background. Part II: Soldier and Brave: Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. Over 200 sites are profiled and described.

Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: the Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War

Foner, Eric
Oxford University 1979 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“An indispensable contribution to our understanding of the causes of the American Civil War. A key work in establishing political ideology as a major concern of modern American historians, it remains the only full-scale evaluation of the ideas of the early Republican party… By a careful analysis of the attitudes of leading factions in the [Republican] party’s formation (northern Whigs, former Democrats, and political abolitionists) Foner is able to show what each contributed to Republican ideology. He also shows how northern ideas of human rights–in particular a man’s right to work where and how he wanted, and to accumulate property in his own name–and the goals of American society were implicit in that ideology.” -Publisher

Contents: Free labor: the Republicans and northern society — The Republican critique of the south — Salmon P. Chase: the constitution and the slave power — The radicals: anti-slavery politics and the moral imperative — The Democratic Republicans — Conservatives and moderates — The Republicans and nativism — The Republicans and race — Slavery and the Republican ideology.

Westward Extension 1841-1850 (American Nation, Vol. 17)

Garrison, George Pierce
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Within the period covered in this book “…are such hotly contested questions as the responsibility for the breach between Tyler and the Whigs; the real boundaries of Texas under Spanish and Mexican rule; the progress of negotiation for the annexation of Texas; …discussion of the Slidell Mission of 1845; the responsibility for the Mexican War; and the origin of the Wilmot Proviso.” -Editor’s Intro

Contents: 1. The Expansion Movement (1790-1841) 2. The Field for Expansion (1800-1841) 3. Election of 1840 (1839-1840) 4. The Quarrel between Tyler and the Whigs (1841-1842) 5. Adjustment of the Maine Boundary Controversy (1841-1842) 6. The Texan Question (1819-1841) 7. The Boundary of Texas (1748-1841) 8. Diplomatic Negotiations for the Annexation of Texas (1841-1844) 9. The Election of 1844 (1843-1844) 10. Annexation of Texas by Joint Resolution of Congress (1844-1846) 11. Adjustment of the Oregon Controversy (1827-1846) 12. Fiscal Reorganization and Tariff Readjustment (1841-1846) 13. The Rupture with Mexico (1843-1846) 14. The Slidell Mission (August, 1845-March, 1846) 15. Conquering a Peace (1846-1848) 16. The Wilmot Proviso (I846-I847) 17. The Election of 1848 (1847-1848) 18. Isthmian Diplomacy (1846-1850) 19. The Complex Slavery Issue (1847-1849) 20. The Compromise of 1850 (1849-1850) 21. Critical Essay on Authorities

History of the Rebellion; its Authors and Causes

Giddings, Joshua R.
NY: Follet, Foster 1864 Dewey Dec. 973.6

The author, Joshua Reed Giddings (1795-1864), was an American attorney, politician and a prominent opponent of slavery. He represented Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1838–59. He was at first a member of the Whig Party and was later a Republican, helping found the party. This book is based largely on his own experience in Congress in the years leading up to the Civil War.

“The present Rebellion is the first in the annals of mankind, where a people have risen in arms against liberty for the purpose of establishing a despotism. With its remote and proximate causes the people should be familiar; its authors and abettors should be known to the present and coming generations…. ” Author’s Preface

Prologue to Conflict, the Crisis and Compromise of 1850

Hamilton, Holman
University of Kentucky 1964 Dewey Dec. 973.6

The crisis facing the United States in 1850 was a dramatic prologue to the conflict that came a decade later. The rapid opening of western lands demanded the speedy establishment of local civil administration for these vast regions. Outraged partisans, however, cried of coercion: Southerners saw a threat to the precarious sectional balance, and Northerners feared an extension of slavery. In this definitive study, Holman Hamilton analyzes the complex events of the anxious months from December, 1849, when the Senate debates began, until September, 1850, when Congress passed the measures.

A Review of the Political Conflict in America, from the Commencement of the Anti-slavery Agitation to the Close of Southern Reconstruction …

comprising also a résumé of the career of Thaddeus Stevens: being a survey of the struggle of parties which destroyed the republic and virtually monarchized its government

Harris, Alexander
NY: Pollock 1876 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“He [the author] claims, as a free citizen, the right to present the reasons, which ever induced him to condemn the war against the South and its prosecution. He has presented these openly and fearlessly; records for all time his conviction, that the war was wholly unwarranted by the Federal Constitution; and he believes the time will come when the majority of the American people will be fully convinced that coercion was an unwise policy, adopted to preserve republican government. Not only unwise, will they come to see it to have been, but wholly suicidal to the institutions it was meant to preserve.” – Author’s Preface

The author was a lawyer in Lancaster, PA, who had consistently opposed the Civil War from the beginning. Here he presents the case against the war from the perspective of a northern opponent.

Slavery and Abolition 1831-1841 (American Nation, Vol. 16)

Hart, Albert Bushnell
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“The book has the double purpose of describing the conditions of slavery and the state of mind of those interested for it or against it, and at the same time of recording the events which mark the anti-slavery agitation.” – Author’s Preface

Contents: 1. American Social Characteristics (1830-1860) 2. The Intellectual Life (1830-1840) 3. The Era of Transportation (1830-1850) 4. Slavery as an Economic System (1607-1860) 5. The Slave-Holder and his Neighbors (1830-1860) 6. The Free Negro (1830-1860) 7. Plantation Life (1830-1860) 8. Control of the Slaves (1830-1860) 9. The Slave-Market (1830-1860) 10. The Defence of Slavery (1830-1860) 11. The Anti-Slavery Movement (1624-1840) 12. Garrisonian Abolition (1830-1845) 13. Non-Garrisonian Abolition (1830-1860) 14. The Abolition Propaganda (1831-1840) 15. The Abolitionist and the Slave (1830-1840) 16. The Abolitionist and the Slave-Holder (1830-1860) 17. Abolition and Government (1830-1840) 18. Anti-Slavery in Congress (1831-1840) 19. Interstate and International Relations of Slavery (1822-1842) 20. Panic of 1837 (1837-1841) 21. The Effects of Abolition (1830-1860) 22. Critical Essay on Authorities

The Abolition Crusade and its Consequences

Herbert, Hilary Abner
NY: Scribner’s Sons 1912 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“The author is undertaking to write a connected story of events that happened, most of them, in his lifetime, and as to many of the most important of which he has vivid recollections… The subject divides itself naturally into four historic periods: 1. The anti-slavery crusade, 1831 to 1860; 2. Secession and four years of war, 1861 to 1865; 3. Reconstruction under the Lincoln-Johnson plan, with the overthrow by Congress of that plan and the rule of the negro and carpet-bagger, from 1865 to 1876; 4. Restoration of self-government in the South, and the results that have followed. The greater part of the book is devoted to the first period – 1831 to 1860, the period of causation.” – Author’s Preface

Hilary Abner Herbert (1834-1919) was Secretary of the Navy in President Cleveland’s 2nd administration, and served as a Member of the House of Representatives from Alabama. During the Civil War he served Alabama as an officer in the Confederate Army.

What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848

Howe, Daniel Walker
Oxford Univ. 2007 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“In this Pulitzer prize-winning, critically acclaimed addition to the series ‘Oxford History of the United States’, historian Daniel Walker Howe illuminates the period from the battle of New Orleans to the end of the Mexican-American War, an era when the United States expanded to the Pacific and won control over the richest part of the North American continent. Howe’s panoramic narrative portrays revolutionary improvements in transportation and communications that accelerated the extension of the American empire. Railroads, canals, newspapers, and the telegraph dramatically lowered travel times and spurred the spread of information. These innovations prompted the emergence of mass political parties and stimulated America’s economic development from an overwhelmingly rural country to a diversified economy in which commerce and industry took their place alongside agriculture. In his story, the author weaves together political and military events with social, economic, and cultural history.” -Publisher

Contents: Prologue : The defeat of the past — 1. The continental setting — 2. From the jaws of defeat — 3. An era of good and bad feelings — 4. The world that cotton made — 5. Awakenings of religion — 6. Overthrowing the tyranny of distance — 7. The improvers — 8. Pursuing the millennium — 9. Andrew Jackson and his age — 10. Battles over sovereignty — 11. Jacksonian democracy and the rule of law — 12. Reason and revelation — 13. Jackson’s third term — 14. The new economy — 15. The Whigs and their age — 16. American renaissance — 17. Texas, Tyler, and the telegraph — 18. Westward the star of empire — 19.The war against Mexico — 20. The revolutions of 1848 — Finale : A vision of the future — Bibliographical essay

See the Century Past Biography Directory for free online biographies of hundreds of historical figures.

Daily Life on the Nineteenth Century American Frontier

Jones, Mary Ellen
Greenwood 1998 Dewey Dec. 973.5

This study examines the daily lives of ordinary men and women who flooded into the Trans-Mississippi West in search of land, fortune, a fresh start, and a new identity. Their daily life was rarely easy. If they were to survive, they had to adapt to the land and modify every aspect of their lives, from housing to transportation, from education to defense, from food gathering and preparation to the establishment of rudimentary laws and social structures. They also had to adapt to the Native Americans already on the land–whether through acculturation, warfare, or coexistence.
Jones provides insight into the experiences that affected the daily lives of the diverse people who inhabited the American frontier: the Native Americans, trappers, explorers, ranchers, homesteaders, soldiers and townspeople. This fascinating book gives a sense of the extraordinary ordinariness of surviving, prospering, failing, and dying in a new land; and explores how these westering Americans inevitably displaced those already bound to the land by tradition, culture, and religion.

Contents: The American frontier : simple stereotype, complex reality — Life on the fur frontier — Life on the explorers’ frontier — Life on the miners’ frontier : the new Eldorado — Life on the land : Alien exotics-cowboys and settlers — The Indian frontier and the frontier regulars : the army and the Indians on the Great Plains.

American Naval Battles: Being a Complete History of the Battles Fought by the Navy of the United States

From its establishment in 1794 to the present time; including the wars with France and Tripoli, the late war with Great Britain, and with Algiers; with an account of the attack on Baltimore, and of the Battle of New Orleans

Kimball, Horace
Boston: Gaylord 1840 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Speeches and Writings, 1832-1858

Lincoln, Abraham
Literary Classics of the U.S. 1989 Dewey Dec. 973.5

A collection of over 240 speeches, letters, and drafts written by Abraham Lincoln between 1832 and 1858, the period during which he progressed from rural lawyer to the office of President of the United States. Based on the 8-volume “Collected Works” edited by Basler et al., contains all seven of the Lincoln-Douglas debates, as well as speeches that attacked the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and ‘squatter sovereignty’ in the territories.

From Jefferson to Lincoln (Home University Library of Modern Knowledge)

MacDonald, William
1913 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“An admirably condensed yet readable survey of United States history from 1815 to 1860, ‘restricted chiefly to the exposition of three lines of development, namely, constitutional growth, the rise and progress of political parties and slavery.’ Short bibliography.” NY State Library

Contents: 1. The United States in 1815 2. Economic and Political Readjustment, 1815-1828 3. Jacksonian Democracy, 1828-1837 4. Slavery and Abolition, 1815-1840 5. Texas and Oregon 6. The War with Mexico 7. The Compromise of 1850 8. The United States in the Early Fifties 9. The Repeal of the Missouri Compromise 10. The Struggle for Kansas 11. The New Republicanism 12. Union or Disunion

Jacksonian Democracy 1829-1837 (American Nation, Vol. 15)

MacDonald, William
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“The aggressive personality of Andrew Jackson is made to dominate the solution of the great questions of national policy paramount during the years 1829-37. The study reveals the president and man, and shows the evolution of the political principles upon which a new democratic party was founded” Book Review Digest

Contents: 1. The United States in the Thirties (1829-1837) 2. Early Public Life of Jackson (1767-1823) 3. Election of 1828 (1824-1829) 4. The Beginning of Personal Politics (1829-1837) 5. Tariff and Nullification (1816-1829) 6. The Great Debate on the Constitution (1829-1830) 7. The Bank of the United States (1823-1832) 8. Internal Improvements (1796-1837) 9. Nullification in South Carolina (1829-1833) 10. Indian Affairs (1825-1837) 11. Election of 1832 (1830-1833) 12. Foreign Affairs under Jackson (1829-1837) 13. Removal of the Deposits (1832-1837) 14. Changes and Reforms (1829-1837) 15. The States in Jackson’s Time (1829-1837) 16. Public Lands and the Specie Circular (1829-1837) 17. The Election of 1836 (1836-1837) 18. The Personality of Jackson 19. Critical Essay on Authorities

Sea Power in its Relations to the War of 1812 vol 1

– Volume 2

Mahan, Alfred T., Captain
1905 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Scholarly history of the naval operations of the War of 1812. Contains a valuable discussion of the causes of the war. Illustrations and outline maps.

Contents: 1. Colonial Conditions 2. From Independence to Jay’s Treaty 3. From Jay’s Treaty to the Orders in Council, 1794-1807 4. From the Orders in Council to War 5. The Theatre of Operations 6. Early Cruises and Engagements. Hull’s Operations and Surrender 7. Operations on the Northern Frontier after Hull’s Surrender. European Events bearing on the War 8. Ocean Warfare against Commerce – Privateering – British Licenses – Naval Actions: “Wasp” and “Frolic”, “United States” and “Macedonian”

The Nebraska Question, 1852-1854

Malin, James C.
Edward Brothers 1953 Dewey Dec. 973.6

Contents: Motives of Stephen A. Douglas in the organization of Nebraska Territory – Introduction to northwestern Missouri – Election of 1852 – Western Issues, 1852-1853 – Nebraska Boomer movement and the Pacific Railroad – Fillmore-Pierce Interregnum: Nebraska Question and the Pacific Railroad in Congress, 1852-1853 – Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and the new slavery agitation – Nebraska momentum, March-November 1853 – Immediate settlement: the Boomer movement gained momentum – Proviisonal Government of Nebraska, 1853 – Nebraska Delegate Convention at St. Joseph, Missouri, Jan. 9-10, 1854 – Convention in session, and aftermath – The Nebraska and Kansas Bill in Congress, 1854 – Local Missouri Politics: political party dissension and mandate, 1854 – Beginnings in Kansas and Nebraska – Epilogue: The implication of the mechanization of society during the mid-nineteenth century.

Diplomatic Relations of Texas and the United States, 1839-1843

Marshall, Thomas Maitland
Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association April 1912 Dewey Dec. 973.5

A 25-page article from a historical journal. Texas was an independent Republic from 1836, when it gained independence from Mexico, until 1845 when it was annexed by the United States. This paper covers a period of active diplomacy between Texas and the U.S., including discussions around joining the U.S.

Society in America

– Volume 2

Martineau, Harriet
Saunders & Otley 1837 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Harriet Martineau (1802-1876) was an English social theorist and Whig writer, often cited as the first female sociologist. This book resulted from a two-year stay in America, where she traveled through some 23 states and territories; normally by stagecoach, but sometimes on foot. She provided an entertaining travel account as well as thoughtful observations on Americans and American institutions. She is often critical of the inconsistencies she found between America’s democratic ideals and the restraints on African-Americans and women.

Men and Measures of Half a Century: Sketches and Comments

McCulloch, Hugh
NY: Scribner 1888 Dewey Dec. 973.5

The author was the Secretary of the Treasury during the administrations of Lincoln, Johnson and Arthur. He wrote in his introduction that this memoir were written for friends and family. It contains many observations on colleagues and other public persons who he knew from the 1830s to the 1880s, and also addresses issues of political and economic policy with which he was involved.

The Monroe Doctrine and American Expansionism, 1843-1849

Merk, Frederick
Knopf 1966 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“[This book] describes the thesis persistently advanced by Presidents John Tyler and James K. Polk that United States expansion into neighboring territory was necessary as a means of defense—to make secure vital national interests against aggression or interference by European powers. Drawing on documentation from many new sources, Mr. Merk points out the application of this thesis by the expansionists to the acquisition of Texas, Oregon, and California and to unsuccessful attempts to acquire Yucatån and Cuba. In each case James Monroe’s famous message to Congress in 1823 was cited to justify expansion.” -Publisher

Contents: Prologue – Foreign interference in Texas – Balance of power – British intruders in Oregon – British eyes on California – The true boundary – European intervention in the Mexican War? – Yucatan and the Mare Clausum – British designs on Cuba – Reflections

Ordeal of the Union: Fruits of Manifest Destiny, 1847-1852

Nevins, Allan
Scribner 1947 Dewey Dec. 973.6

Vol 1 of “Ordeal of the Union”.
The Compromise of 1850 is the major political issue in this volume. “But Allan Nevins has not restricted his interests to the political scene. Every aspect of American life is touched upon, including the state of education, popular culture, religion, and the impulse toward reform. Most important of all the reform movements was the anti-slavery campaign. Here Allan Nevins shows both his fairmindedness and his talents as a chronicler of the times.” -Book jacket

Contents: Hour of victory – Lineaments of a young Republic – Culture of the masses – The Pulse of reform -“For These Just Ends” – Election of a war hero – The gathering quarrel – Clay to the rescue – The great debate -“The Union Stands Firm” – Southern acquiescence – with conditions – Northern acquiescence – with reservations – The lot of the bondsman – The cash account of slavery – Slavery, race-adjustment, and the future – Brother Jonathan asserts himself

Ordeal of the Union: A House Divided, 1852-1857

Nevins, Allan
Scribner 1947 Dewey Dec. 973.6

Vol 2 of “Ordeal of the Union”.
“Although politics dominates this volume, Allan Nevins has not overlooked the development of our agriculture, our industry, and our railroads; he also reveals the condition of our labor force and of immigration. In other words, this is the most complete picture to date of America in the years from 1852 to 1857.” – Book jacket

Contents: Enter the pleasant Mr. Pierce – Weak president: rending factions – Disaster: 1854 – Fountains of the Great Deep – Two blades of grass – Web of transport – The rising industrialism – Immigrants and toilers – Kansas and the break-up of parties – Cuba, Ostend, and the Filibusters – The Year of violence: 1855 – Crisis in Kansas and Washington – Onset of ’56 – The election of Buchanan – Contrast of cultures

Polk: The Diary of a President

Covering the Mexican War, the Acquisition of Oregon, and the Conquest of California and the Southwest

Nevins, Allan, ed.
Longmans, Green 1952 Dewey Dec. 973.6

This volume consists of material selected from the 4-volume “Diary of James K. Polk During His Presidency, 1845 to 1849”, edited by Milo Quaife in 1910. This editor … “has attempted to select from it the portions most interesting and valuable to ordinary students and readers, and to knit them together by a full body of notes.” – Preface.

The Reign of Andrew Jackson: a Chronicle of the Frontier in Politics

Ogg, Frederic Austin
New Haven, CT: Yale University 1919 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Vol. 20 in the series ‘Chronicles of America’.

Contents: Jackson the frontiersman – The Creek War and the victory of New Orleans – The “conquest” of Florida – Death of “King Caucus” – Democratic triumph – The “Reign” begins – The Webster-Hayne debate – Tariff and nullification – War on the United States Bank – Removal of the southern Indians – Jacksonian succession

Days of Sorrow, Years of Glory, 1831-1850

From the Nat Turner Revolt to the Fugitive Slave Law

Paulson, Timothy J.
Chelsea House 1994 Dewey Dec. 973.5

An examination of the Underground Railroad, slave resistance, the Seminole Wars, & the abolition movement. Among the milestone events for this era that open this book are the efforts of abolitionists, the Seminole Wars, the slave revolt on the Amistad, the publication of the North Star by Frederick Douglass, & the efforts of Harriet Tubman on the Underground Railroad. These events & others are expanded in the following chapters. Bibliography & index. Part of the Milestones in Black American History series.

Contents: Two decades of struggle – Blood on the corn – Way down in Egypt land – The Underground railroad – “This Savage and negro War” – “Frederick, Is God Dead?” – The Fugitive Slave Law

Historical Sketches of the United States, from the Peace of 1815 to 1830

Perkins, Samuel
NY: Converse 1830 Dewey Dec. 973.5

The object of the author was ” … to give a correct and connected account, 1st. Of the military and naval transactions, embracing the Algerine war; the measures taken to suppress piracy; and the Seminole war: 2d. Of the proceedings of congress and the executive relating to important subjects of general policy: 3d. Of judicial decisions on constitutional questions: 4th. Of diplomatic discussions: 5th. Of the affairs of Europe, and the republics of Southern America, so far as they affect their relations with this country.” -Author’s Preface

Selected Articles on the Monroe Doctrine

Phelps, Edith M., comp.
H. W. Wilson 1915 Dewey Dec. 973.5

In the first decades of the 20th century publisher H.W. Wilson produced many volumes in its Debaters’ Handbook Series on social and political issues that were under discussion at the time. Each book contains the full text of selected articles and documents representing opposing views on the issue, along with a substantial bibliography of books and articles.

Most of the books mentioned in these guides are likely to be freely available online. Search by title; first at the Internet Archive (archive.org), then at HathiTrust.org. Referenced magazine articles may also be available online at the same sites, with HathiTrust the preferred site for magazines.

American Eras: The Reform Era and Eastern U.S. Development, 1815-1850

Prokopowicz, Gerald J., ed.
Gale 1997 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Reference book, providing encyclopedia-like articles and lists of events arranged under these chapter headings: World Events, the Arts, Business and the Economy, Communications, Education, Government and Politics, Law and Justice, Lifestyles, Social Trends & Fashion, Religion, Science & Medicine, and Sports & Recreation.

The Campaign of 1812

Rauch, Steven J.
Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army 2013 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Booklet of about 50 pages, including illustrations and maps, from the U.S. Army’s Center of Military History. It provides, for general readers, a background and analysis of the campaign.

Race & Politics; “Bleeding Kansas” and the Coming of the Civil War

Rawley, James A.
Lippincott 1969 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“‘Race and Politics’ is a radical and exciting analysis of the controversies that followed the repeal of the Missouri Compromise… The question of whether the still unsettled Kansas territory should be slave or free divided the nation into hostile camps, and intensified conditions only civil war could resolve. To this familiar material, Professor Rawley brings a new insight: he clearly shows that the fundamental issue was not slavery as such, but race. The United States of the mid-nineteenth century was a growing land of proud people – and a land of racialists. There were many who considered slavery the only means of keeping the races separate and the social system intact. It is this issue that Professor Rawley investigates: whether the country, its egalitarian slogans notwithstanding, could tolerate the spread of Negroes, slave or free.” – Book jacket

Contents: Not for the good of the Negroes — The future is pregnant with strife — A hell of a storm — Negroes are dangerous to the state — The government has been nothing but an obstruction — The territories should be kept open for free white people — Slavery, or social subordination, must be the common law — The constitution with slavery — What a mockery is all this sympathy with the Negro.

The Battle of New Orleans

Andrew Jackson and America’s First Military Victory

Remini, Robert V.
Viking 1999 Dewey Dec. 973.5

The Battle of New Orleans was the climactic battle of America’s “forgotten war” of 1812. Andrew Jackson led his ragtag corps of soldiers against 8,000 disciplined invading British regulars in a battle that delivered the British a humiliating military defeat. The victory solidified America’s independence and marked the beginning of Jackson’s rise to national prominence. Hailed as “terrifically readable” by the Chicago Sun Times, The Battle of New Orleans is popular American history at its best, bringing to life a landmark battle that helped define the character of the United States.

Contents: The war in the South — New Orleans — The invasion begins — The night attack — The artillery duel — Final preparations — The eighth of January — The final assault — “Who would not be an American?”

The Jacksonian Era

Remini, Robert V.
Davidson 1989 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“… a fast-paced and colorful narrative of the social, cultural, and political climate that breathed life into “Jacksonian Democracy.” In his inimitable style, Remini crafts a memorable portrait of Jackson: the young hellraiser and war hero; the stern judge; the determined campaigner; and, finally, the chief executive of the people. Other leading political figures, such as Henry Clay and Daniel Webster, are paid due attention and discussions of the vital issues of the day-the Bank War, Indian removal, the states’ rights conflict, and slavery-are nicely balanced by attention to the era’s various reform, religious, and artistic movements.” -Publisher

Contents: Hero for an age — Jacksonian democracy — Indian removal — Slavery and union — Reach for perfection — End of an age.

The United States and Mexico 1821-1848

– Volume 2

Rives, George Lockhart
1913 Dewey Dec. 973.6

A study of the relations between the two countries.

Contents: Volume I 1. The Florida Treaty 2. Mexico Achieves her Independence 3. The People of Mexico 4. The People of Mexico (continued) 5. The Northern Frontier of Mexico 6. The Permanent Settlement of Texas 7. Mexican Politics: 1824-1830 8. Mexico Resolves to Take Order with the Texans 9. Santa Anna in Control 10. President Jackson’s Offers to Purchase Texas 11. Texas in Arms 12. Texas Stands by the Constitution 13. The Mexican Invasion 14. San Jacinto 15. American Sympathy with Texas 16. Texas Proposes Annexation 17. Claims Against Mexico 18. Santa Anna Once More 19. The Republic of Texas 20. The Whigs and Mexico 21. Efforts at Mediation 22. British Proposals for Abolishing Slavery in Texas 23. Tyler’s Treaty of Annexation 24. The Election of Polk 25. The Banishment of Santa Anna 26. Congress Invites Texas to Enter the Union 27. Texas Enters the Union
Volume II 28. The Oregon Question 29. The Problems of California 30. Slidell’s Mission 31. Mexico Seeks Foreign Aid 32. Peace or War? 33. Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma 34. The Occupation of California 35. Planning a Campaign. The Occupation of New Mexico 36. Santa Anna Returns from Exile. The Wilmot Proviso 37. Monterey 38. A Plan of Campaign Developed 39. Anti-Clericalism and Anti-Slavery 40. Buena Vista 41. Chihuahua and Vera Cruz 42. Cerro Gordo 43. Scott at Puebla 44. Contreras 45. Churubusco 46. A Futile Armistice 47. The Molino del Rey and Chapultepec 48. The Capture of the City of Mexico – Final Military Operations 49. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 50. The Treaty Ratified by the United States 51. The Conclusion of Peace

The Naval War of 1812, or, the History of the Last War with Great Britain vol 1

to which is appended an account of the Battle of New Orleans

– Volume 2

Roosevelt, Theodore
1900 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Roosevelt completed this scholarly study in 1882, just two years after graduating from Harvard. He wrote much of it while he was a law student at Columbia University. According to Roosevelt’s profile in Wikipedia, the book was a best seller, and continues to be an important study of that naval war.

Parties and Slavery 1850-1859 (American Nation, Vol. 18)

Smith, Theodore Clarke
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“The aim of the volume is ‘to bring out the contrast between the old parties and their aims and the new and imperious issues. ‘ The efforts to prevent the crisis which resulted in the Civil war, and the rival habits of thought which made it inevitable are clearly shown, the effects of the struggle upon parties, legislation and the courts as well as the social and economic changes brought about by railroad development and the growth of cotton are carefully detailed.” Book Review Digest

Contents: 1. The Situation and the Problem (1850-1860) 2. The Compromise a Finality (1850-1851) 3. Politics without an Issue (1851-1853) 4. The Old Leaders and the New (1850-1860) 5. The Era of Railroad Building (1850-1857) 6. Diplomacy and Tropical Expansion (1850-1855) 7. The Kansas-Nebraska Bill (1853-1854) 8. Party Chaos in the North (1854) 9. Popular Sovereignty in Kansas (1854-1856) 10. The Failure of the Know-Nothing Party (1854-1856) 11. The Kansas Question before Congress (1856) 12. The Presidential Election (1856) 13. The Panic of 1857 (1856-1858) 14. The Supreme Court and the Slavery Question (1850-1860) 15. The Final Stage of the Kansas Struggle (1857-1858) 16. The Triumph of Douglas (1858) 17. The Irrepressible Conflict (1858-1869) 18. Foreign Affairs During the Kansas Contest (1855-1860) 19. Social Ferment in the North (1850-1860) 20. Sectionalism in the South (1850-1860) 21. Critical Essay on Authorities

Texas and the Mexican War; A Chronicle of the Winning of the Southwest

Stephenson, Nathaniel W.
New Haven: Yale University 1921 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Vol. 24 in the series ‘The Chronicles of America’.

Contents: The Empresarios – The turning point – The incompatibles – Texas secedes – Recognition – The Mexican shadow – England as a peacemaker – The International crisis of 1844 – An adventure in Imperialism – “The Hero of Buena Vista” – The stroke from the east – The pivotal action – The conquered peace

The Growth of the Nation, 1809 to 1837, from the Beginning of Madison’s Administration to that of Van Buren

Stevenson, Richard Taylor
Philadelphia: Barrie 1905 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Contents: The legacy of Jefferson – James Madison-Diplomacy – Declaration of war – Preparations for war – Middle period of the war – Last year of the war – Internal improvement to 1820 – Monroe and the “era of good feelings” – The Struggle between nationalism and particularism under Adams – Andrew Jackson-The man – Jackson’s first term – Nullification-the bank – Abolitionism – Jackson’s second term – Material progress – America-its idealism

Democracy in America vol 1

– Volume 2

– Radio Show

Tocqueville, Alexis de
1835, 1840 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) was a French political thinker and historian whose travels around the U.S. in 1831-32 resulted in this book, probably the most famous and most frequently-quoted description of America by a foreign observer. In addition to the books we have a link to a 1962 NBC radio dramatization.

Rise of the New West 1819-1829 (American Nation, Vol. 14)

Turner, Frederick Jackson
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“Professor Turner takes up the west as an integral part of the Union, with a self-consciousness as lively as that of the east or south, with its own aims and prejudices’. . . The panic of 1819, the Missouri compromise, The Monroe doctrine in particular and the tariff disputes, internal improvements and foreign trade relations in general are fully treated.” Book Review Digest. Contains maps and bibliography. – Standard Catalog 1929

Contents: 1. Nationalism and Sectionalism (1815-1830) 2. New England (1820-1830) 3. The Middle Region (1820-1830) 4. The South (1820-1830) 5. Colonization of the West (1820-1830) 6. Social and Economic Development of the West (1820-1830) 7. Western Commerce and Ideals (1820-1830) 8. The Far West (1820-1830) 9. The Crisis of 1819 and its Results (1819-1820) 10. The Missouri Compromise (1819-1821) 11. Party Politics (1820-1822) 12. The Monroe Doctrine (1821-1830) 13. Internal Improvements (1820-1823) 14. The Tariff of 1824 (1820-1824) 15. The Election of 1824 (1822-1825) 16. President Adams and the Opposition (1825-1837) 17. Internal Improvements and Foreign Trade (1825-1829) 18. Reaction towards State Sovereignty (1816-1829) 19. The Tariff of Abominations and the South Carolina Exposition (1827-1828) 20. Critical Essay on Authorities

The Forgotten Founders: Rethinking the History of the Old West

Udall, Stewart L.
Island 2000 Dewey Dec. 973.6

Stewart Udall draws on his vast knowledge of and experience in the American West to make a compelling case that the key players in western settlement were the sturdy families who travelled great distances across forbidding terrain to establish communities there. He offers an illuminating and wide-ranging overview of western history and those who have written about it, challenging conventional wisdom on subjects ranging from Manifest Destiny to the importance of Eastern capitalists to the role of religion in westward settlement. Stewart Udall argues that the overblown and ahistorical emphasis on a “wild west” has warped our sense of the past. For the mythical Wild West, Stewart Udall substitutes a compelling description of an Old West, the West before the arrival of the railroads, which was the home place for those he calls the “wagon people,” the men and women who came, camped, settled, and stayed. He offers a portrait of the West not as a government creation or a corporate colony or a Hollywood set for feckless gold seekers and gun fighters but as primarily a land where brave and hardy people came to make a new life with their families. From Native Americans to Franciscan friars to Mormon pioneers, these were the true settlers, whose goals, according to Stewart Udall were “amity not conquest; stability, not strife; conservation, not waste; restraint, not aggression.” The Forgotten Founders offers a provocative new look at one of the most important chapters of American history, rescuing the Old West and its pioneers from the margins of history where latter-day mythmakers have dumped them.

Contents: Native peoples : the first forgotten founders — European settlers : human faces, far-flung places — Explorers and fur trappers — The religion factor in western settlement — The manifest destiny morass — California gold fever — Bootstrap capitalism in the Old West — The Wild West and the wrenching of the American chronicle — The Wild West and the settlers : contrasting visions.

Destiny and Glory

Wallace, Edward Seccomb
NY: Coward-McCann 1957 Dewey Dec. 973.6

Relates the histories of Americans in the 1850s who undertook private expeditions into various countries of Latin America to take control of areas or countries, known as “filibusters”. Two in particular are covered here: William Walker, in Nicaragua, and the female filibuster, Jane McManus Cazneau (Cora Montgomery).

Contents: The halls of Montezuma – Into Yucatan – Cuba Libre – Once more into the breach – Filibusters for flores and sorties into Sonora – Pierre Soule in a Spanish China shop – William Walker: king of the wild filibusters – The immortals – President Walker of Nicaragua – Here was Granada – The path of glory – The female of the species – The halls of Montezuma again

Guarding the Frontier; A Study of Frontier Defense from 1815 to 1825

Wesley, Edgar Bruce
University of Minnesota 1935 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“This study is concerned with the official (Federal Government) aspects of frontier defense in the decade following the War of 1812. … Chapt. 1 clarifies the definition of a frontier by distinguishing the line of settlement…, Ch. 2 gives a view of the tribes and their attitude toward the U.S. in 1815. Ch. 3 analyzes the work of Indian agents and shows how it was related to frontier defense. Ch. 4 is a history of the factory system. Ch. 5 summarizes the condition of the fur trade in 1815 … Ch. 6 traces the development of the national military policy… Ch. 7 outlines the organization of the army … Ch. 8 to 12 deal with the application of the defense policy on the various frontiers.” -Author’s Preface

History of the Invasion and Capture of Washington, and the Events which Preceded and Followed

Williams, John S.
NY: Harper 1857 Dewey Dec. 973.5

American troops at the Battle of Bladensburg, during the War of 1812, had been blamed afterward for not preventing British troops from occupying Washington, D.C. The author undertook this study, making use of a large trove of available sources, in the hope that it could be shown that those American soldiers were in fact blameless.

Division and Reunion, 1829-1889

Wilson, Woodrow
NY: Longmans, Green 1893 Dewey Dec. 973.5

President Wilson was an academic historian before he became a University administrator and then a politician. This was a volume he contributed to the series ‘Epochs of American History’. “It is not so much a compact narrative as a rapid synopsis – as rapid as possible – of the larger features of public affairs in the crowded space of sixty years that stretches from the election of Andrew Jackson to the end of the first century of the Constitution.” – Author’s Preface

Contents: The stage of development in 1829 – Party spirit and policy under Jackson (1829-1833) – The Bank question (1829-1837) – Administration of Van Buren (1837-1841) – The slavery system – Texas and the Mexican War (1836-1848) – The territories opened to slavery (1848-1856) – Secession (1856-1861) – The Civil War (1861-1865) – Constitution and government of the Confederate states – Reconstruction (1865-1870) – Return to normal conditions (1870-1876) – The new union (1876-1889)

Select British Documents of the Canadian War of 1812 vol 1

– Volume 2

– Volume 3 Part 1

Wood, William, ed.
Toronto: Champlain Society 1920-1926 Dewey Dec. 973.5

William Charles Henry Wood (1864-1947) was a Canadian historian, soldier, scout leader and naturalist. He wrote several books on Canadian history.
Volume 1 begins with a 132-page Introduction that narrates the war. The documents are then presented in groups, as shown below. Volume 3, Part 2, which contains miscellaneous documents and an index to the set, was not found online.

Volume 1
1. Preparation. 1801-1812
2. Brock. 1812

Volume 2
3. Operations in the West: Frenchtown; and in the East: Ogdensburg. Winter of 1813
4. Operations in the West: The Maumee, Fort Meigs and Fort Stephenson, 1813
5. Operations on Lake Ontario, Spring of 1813
6. Operations on the Frontiers, Summer of 1813
7. Operations in the Lake Erie Region, 1813
8. Operations on the Montreal Frontier, 1813. Miscellaneous
9. Operations on the Niagara Frontier, December 1813

Volume 3, Part 1
10. Operations on the Frontiers, 1814
11. British Counter-Invasion of the United States, 1814
12. The End of the War, 1814-1815

The War With the United States: A Chronicle of 1812

Wood, William
Toronto: Glasgow, Brook 1915 Dewey Dec. 973.5

This is Vol 14 in the ‘Chronicles of Canada’ series, for the education of Canadian students.

Contents: 1. Opposing Claims 2. Opposing Forces 3. 1812: Off to the Front 4. 1812: Brock at Detroit and Queenston Heights 5. 1813: The Beaver Dams, Lake Erie, and Chateauguay 6. 1814: Lundy’s Lane, Plattsburg, and the Great Blockade Bibliographical Note

The Secession Conventions of the South

Wooster, Ralph A.
Princeton University 1962 Dewey Dec. 973.6

In the spring and summer months of 1861, after the election of Abraham Lincoln, the legislatures of 11 of the 15 slave states called special conventions to decide what the state should do in the crisis. The legislatures in the other four states didn’t call conventions, but met for the same purpose. “Seldom in American history have representative bodies played roles of equal importance to these 11 conventions and 4 legislatures. Composed in many instances of the very elite of southern society, these gatherings assumed and wielded tremendous power. Not only did they in many instances destroy allegiance to the old government and create allegiance to a new, but they also performed such other functions as amending the existing state constitutions and preparing for the military defense of the states.” – Introduction

Contents: South Carolina – Mississippi – Alabama – Florida – Georgia – Louisiana – Texas – Virginia – Arkansas – Tennessee – North Carolina – Kentucky – Missouri – Maryland and Delaware – Conclusions

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